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Socio-Economic Determinants of the Adoption of Agricultural Contracts: Case of Cashew Farmers in North-Eastern Benin

Moreover, it is true that in the study area an average
household has 09 people and 05 agricultural workers we
find that the size and number of farm assets of households
are higher for adopting producers. On average, households
of adopting producers have 10 persons with 06 agricultural
assets while among non-adopting producers there are 08
persons per household with 06 agricultural assets. The level
of education of the respondents is very low in the study area
and this according to the two groups of producers. Overall,
the shadow of average years of schooling is 2.88 years (±
5.1 5). This means that producers have averaged the class
CP (Preparatory Course) in formal education. However,
non-adopting producers (4.69 years) are more educated than
adopting producers (2.5 years). In the study area, producers
have different assessments of the characteristics of the
contracts in which they participate. For all producers only 4
7.91% is a good assessment of the agreements about the
amount of nuts deliver under contract. It is rather the
adopting producers who find these agreements (adopters:

81.94%; not adopting: 13.88%). In addition, agricultural
contracts require for the most part a joint and several
guarantee, something generally badly perceived by the
producers. Generally, 59.03 % of producers have a bad
appreciation of the joint and several guarantees. This trend
is also observed among non-adopting producers (93.05 % of
producers). On the other hand, adopting producers
appreciate this clause of agricultural contracts (75 % of
producers). Contracts, like many innovations in agriculture,
present risks to cashew farmers (risk of debt, loss of
autonomy, etc.). The majority of producers surveyed (52.78
%) perceive high risks in the adoption of agricultural
contracts with 90.28 % of non- adopting producers against
only 5.28 % of adopting producers.
Table 2 presents the statistics of the variables
characterizing the interviewed and their assessment of
agricultural contracts.

TABLE 2 : STATISTICS OF VARIABLES CHARACTERIZING THE RESPONDENTS AND APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTURAL CONTRACTS.

*** = significant at 1%; ** = significant at 5% and * = significant at 10%.
Source: Survey Results (2017)

Vol. 6 No. 2 January 2018

ISSN: 2509-0119

247