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Grammar pack INT 2016 GEA ASFORCO .pdf



Nom original: Grammar pack INT 2016 GEA ASFORCO.pdf
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GEA ASFORCO
2016

GRAMMAR PACK

Verb tenses chart
1 Present simple and continuous
2 Present simple– expressions of frequency
3 Past simple and present perfect – since and for/for, during and while
4 Present perfect simple and continuous – connectors (so that, etc)
5 Past continuous and past perfect
6 Present simple and continuous for future use
7 Future – going to, will, modals
8 Comparatives and superlatives
9 Conditionals
10 Obligation, necessity and prohibition (must, need, have to)
11 Advice and recommendations – too, enough
12 Nouns and quantifiers (count/uncount – much, many)
13 Reported speech (say, tell)
14 Passives
15 Contrasting language
16 Supplements
Articles
Numerals
Who, which, that
Make vs. Do
Prepositional verbs
Irregular verbs

1-2
3-7
"
8-12
13-15
16-18
19-21

22-25
26-27
28-30
31-33
34-38
39-40

41
42-45
46-47
48-49
50
51
52

Verb Tenses Chart
Simple Tenses:
Simple tenses are used whenever we are talking about a point in time.

Past Simple
Use for an action that happened at a point in
time in the past.
e.g. - I ate breakfast this morning.

Present Simple
Use when making a general statement of truth at
the present point in time.
e.g. - I eat breakfast every day.

Future Simple
Use for an action that will happen at a point in
time in the future.
e.g. - I will eat breakfast later.

Continuous Tenses:
Continuous tenses are used whenever we are talking about a length of time.

Past Continuous
Use for an action that was happening for a
length of time in the past when another action
happened in the middle of it.

Present Continuous
Use for an action that is happening now.

Future Continuous
Use for an action that will be happening for a
length of time in the future.

e.g. - I was eating breakfast when my brother
arrived.

e.g. - Right now, I am eating breakfast.

e.g. - I will be eating breakfast from 9:00 to
9:30.

3
Perfect Tenses:
Perfect tenses are used whenever we are talking about a point in time before another point in time.

Past Perfect
Use for an action that happened in the past
before another action.

Present Perfect
Use for an action that happened in the past before
the present moment.

Future Perfect
Use for an action that will happen in the future
before another action.

e.g. - I had already eaten breakfast when my
brother arrived.

e.g. - I have already eaten breakfast.

e.g. - I will have already eaten breakfast by the
time my brothers arrives.

Perfect Continuous Tenses:
Perfect continuous tenses are used whenever we are talking about a length of time up to a point in time.

Past Perfect Continuous
Use for an action that was happening for a
length of time in the past up to the moment
when another action happened.
e.g. - I had been eating breakfast for 30 minutes
when my brother arrived.

Present Perfect Continuous
Use for an action that was happening for a
length of time up to the present moment.
e.g. - I have been eating my breakfast for 30
minutes.

Future Perfect Continuous
Use for an action that will be happening in the
future for a length of time up to the moment
when another action will happen.
e.g. - I will have been eating my breakfast for
30 minutes by the time you arrive.

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

Look at the examples and match the beginnings and ends of the rules.

more/most beautiful
easier, easiest

more/most careful
faster, fastest

more/most intelligent

Rules
To make the comparative and superlative of:

more/most distant

happier, happiest
nicer, nicest

later, latest
older, oldest

You:

One-syllable adjectives ending in -e

put more and most in front.

other one-syllable adjectives

change y to i and add -er, -est.

two-syllable adjectives ending in -y

add -er, -est.

other two-syllable adjectives

put more and most in front.

longer adjectives

add -r, -st.

Look at the examples and complete the rule correctly.
bigger

longest

fatter

shortest

sweeter

oldest

plainer

thinnest

meaner

Rule
Before -er and -est, we double the last letter of (tick the correct solutions):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

all adjectives
adjectives that have three letters.
adjectives that have one vowel.
adjectives that end in one vowel + one consonant (except ending in w)
adjectives that end in one consonant.
adjectives that end in -g or -t.

hottest

24
Now write the comparative and superlative of:
Adjective
Boring
Cheap
Fine
Funny
Handsome
Hard
Honest
Interesting
Lazy
Light
Nervous
Sad
Safe
Silly
Stupid
Uncomfortable
Useful
Violent
Wet

Comparative

Superlative

25
Irregular comparative/superlative adjectives:

good
bad
far

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49


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