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DK UK
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SMITHSONIAN CONSULTANTS

Dr. F. Robert van der Linden Curator of Air Transportation and Special Purpose Aircraft, National Air and Space
Museum; Dr. Alex M. Spencer Curator of British Military Aviation and Flight Materiál, National Air and Space
Museum; Jennifer L. Jones, Chair, Armed Forces Division, National Museum of American History
First American Edition, 2017
Published in the United States by DK Publishing
345 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014

CONTENTS

30 French Defeat at Dien Bien Phu
Viet Minh besiege French base. Military
and political disaster for France as Dien
Bien Phu falls.
32 ■ DIEN BIEN PHU

THE BACKGROUND
BEFORE MARCH 1959
12 Introduction
14 Timeline
16 Indochina Colonized
France takes control of Vietnam.
Creation of French Indochina.
French colonial rule.
18 Revolt and Resistance
Vietnamese opposition to French
rule. Indochinese Communist Party
founded. Viet Minh guerrilla
movement. Japanese coup.

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Published in Great Britain by Dorling Kindersley Limited.
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ISBN 978-1-4654-5769-1
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38 Vietnam Divided
North Vietnam becomes hardline
communist state. America backs
Ngo Dinh Diem in South Vietnam.
Reaction of Ho Chi Minh.
40 ■ NGO DINH DIEM
42 Cambodia and Laos
Norodom Sihanouk leads Cambodia
to independence. Civil war in
independent Laos.

20 ■ HO CHI MINH
22 From Independence to War
Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam
independent. French colonial rule
restored by force.
24 Revolutionary Guerrilla Warfare
Communist-led insurrections. Mao
Zedong’s victory in China. Influence
on Vietnam.
26 The First Indochina War
Viet Minh’s armed struggle against
the French. China’s support of
Viet Minh. French military setbacks.
28 The Cold War
America’s opposition to spread
of communism. The Korean War.
Vietnam sucked into the Cold War.
Soviet influence.

Copyright © 2017 Dorling Kindersley Limited
DK, a Division of Penguin Random House, LLC
17 18 19 20 21 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
001–299416–April/2017

34 The Geneva Accords
Seeking peace in Korea and Indochina.
Division of Vietnam agreed by France
and Viet Minh.

A FRENCH AIRCRAFT DOWNED AT DIEN BIEN PHU

AMERICA DRAWN
INTO VIETNAM
MAR 1959 – DEC 1964
46 Introduction
48 Timeline
50 Guerrilla War Resumes
South Vietnam faces guerrilla
campaign. NLF founded. America
sends in military advisers and weapons
to support Diem.