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目录

Contents

主题专栏
6

16

FEATURE THEME

“基础教育建筑空间环境品质提升”主题沙龙
OVERVIEW OF SALON THEMED ON ELEMENTARY EDUCATIONAL BUILDING SPACE ENVIRONMENT QUALITY
IMPROVEMENT

开放
——日本小学校设计的新理念
OPEN: THE NEW DESIGN CONCEPT OF JAPANESE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE
谢殷睿 许懋彦 | Xie Yinrui Xu Maoyan

2017.3

21

我国中小学校空间环境品质提升策略初探

24

国际学校对国内中小学教育建筑设计的启示

27

基于环境设计预防犯罪理论的中小学校园空间环境营建

31

轮子上的大学
——美国社区学院略览

INSPIRATION OF INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL FOR DOMESTIC PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION IN DESIGN
黄歆 杨晓川 汤朝晖 | Huang Xin Yang Xiaochuan Tang Zhaohui

BUILT ENVIRONMENT DESIGN STRETAGIES FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY CAMPUS BASED ON CPTED THEROY
张宇 付本臣 王开泰 李菁菁 |Zhang Yu Fu Benchen Wang Kaitai Li Jingjing

THE UNIVERSITY ON WHEEL: BRIEFLY BROWSE THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE
陆激 吴启星 董笑砚 吕博文 | Lu Ji Wu Qixing Dong Xiaoyan Lü Bowen

36

主题 教育建筑

THEME EDUCATIONAL
ARCHITECTURE

STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF SPACE ENVIRONMENT IN PRIMARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS IN CHINA
王琰 李志民 王丽 | Wang Yan Li Zhimin Wang Li

“消除”与“重建”
——宜兰开放式校园边界空间设计研究
"REMOVE" AND "REBUILD": RESEARCH ON THE BOUNDARY SPACE DESIGN OF THE OPEN CAMPUS IN I-LAN
李芝也 周妍琳 | Li Zhiye Zhou Yanlin

39

“学社融合”理念下开放型超大规模高中规划设计策略研究
RESEARCH ON THE PLANNING AND DESIGN STRATEGY OF THE OPEN ULTRA-LARGE-SCALE HIGH SCHOOL UNDER THE
IDEA OF "LEARNING SOCIETY INTEGRATION"
李诗娴 李志民 罗琳 |Li Shixian Li Zhimin Luo Lin

设计作品

WORKS OF DESIGN

42

苏州科技城实验小学

54

北京法国国际学校

62

四叶草之家

70

华润小径湾大学

80

Amanenomori幼儿园

88

瑞士 Moréchon 2 校园中心

华润小径湾大学
设计:Foster + Partners事务所

EXPERIMENTAL PRIMARY SCHOOL OF SUZHOU SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TOWN, SUZHOU, CHINA
致正建筑工作室 | Atelier Z+

BEIJING FRENCH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, CHINA
马琴 | Ma Qin

CLOVER HOUSE, OKAZAKI, JAPAN
MAD建筑事务所 | MAD Architects

CHINA RESOURCES UNIVERSITY, SHENZHEN, CHINA
Foster + Partners事务所 | Foster + Partners

AMANENOMORI NURSERY SCHOOL, FUNABASHI, JAPAN
Aisaka事务所 | Aisaka

SCHOOL CENTER OF MORÉCHON 2, SION, SWITZERLAND
rk studio建筑事务所 | rk studio

UA 访谈
96

UA INTERVIEW

拉斐尔 · 莫内欧
——论建筑作为一种文化
RAFAEL MONEO: ON ARCHITECTURE AS A CULTURE
Francisco González de Canales

97

现在进行时
——对话拉斐尔 · 莫内欧
PRESENT CONTINUOUS?
A CONVERSATION WITH RAFAEL MONEO
Rafael Moneo Vallés Marta Barrera Altemir

学者论坛

Javier Caro Domínguez

Miguel Gentil Fernández

SCHOLARS' FORUM

109 当代城市综合体的公共艺展空间的复合营造模式

ANALYSIS ON SPACE RECOMBINATION PATTERNS FOR PUBLIC ART EXHIBITION IN MODERN URBAN COMPLEXES
孙澄 寇婧 | Sun Cheng Kou Jing

112 基于量化模型的聚落空间分布适宜性研究
——以吉林省蛟河市为例

A STUDY OF SUITABILITY OF SETTLEMENT SPACE DISTRIBUTION BASED ON QUANTITATIVE MODEL:
A CASE STUDY OF JIAOHE CITY, JILIN PROVINCE
吕静 徐凯恒 王爱嘉 | Lü Jing Xu Kaiheng Wang Aijia

117 基于“双重效率观”的医院建筑发展模式研究

THE NEW DEVELOP MODE OF HOSPITAL BUILDING BASED ON THE "DOUBLE EFFICIENCY VIEW"
张姗姗 蒋伊琳 | Zhang Shanshan Jiang Yilin

UA 视线

UA SIGHT

120 半层书评

UPPER REVIEW
韩晶 钟晓华 | Han Jing Zhong Xiaohua

124 室内

INTERIOR

126 设计动态

DESIGN RECOMMENDATION

下期导读

READING GUIDANCE

4 月刊(上)乡村营建 | RURAL CONSTRUCTION
“乡建的视角”主题沙龙
OVERVIEW OF SALON THEMED ON RURAL CONSTRUCTION PERSPECTIVE

杨桥村保护更新研究
RESEARCH ON PROTECTION AND REGENERATION OF YANGQIAO RURAL
谢锡淡 周凌 | Xie Xidan Zhou Ling

德国村庄公共空间规划设计初探
ON PLANNING AND DESIGN OF VILLAGE PUBLIC SPACE IN GERMAN
黄一如 徐燕宁 | Huang Yiru Xu Yanning

浙江山地老宅
THE OLD CURTILAGE IN THE MOUNTAINS, ZHEJIANG, CHINA
荣朝晖 | Rong Zhaohui

WORKS OF DESIGN | 设计作品

SCHOOL CENTER OF MORÉCHON 2,
SION, SWITZERLAND
瑞士 Moréchon 2 校园中心
rk studio建筑事务所 | rk studio
收稿时间:2016-12-26
翻译:张宇 |Translated by Zhang Yu

项目名称:瑞士 Moréchon 2 校园中心
业  主:commune/canton
设计单位:rk studio 建筑事务所
建设地点:瑞士瓦莱州萨维耶斯
建筑层数:4
建筑结构:混凝土,木结构
建筑专业:Jenisch J., Jakob Ruedi, Inhelder J., Hauswirth F., Sauterel B.
结构专业:Implenia, Courtine & héritier, Gauye & Dayer & Nabibois, Dubuis Peinture, Luyet construction, Reynard, Dénériaz
景观设计:cécile presset
图纸版权:rk studio建筑事务所
摄  影:Dominique Uldry

88

城市建筑 2017.3 | URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE Mar. 2017

N
0 5 10

20 m

图1 总平面

Moréchon 2的校园坐落在瑞士瓦莱州 (Valais) 首府西

The school Moréchon 2 is in the mountain in the little village in Switzerland, Savièse

昂(Sion)附近群山环抱的小村落萨维耶斯(Savièse)之

is near the city of Sion in Valais. The site is characterized by two main elements: the

内。场地有两个主要特征 : 相互穿插的方形体量组合出疏

cubic volumes that are morphed together and the other one is the language of the

密有致的空间,而高低起伏的屋顶由北向南延伸。扩建的

roofs, these are all oriented from north to south. The expansion of the school centre

校园中心延续了原有的空间秩序,同时也与周边的传统建

plays with these volumetric existing rules to go in a conversation with its environment.

筑形式遥相呼应。建筑由两个巨大的体量组成,一个作为

The first cubic volume is the primary school and kindergarten, and the other volume

小学和幼儿园,另一个则是体育馆。相互垂直的两个体量

is the gym. They are like shifted blocks, a kind of a L-plan; it fits the existing court and

构成一个L形,在契合现有室外活动场地的同时也围合出一

generates a new court that forms an esplanade with wonderful views of the valley and

个可以眺望山谷与葡萄藤曼美妙景观的小院落。极富趣味

the vines. A playful roof is over the two blocks. Its starting from the more archetypical

性的屋顶覆盖了两个空间,小学和幼儿园部分的屋顶较为

"house-like" block that is the school to block to the gym, that has more a "shed-like"

传统,而体育馆的屋顶则更随意灵动。屋顶呈由北至南走

roof. This roof is going from North-South, like the other roof does from the existing

向,与已有校园及其他建筑物质肌理相契合。承重墙、楼

school and the other buildings around. All structural bearing walls, slabs and bearing

板与立面以钢筋混凝土构筑而成组成承重系统,以求达到

facade elements constituting the system structural, are in reinforced concrete in order

当地相关部门对建筑抗震性能的要求。屋顶的两重结构皆

to meet seismic requirements of the local requirements. The primary and secondary

由木材制成,最外层则覆盖着金属薄片。建筑的立面由鱼

structure of the roof is wood while coverage is expressed as skin in sheet metal. The

鳞般的金属墙面板构成。远远看去,建筑仿佛呼应着周围

skin of the facade are made in metal shingles, a contemporarily reinterpretation of the

错落起伏的群山。

mountain architecture.

立面的不锈钢板带来了如同磨砂镜面般的反射效果,

The matt mirror effect of the inox metal also animates the surface of this large volume

建筑表面因其映射出的不断变换的影像而显得更加灵动。

by changing reflections. The materials used are expressed in their essence raw and nat-

混凝土与木材渲染出粗犷天然的空间氛围,而在体育馆地

ural. The touches of colour added, the floor of the gym or some walls, come in pastel

面或某些墙面上,清淡而优美的彩色与建筑完美融合,为

shades and blend in smoothly with the colours of the new built together. This emerges

原本厚重的建筑体量带来一丝宁静、轻盈与静谧。■

from this materiality of calm, light and sincerity.

89

WORKS OF DESIGN | 设计作品

图2 建筑由两个相互垂直的体量组合

图3 建筑立面由鱼鳞般的金属面板构成

90

城市建筑 2017.3 | URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE Mar. 2017

图4 建筑呼应着周围错落起伏的群山

5

9

9

10
4

4

3

3

8

2

10

1
6
7

1  体育馆
2  设备间
3  技术用房
4  更衣室
5  避难间

6  午餐室
7  厨房
8  多功能室
9  教室
10  入口

N
0 2

图5 地下一层平面

5

10 m

图6 一层平面

91

WORKS OF DESIGN | 设计作品

图7 粗犷天然的空间氛围

1

1

1

2

2

1

1

1

1  教室
2  会议室
N
0 2

图8 二层平面

92

5

10 m

图9 三层平面

城市建筑 2017.3 | URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE Mar. 2017

图10 混凝土与木材的对比

图11 宁静的室内空间

93

WORKS OF DESIGN | 设计作品

图12 午餐室

图13 教室

94

城市建筑 2017.3 | URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE Mar. 2017

图14 体育馆

图15 剖面

95



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