Fichier PDF

Partage, hébergement, conversion et archivage facile de documents au format PDF

Partager un fichier Mes fichiers Convertir un fichier Boite à outils Recherche Aide Contact



Workbook for Bac students .pdf



Nom original: Workbook for Bac students.pdf
Auteur: JAMAL

Ce document au format PDF 1.5 a été généré par Microsoft® Office Word 2007, et a été envoyé sur fichier-pdf.fr le 16/03/2018 à 12:29, depuis l'adresse IP 41.142.x.x. La présente page de téléchargement du fichier a été vue 183 fois.
Taille du document: 2.6 Mo (56 pages).
Confidentialité: fichier public




Télécharger le fichier (PDF)









Aperçu du document


UNIT1

UNIT1

Formal, informal and non-formal

education

Date:……………………

READING

A. Give brief definitions to the following types of education.
1. Formal education:
……………………………………………………………………………………………….….……
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………
2. Non-formal learning:
……………………………………………………..…………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………
3. Informal learning:
…………………………………………………..……………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………
B. Here are a number of resources of learning; study and classify them according to the table below:
Television, university, home, journals, colleges, extra-hours, primary school, jokes, storytelling, high
school, literacy classes, restaurants, political parties, proverbs, theatre, evening classes, secondary school,
kindergarten, sayings, libraries, institutions of higher education, Koran school, gossiping, radio, homeschooling, lectures
Formal education
Non-formal learning
Informal learning
…………………………………
…….………………………………
…………..

……………………………………
…………..…………………………
…………………..

………………………………
………………..………………
………………………………..

Learning, acquiring knowledge or developing the ability to perform new behaviors. It is common to
think of learning as something that takes place in school, but much of human learning occurs outside the
classroom, and people continue to learn throughout their lives.
Even before they enter school, young children learn to walk, to talk, and to use their hands to
manipulate toys, food, and other objects. They use all of their senses to learn about the sights, sounds,
tastes, and smells in their environments. They learn how to interact with their parents, siblings, friends,
and other people important to their world. When they enter school, children learn basic academic subjects
such as reading, writing, and mathematics. They also continue to learn a great deal outside the classroom.
They learn which behaviors are likely to be rewarded and which are likely to be punished. They learn
social skills for interacting with other children. After they finish school, people must learn to adapt to the
many major changes that affect their lives, such as getting married, raising children, and finding and
keeping a job.
Because learning continues throughout our lives and affects almost everything we do, the study of
learning is important in many different fields. Teachers need to understand the best ways to educate
children. Psychologists, social workers, criminologists, and other human-service workers need to
understand how certain experiences change people‘s behaviors. Employers, politicians, and advertisers
make use of the principles of learning to influence the behavior of workers, voters, and consumers.

1

UNIT1

Formal, informal and non-formal

education
C. Answer the following questions
from the text.

1. What is meant by learning?........................................................................................................
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Where does learning happen?...............................................................................................
3. Why is it necessary to think about learning in many fields?....................................................
………………………………………………………
D. Are the following sentences true or false? Justify your choice.
1. Learning occurs only in the classroom……………………………………………………..
…………………………………………………………………………..
2. People are affected by numerous changes………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………
E. What do the following words from the text mean?
1. manipulate (paragraph2)……………..…………..
2. siblings (paragraph2)…………………………..

Date:………………………………
VOCABULARY

.........................................................

........................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................
A. Find in the list words that colloacate with each of the four words, an example is given.
Background, institution, opportunities, subject, status, rights, uniform, year, lessons , school system,
goals
1- educational
Background /……………………….….. / ………….…………………………
2 - school
……………………… / …………………………………/………………………….
3- private
................................ /............................................. / ..................................................
4 - equal
. ........................................... /................................................ /..............................................
B. Fill in the blanks with appropriate collocation from the list.
rural poverty, equal opportunities,
degree, Adult illitracy,

basic education,

gender discrimination,

free access, university

1. All the students must have .......................................... to have ................................................to more
institutions
2. Nowadays,it‘s almost impossible to get a job without a ..........................................................
3. The lack of infrastructure in Morocco is one of the main causes of ..........................................................
4. In rural areas there is still .............................................
5. ................................................... can be an obstacle to a country‘s development
6. Morocco is putting....................................................... in its top priorities

2

UNIT1

Formal, informal and non-formal

education

Date:……………………………………

GRAMMAR
………………………………………………………………..
A. Study the following sentences:
1. I stopped smoking.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………..
2. I stopped to smoke.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………
REMARK:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
B. Read the following text and fill in the table as suggested. (Examples are given)
Amy works at a restaurant called ―La Notte‖. Amy likes working at the restaurant. She enjoys
meeting new people and talking to the customers. The only problem is that the restaurant is open very late
and Amy hates staying up late. She dislikes feeling tired in the morning. Amy really wanted to find a
new job, but she was scared to try something completely different. She considered working in a clothing
store, but she hates folding clothes. She tried to find a good job in the classified ads, but she wasn‘t
qualified enough for most of them. Finally she decided to work in a breakfast restaurant. Now she is able
to do what she loves but without the late nights! Amy Finds a New Job.
Verbs before gerunds
Verbs before infinitives
Verbs before gerunds or infinitives
Likes,……………………….. wanted,……………………………... stop,……………………………...
……………………………… …………………………………...… ……………………………………
……………………………… ……………………………………... …………………………………....
……………………………… …………………………………..… ……………………………………
……………………………
……………………………………... …………………………………..
……………………….
……………………….
……………………….

C. Add the following verbs to the appropriate columns in the table above.
Stop- Imagine- want- avoid- begin- afford- pretend- start- suggest- finish-detest- love- agree- manage-neglect-try- hope- regret-intend- prefer–plan- remember- need - decide -ask -neglect -expect -refuse
D. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Do you enjoy …………………… (dance) ?
I refuse …………………… (participate) in the meeting?
Can you imagine …………………… (live) on a desert island?
You should avoid …………………… (hurt) Mrs Clark‘s feelings.
I promise …………………… (return) the books soon.
Would you mind …………………… (bring) a bottle of champagne?
I always look forward …………………… (meet) you.

E. Write sentences with gerund and infinitive.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3

UNIT1

Formal, informal and non-formal

education

Date: …………………………..

COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
A. Read the short dialogues and fill in the chart with the right expressions.
Sara: Can you lend me your English book, please?
Samir: Could you type this letter for me, please?
wafae: I‘m sorry, I need it.
Kamal: Yes, I think so.
Sara: Thanks, anyway.
Samir: Thank you very much, indeed.
Sabah: Sir, Would you mind my opening the window? Antar: Could I borrow the magazine for a while?
Karim: Not at all.
Rajae: I‘m sorry, I‘m afraid not.
Sabah: thank you.
Antar, Oh, I see. Well, thank you, anyway.
EXPRESSING REQUESTS
RESPONDING TO REQUESTS
...................................................................
...................................................................
.....................................................................
.....................................................................
....................................................................
....................................................................
....................................................................
....................................................................
....................................................................
....................................................................
.....................................................................
.....................................................................
....................................................................
.....................................................................
B. Add more expressions to the table above.
C. Write a short dialogue in which you use the expressions of making and responding to request.
.............................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A. Study the following examples.
Karima visited the doctor because she was sick.
Antar did not succeed although he studied hard.
B. Consider the table bellow.
Addition
First(second…), To start with, Also, and, then, besides, in addition,
furthermore, moreover, next, too, not only…but as well, both…and, as well, not
only..but also, last but not least ……..etc
Contrast
Although, but, even though, however, yet, whereas, ,in spite of, despite, on
the contrary, on the other hand, even if, nevertheless, though,……….
Cause/Effect
Because of this, as a result, consequently, hence, so, therefore, thus, due to,
thanks to ,because, for, since, as, owing to………etc..
Conclude/ Summarize
Finally, in brief, in conclusion, in other words, to sum up, to conclude, on
the whole, all in all, all things considered…………………..etc
Illustrate
For example, for instance, in particular,…………etc………….
Purpose

In order to…, to…., so as to …….., so that……….

C. Join the following sentences with the linking words between parentheses.
1. Anna took a part-time job. She needed some money. (therefore)
…………………………………………………………................................................…
4

UNIT1

Formal, informal and non-formal

education
saving some
money.

2. Maria is
She wants to buy a new washing machine. (so as to)
……………………………............................................……………………..............…..…………
3. She is very intelligent. She is ambitious. (moreover)
……………………………………………………………………………………………….......................…
4. I did not finish my homework. The light went off. (since)
…………………………………………………………………………………………........................……
5. Many farmers are poor; that‘s why they leave their land towards the cities. (because of )
……………………………………………………………………………………………...........................
D. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate linking word from the list.
1.…………………………her hard training, her performance is still unsatisfactory.(however, due to ,
because ,despite ,as a result)
2. Aicha joined literacy classes ………………..……. learn how to read and write (in order to, because,
however, despite)
3. The government invests a lot of money in tourism…………………………….., not many tourists visit
our cities.(Then, Yet, in spite of, So)
F. Write two sentences using different linking words.
1-......................................................................................................................................
2-.........................................................................................................................................
English Language Learning

LEARNER TRAINING

ENGLISH

LANGUAGE

LEARNING

Basics

Skills

Success

1. Pronunciation
Learn this first, learn new
words with correct
pronunciation

1. Listening
The first thing you did to
learn your first language.
listen to as much English as
you can.
2. Speaking
The next thing you did as a
child and you practiced
until you could speak
fluently.

1. Motivation
The more motivation you
have the faster you will
learn.
2. Time
The longer you spend
learning, the more you will
learn.
3. Quality
Learn correctly the first
time! Correct and learn
from your mistakes. 30
minutes per day is better
than 3, 5 hours per week

2. Vocabulary
Learn the words you need
to know with the correct
pronunciation
3. Grammar
Grammar is the foundation
of the language. The
stronger the foundation
the better the language
4. Practice
Practice makes perfect

3. Reading
Reading will help you see
how English is formed.
4. Writing
Writing will help you to
perfect your English.

5

4. Practice
Practice makes perfect

UNIT 2

CULTURAL ISSUES AND VALUES

Date:……………

UNIT2

READING

……………………………….

Culture, in anthropology, the patterns of behavior and thinking that people living in social groups
learn, create, and share. Culture distinguishes one human group from others. It also distinguishes humans
from other animals. A people‘s culture embraces their beliefs, rules of behavior, language, rituals, art, and
technology, styles of dress, ways of producing and cooking food, religion, and political and economic
systems. Culture is the most important concept in anthropology (the study of all aspects of human life,
past and present). Anthropologists commonly use the term culture to refer to a society or group in which
many or all people live and think in the same ways. Likewise, any group of people who share a common
culture—and in particular, common rules of behavior and a basic form of social organization—constitutes
a society. Thus, the terms culture and society are somewhat interchangeable.
Rapid changes in technology in the last several decades have changed the nature of culture and
cultural exchange. People around the world can make economic transactions and transmit information to
each other almost instantaneously through the use of computers and satellite communications.
Governments and corporations have gained vast amounts of political power through military might and
economic influence. Corporations have also created a form of global culture based on worldwide
commercial markets.
Local culture and social structure are now shaped by large and powerful commercial interests in ways
that earlier anthropologists could not have imagined. Early anthropologists thought of societies and their
cultures as fully independent systems. But today, many nations are multicultural societies, composed of
numerous smaller subcultures. Cultures also cross national boundaries; for instance, people around the
world now know a variety of English words and have contact with American cultural exports such as
brand-name clothing and technological products, films and music, and mass-produced foods.
Many anthropologists have become interested in how dominant societies can shape the culture of less
powerful societies, a process some researchers call cultural hegemony. Today, many anthropologists
openly oppose efforts by dominant world powers, such as the U.S. government and large corporations, to
make unique smaller societies adopt Western commercial culture.
A. Answer the following questions
1. What is meant by culture?.......................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................
2. How do governments and corporations achieve power?........................................................................
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. What is the result of the use of technology in transmitting culture?
………………………………………………...........................................................................
……………………………………………………………………………………………..………………
4. In what way do cultures influence each other?
.......................................................................................................................................................................
B. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Justify your answer.
1. Culture is a characteristic of people as well as animals.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
6

UNIT 2

CULTURAL ISSUES AND VALUES

2. Modern improvements contribute to the fast transmission of culture………………………………
………………………………………………………
3. Today culture manages to cross social boundaries……………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………….
C. Give synonyms to the following words
1. embraces: ....................
2. Instantaneously: ………………..
D. What is the main idea of the text?
..............................................................................................................................................................
………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Date: ……………………………
VOCABULARY

.........................................................

............................................................................................................................................................
A. Replace the underlined expression with appropriate compound adjectives.
1. Most traditional jewelleries are made with hand. Most traditional jewelleries are ..........................
2. My cousin lives in Paris; he has his own business there.  My cousin is ...................................
3. My father gets angry very quickly. My father is ....................................................person.
B. Add the items in the list B to the items in the list A to form compound adjectives.
A

B

1. kind-……..…….
5. brightly-……..…..
2.good-………….... 6. labour-……..……….
3.well-..................…. 7. Easy-…………..…
4. brand-………..… 8. part-…………

9. old-……….……..
10.left-…………….
11- second-………....
12- well-………..

13. Deeply……………
14.short-…………….
15. Five-……………

a-rooted , b-looking, c -going, d-fashioned, e-handed, f-known, g-sighted,
i-saving, j-hearted, k-hand, l-new, m-star,
n-time,
o- paid

h- lit,

C. Fill in the blanks with suitable compound adjectives from the list B.
1. In our culture, some of the customs and traditions are ……………..…..
2. My brother cannot read the newspaper. He‘s ………………………..
3. Mr. Krimmo still has that …………………………………. car. I don‘t think he will get rid of it.
4. ……………………………………..machines are necessary for working women.
5. We usually study in ……………………………………………… places.
6. We stayed in a ……………………………………….. hotel.
7. My father has just bought a ………………….………..………..car.
8. That market sells …………………………..…….. clothes and machines.
9. Salwa has got a …………………….……job. She works three hours a day on Monday and Saturday.
10. My friend is…………………………………….. He can buy an expensive car.
D. Write sentences with compound adjectives.
1 ……………………………………………………………………………………..……
2 ……………………………………………………………………………….………….

7

UNIT 2

CULTURAL ISSUES AND VALUES

Date:……………………………
GRAMMAR
………………………………………………………………..
A. ………………………………..
1. Form: .........................................................................................................
2. Use: .........................................................................................................................................................
3. Example:…………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………
4. The past perfect simple is used with the following time expressions:
................................................................................................
B. Put the verbs in brackets into the simple past or past perfect
1. I ………………………. (worry) a lot about her before I ……………….. (hear) that she was safe.
2. She ……………. ……………….. (just /fold) the pink apron and placed it in a table drawer when
the door …………………………… (open) and Joe ………………. (enter).
3. The police wanted to know why he …………………………….. (bring) a gun to school.
4. After he ………………………………. (work) at the hospital for two years he ………….. (decide)
to give up the job.
5.When I ………………………. (arrive) at the party John ……………. ……….. (already/ go) home.
6. I ……………………………….. (buy) a new camera before I …………………. (go) to London.
7. Adnan wondered why I …………………………………………. (not / visit) him before.
8. She ………………………………….. (just / go) out when I called her.
C. The past perfect ..............................:
1.Form: .........................................................................................................
2.Use: - .....................................................................................................................................................
3.Example:
The doctor arrived at 6 o‘clock. I ........................................................ since 3:00
They had been looking for a house for six months before they found one.
4.………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………
Rick‘s eyes were red because she had been crying all the afternoon.
Tom was tired because he had been running.
5.The past perfect continuous is used with the following time expressions: .........................................
D. Put the verbs in brackets into the right form ( past perfect simple or continuous)
1. Sara was exhausted. She (wash) ………………..……..the dishes for more than three hours.
2. We (walk) ………………………….for several hours before we reached the summit of the
mountain.
3. Mary decided to buy a new watch with the money her father (give)…………………her for her
birthday.
4. Saliha (watch) …………………………………..her favourite TV program when the light went off.
5. The children( already/go)……………………………….to bed when their mother came from work.
E. Write sentences that contain past perfect simple and past perfect continuous.
……………….………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………….………………………………………………………………………………………………

8

UNIT 2

CULTURAL ISSUES AND VALUES

Date: ……………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

A. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
B. Read the dialogue and fill in the table with appropriate expressions
Samir: Good morning, Mr. Taylor!
Mr.Taylor: Good morning. Please have a seat. Can I help you?
Samir: Yes, Mr.Taylor. I‘d like to talk to you about an embarrassing experience I had this weekend.
Mr. Taylor: An embarrassing experience? What do you mean?
Samir: Well, I was invited by a friend of mine for dinner. His family was really nice and hospitable.
But then something happened which made them stare at me.
Mr. Taylor: stare at you? I don‘t quite follow you. Could you be more explicit?
Samir: Well, actually, they didn‘t seem to like my burping.
Mr.Taylor: Oh my dear, do you mean you burped during the meal? That‘s culturally inappropriate.
Samir: What do you mean by culturally inappropriate?
Mr.Taylor: Well, what I‘m trying to say is that what you did is not acceptable in our society. It‘s evensorry to say the word – disgusting.
Samir: Oh dear! But I was taught in my family to thank God whenever I burp.
Mr.Taylor: Really? In that case, all you‘ve got to do is explain the matter to your friend.
Samir: Thanks, Mr.Taylor.
Mr.Taylor: You‘re welcome.
Expressing lack of understanding
....................................................................
.....................................................................
.....................................................................
...................................................................
...................................................................
..................................................................

Asking for clarification
..............................................................................
....................................................................................
....................................................................................
...................................................................................
.................................................................................
...............................................................................

C. Add more expressions to the table.
D. Respond to the following situations; make sure you use the expressions in the chart above.
Situation 2

Situation 1

A: you are an English teacher trying to
explain the meaning of a word.
B: you are a student who doesn‘t
understand and wants more
clarification.

A: you are a foreigner who wants to
know why people take off their
shoes when going into the mosque.
B: you explain to him the reason why this
should be done.

Foreigner:………………………………...……… ….
……………………………..
You ……………………………………………..

Teacher:…………..………................…….......
……………………………………..
Student :………………………………………

E.E. Write your own sentences of expressing lack of understanding and asking for clarification.
UNIT 2 CULTURAL ISSUES AND VALUES
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

9

UNIT 2

CULTURAL ISSUES AND VALUES

Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

Cheating is considered as the worst behavior in school since it has many consequences on students.
First, students who cheat never learn or acquire new knowledge and information. This means that they
lose the ability to think effectively or creatively. Second, students who cheat get marks that they don‘t
deserve. In this way, they can be penalized or even expelled from school. Third, cheaters always depend
on others; so, they lose their sense of responsibility and become lazy. This bad habit can develop in all
their aspects of life and affect them negatively. To conclude, students should be aware of the negative
effects of cheating in order to succeed in both their educational and personal lives.
A.
1.
2.
3.
B.

Read the paragraph and answer the following questions:
What is the topic sentence?.........................................................................................
What are the supporting sentences?........................................................................................
What is the concluding sentence?..................................................................................................
Complete the following paragraph
Dropping out from school is a big phenomenon that has many causes.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………….. To sum up, in order to help students
continue their studies, their families, government and associations should cooperate to stop this problem.
C.
o
o
o
o
o

Write a paragraph about the causes of illiteracy, the following ideas can help you
Poverty (not being able to afford school materials….etc)
Lack of schools, teachers…..etc
Lack of means of transportation (in the countryside)
Dropping out from school
Parents‘ mentality
Date: ......................................
LEARNER TRAINING

Autonomous Learning

The term autonomous learning is used when learners are handed over responsibility and ownership total or partial-of many processes. Learner autonomy involves …
 learning in which a learner or group of learners study entirely on their own, possibly
during a part or parts of a course, without direct( or too much) intervention from a tutor;
 learning in which all or some of the objectives are either determined by learners, or
initiated by the teacher;
 learning which involves learners in taking decisions about what they learn(content), how
they learn(method), and when they learn;
 learning which leads learners to become more reflective and more concerned with their
own self-assessment;
 learning whose capacity and motivation is not necessarily inborn;
 different socio-cultural contexts which dictate different or at times idiosyncratic ways for
dealing with the promotion of learner autonomy.
As stated above, the ability to take charge of one’s own learning includes the ability to assess that
learning, both to evaluate its effectiveness and trigger further learning.
10

UNIT 3

GIFTS OF YOUTH

Date:………………..

UNIT 3

VOCABULARY

.........................................................

A. Complete the cross word puzzle with the right words from the list.
Rebellious; vigorous; old-fashioned; intolerant; imaginative; strong-headed; creative; thoughtless; severe;
adventurous; bossy; careless; innovative; immature; talented; ambitious; untidy; disobedient;
undemocratic; enthusiastic; obstinate; adventurous; mean; nosy; audacious; authoritarian;

B. classify the above words according to the table:
The positive characteristics
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
……………………………….…………..…

The negative characteristics
…………….…………………………………..
……………..………………………………….
……………..………………………………….
……………..………………………………….
…………………………………………………

11

UNIT 3

GIFTS OF YOUTH

Date: …………………………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

A. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………
B. A client complains about a hotel room. Fill in the gaps with the missing words.
Anything Talk isn‘t

Dirty

Complaints Chambermaids

Forgot

back Possible

time

Guest: Excuse me, can I1) ……………….…. to the manager?
Receptionist: I‘m afraid he 2)……………in. Is3) ………………… wrong, Madame?
Guest: Yes, there is. We have many 4)…………………………….. about the room.
Receptionist: What‘s the problem?
Guest: Well, the bedroom is very 5) ………. and it smells bad. When was the last 6)……… you cleaned
the room?
Receptionist: Well, our 6)…………………………. clean the rooms every day.
Guest:Well, I think they8….…......to clean our room, and I‘m not going to stay there. I want my
money…
Receptionist: I‘m afraid that won‘t be……………………….
Guest: What?
C. Classify the following expressions in the table below :
1) Oh! I‘m sorry about that. 2) I have got a bit of problem here, you see…… 3)I am afraid I have to
make a serious complaint, 4) Oh dear, I am so sorry 5)I‘m afraid there‘s nothing we can do about it
actually. 6) I just don‘t know how to say it but… 7) Look, I‘m not really satisfied with the way you……
8)I am angry about……..9) I can‘t tell you how sorry I am! 10)I am sorry to have to say this, but……11)
Oh, I‘m awfully sorry. 12) Sorry to bother you, but……..
Making a complaint
……………………………
………………………….………
…………………………………
………………………………….
………………………….………
…………………………..………

Accepting a complaint
……………………………………
………………….…………………
……………….……………………
……………….……………………
…………………………………….
……………………………………..

Rejecting a complaint
……………………………….…
……..….……………………….
………………………………….
……..………………………….
..…….……………………….….
……..…………………………..

D. What would you say in the following situations:
1. You can‘t see the board well because there‘s no electricity in the classroom. (complain to your
teacher)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(Your teacher rejects the complaint)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. You ordered a pizza in a restaurant but it‘s not tasty (complain to the manager)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(The manager accepts the complaint)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……
E. Write your own sentences of making and responding to a complaint.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

12

UNIT 3

GIFTS OF YOUTH

Date:……………………
GRAMMAR
………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………..…………………………………………….……...
A. Complete the chart with what is missing.
………………
……………………
Meaning
1- come in
The door is open; come in!
………………
2- eat out
On Sundays, they always eat out.
……………………
3- fill in
You have to fill in the form before e-mailing it.
…………………….
4- Find out
Nobody has found out who changed my password yet.
………………….
5- give in
She shouldn't give in now that she has almost achieved success.
……………………….
6- hand in
When I had finished the test, I handed in my paper and left.
……………………..
7- hand out
The teacher handed out the test sheets at 8:00 sharp
……………………….
8- pull out
The train had pulled out before we arrived. Therefore we were late. .
B. Fill in each blank with a verb and a particle from the box. Use the verbs in the correct form.
-Verbs: knock
let
hand
come
check
-Particles: in
out
1. The little kid…………………...a loud cry when he saw a monkey in the zoo.
2. When we got to the hotel, we………………….and went up straight to our room.
3. When Rim finished her exam, she……………. her paper………and went out.
4. Jack tried everything to remove that ink spot from his shirt but it didn‘t …………………
5. The boxer ……………his opponent ……………..with a hard blow on the face.
C. Write sentences that contain phrasal verbs.
………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………

Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A. Read the following examples and determine the cause clauses and the effect ones.
1. Leila worked hard all year; therefore, she got the best grade at school.
Cause: ……………………………………………….effect: ………………………………………………
2. I couldn‘t sleep last night because I had a terrible headache.
Cause: ……………………………………………….effect: ………………………………………………
B. Read the following essay and underline all cohesive devices= linking words.
Nowadays, we see a lot of people especially students resort to taking drugs such as cocaine and
hashish. This phenomenon has been widespread in front of the doors of schools and public places. So,
what are the causes that drive these youngsters to take up drugs, what effect this can have on their health
and lives and how can we put an end to this dangerous phenomenon?
There are many reasons that push students to take up drugs .To begin with, the curiosity to experiment
new things during the period of adolescence is the major cause behind taking drugs. Moreover, the
imitation of adults leads students to take up drugs. Furthermore, peer-pressure can cause some students to
take up drugs because of the low self-esteem. Besides, some students take up drugs in order to search for
euphoric state and forget their boredom and loneliness.
Taking drugs has terrible effects on people‘s health and life. First, taking drugs leads to many
dangerous diseases like cancer, heart attack and emphysema. Not only taking drugs can cause diseases but
also it‘s a slow way to death; that is, it can shorten the life of addicted people. In addition to this, taking
drugs leaves the addicted with bad skin and breath which is why they often appear unhealthy and pale.
To sum up, there are several things that the government can do to put an end to this serious
phenomenon like prohibiting the selling of cigarettes near the educational institutions and public places.
However, in my opinion parents should play an important role in controlling their children because many
good students lead a bad direction in this crucial period; adolescence.
13

UNIT 3

GIFTS OF YOUTH

C. Answer the following questions
1. What does the essay talk about? .................................................................................
2. How many paragraphs are there? .............
3. What is the difference between the first paragraph and the last paragraph?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. What is the difference between the second paragraph and the third paragraph?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
D. Write an essay about why some students take up smoking and what effect this can have on their
lives.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
Date: ......................................
LEARNER TRAINING

Reading

A. What is Reading?
Reading means getting out of the text as near as possible to the message that has been put in by the writer.
 In order to do so, you will need to :
 Understand, interpret, meaning, sense
 Decode, decipher, identify
 Articulate, speak, pronounce etc
B. WHAT GOOD READERS DO
 Form hypotheses about the author‘s purpose for writing.
 Make predictions based on illustrations, charts and subheadings.
 Consider previous knowledge about the topic or the genre.
 Set purposes for reading.
 Establish goals of reading.
 Sort relevant and irrelevant information, organize data to find the gist, or main idea.
C. After reading:
 Reflect on what and how we have read.
 Posing questions, evaluating strategies, confirming or adjusting predictions and hypotheses.
 Writing or discussing responses, and summarizing.
 Use of metacognitive strategies after reading signals readers that thinking about their thinking is
important.
The ideas we bring to a text are just as important as the text itself.

14

DATE: …………………………………
TEST CORRECTION
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………...…………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………..............................................................
……………...……………..……………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
……................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
…...................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
…....................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
…......................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………
…..................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………….....
.....………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………….....
......………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………...
.…………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………….....
.....………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………….....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………...…
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………….....
………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………........
15

Date:…………………….

UNIT 4

READING

……………………………….

Empowering Women aims to inspire women with the courage to break free from the chains of limiting
belief patterns and societal or religious conditioning that have traditionally kept women suppressed and
unable to see their true beauty and power. There is a pertinent need to empower women and the
competitiveness of the country depends on the capability of its women who constitute more than half of
the population. This enormous contribution to the country will greatly heighten the country‘s
advancement.
Women empowerment is at a higher position today. But though women have shown their power, yet a
large number of them still have to face a lot of hurdles. So in order to bring women in the limelight, they
need to be empowered. Empowering women enhances their ability to influence the changes and create a
better society. Other than education, changes in women‘s mobility and social interactions are necessary.
Women are one of the greatest assets of our society. They are equal to men in every aspect.
Education attainment and economic participation are the key constituents in ensuring the
empowerment of women. Education is the most important thing in all spheres of activities. Without proper
education, women will not be able to fulfill their desires. Education is the tool that can help break the
pattern of gender discrimination and bring lasting change for women in developing countries. Educated
women are essential to ending gender bias, starting by reducing the poverty that makes discrimination
even worse in the developing world. The most basic skills in literacy and arithmetic open up opportunities
for better-paying jobs for women. The longer a girl is able to stay in school, the greater her chances to
pursue worthwhile employment, higher education, and a life without the hazards of extreme poverty.
By educating the women of the country, the country develops further and the women themselves gain
personal benefits.
A. Answer the following questions from the text.
1. What is the goal of empowering women?...................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………….
2. What do we need in order to empower women? ……………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. In what way education is important to the empowerment of women?
.....................................................................................................................................................................
.
B. Say whether the following statements are true or false, justify you answer.
1.A countries development depends on the empowerment of women…………………..
................................................................
2.Education of women enhances women‘s participation in social life…………
..................................................................................................................................
3. Men and women are different………………………………………………………………………
C. What do the following words refer to?
They (paragraph2):…………………
her (paragraph3):…………………..
D. Write down the main ideas of the text.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….………
…………………………………………………………………

16

UNIT 4

WOMEN AND POWER

Date:………………………………
VOCABULARY

.........................................................

……………………………………………………………………………………………………
A. Complete the following tables with the meanings of the prefixes and suffixes.
Prefixe
Example
antiAntivirus
autoAutopilot
coCopilot
disDisappear
exex-president
illegal, immoral,
il-, im-,
inconsiderate,
in-, irirresponsible
micro- Microscope
postPostmortem
pre-,
precede, project
prounUnfinished
MisMisused
ReRedo
OverOverheat

Meaning
…………….
………..…..
………………
………….…
……………….
……………….
……………..
……………..
………………
……………….
…………….
………………
……………..

Suffixe
-ance
-er, -or
-tion
-ist -yst
-ness
-ing
-ism
-ship
-ize
-ate
-ly
-able
-ful
-less
-ish

Example
Performance
Programmer,
Accumulator
Execution,
Analyst, typist
Definiteness
Multiplexing
Magnetism
Relationship
Optimize
Automate, activate
Logically
Comparable
Helpful
Helpless
Childish

Meaning
……………..
……………….
……………….
………………
……………..
……………….
………………..
………………..
…………………
............................
…………………..
…………………
…………………..
……………………
………………

B. Read the following sentences and add the right prefix or suffix to the words between parentheses.
What you're saying is 1. (relevant)………………………. to the subject we are discussing. We are not
talking about physicians. We are rather talking about the 2. (physics)………………………….that think
there are a lot of other 3.(divisions)……..……………………of the matter. It is almost 4.(rational)………
to say that the things you can't see are 5. (existent)……………………………… I don't think that famous
6. (science)……………………..is a 7.(chemistry)…………………. He is rather a 8.
(veterinary)…………
He conducts experiments on animals. He said that 9.(cooked)………………….meat is
10.(healthy)………. because it still contains dangerous fatty substances.
Some people believe that 11. (terrestrial)………………………….beings exist and they come to earth
on some sort of 12.(sonic) ………………… crafts with 13.(ordinary)…………………………shapes and
speed. I think we are (developed) in comparison to them. However, there are some people who still think
they are just a 14. (natural) ………………………… phenomenon.
Date:……………………………………
GRAMMAR

……………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Tense
Subjec
t

Verb

Object

To be

Object

Past participle

17

(By subject)

UNIT 4

WOMEN AND POWER

A. We use the passive voice:
1.when the subject ( doer of the action) in the active sentence is:
a. not known
e.g. Active: someone broke the window last night. Passive: ......................................................................
b. not important
e.g. Active: the company will publish the new novel. Passive: ....................................................................
2. When the action is more important than the person who does it.
e.g. Active : the teachers organized the English Olympics in our school.
Passive:...............................................................................................................
B. To change a sentence from active to passive, the following changes take place:
1.The subject is always deleted in the passive sentence when it is one of the following: people, one,
someone, somebody, and they….
2. Object pronouns (me, you, him, etc) change to subject pronouns (............................. etc) in the passive.
Active: They arrested him. Passive: ................................................................
3. Verbs that take two objects such as: send, offer, give… can have two passive forms.
Active: The little kid gave Laura some flowers.
Passive: ........................................................................ / ..........................................................................
4. The verbs think, believe, say, know……., Are used in the passive form as in the example:
Active: people believe that he lied in the court.
Passive: ......................................................................./ ............................................................................
C. The passive form with different tenses.
Tense
Active
Passive
Present simple
help
1. is/ are+ past participle; is/are helped
Past simple
helped
2. …………………………………………….
Present perfect
has help
3………………………..….………………..
Future
had help
4…………………………..…………………
Present continuous
is helping
5………………………….………………….
Past continuous
was helping
6……………………………………………..
Present perfect
has helped
7……………………………………………..
Past perfect
had helped
8……………………………………………..
Future continuous
will be helping
9……………………………………………..
Modal verb
modal help
10……………………………………………..
D. Rewrite the following sentences using the passive.
1- When we got to the airport, we found that they had cancelled our flight.
When we got to the airport, we found……………………………………………………………..
2- They offered Mary the job but she refused it.
Mary………………………………………………………./……………………………………………….
3- There is somebody walking behind us. I think he is following us.
There is somebody walking behind us. I think……………………………………………………………
4- They didn‘t tell me what I should exactly do.
I …………………………………………………………………..
5- The police stopped me while I was driving home.
I ……………………………………………………………………
E. Re-write the following sentences beginning with the words given.
1- Most scientists believe that current environmental catastrophes are due to global climate changes.
It is………………………………………………………………………………….
2- Most activists believe that community service plays an important role in alleviating poverty.
Community service………………………………………………………………………………
3- Economists say that without advanced information and communication technology, we can‘t become
competitive.
18

UNIT 4
WOMEN AND POWER
It is said………………………………………………………………………………………
4- Some people think that extraterrestrials visit our planet from time to time.
Extraterrestrials………………………………………………………………………………….

Date: …………………………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
A. Read the following dialogue and underline the expressions of ………………………………..
Barbara: I was waiting for you in the coffee shop but you didn‘t come.
Steve: I‘m awfully sorry, darling. I really forgot it.
Barbara: Don‘t worry about it.
Steve: Another time perhaps.
B. Fill in the chart bellow with the following expressions:
Excuse me - please accept my apologies - that‘s ok - I beg your pardon
- I am sorry
It doesn‘t matter
-forget about itIt is ok, let‘s forget all about it
- Never mind
I really don‘t know what to say, I am sorry.
Don‘t worry about it
I do apologisethat‘s alright - no problem
I am awfully sorry
Apologising
……………………………………………………
………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………..
………………………………………..

Accepting apologies
………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………..
………………………………………..

C. Read the following situations, then use appropriate expression to express your apology.
Situation1: you were assigned homework to hand in to your teacher the next day; Apologies to him/
her for not being able to bring it in due time.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Situation2: you accused a classmate of taking your English textbook. After a short time, You found it
somewhere at home. Apologise to him/her.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Situation3: you had an appointment with some friends but you didn‘t arrive on time. Express your
apology.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
.
D. Write a short dialogue in which you use expressions of apologizing, and accepting apology.
…………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………..
………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………..

19

UNIT 4

WOMEN AND POWER

Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A. Parts of .................................................
Introduction:
 Paragraph 1:
 What is the general idea of the essay?
 Background information to help explain what the issue is about
 Main thesis: what you will be defending through your essay as a whole.
Body:
 Paragraph 2:
 Argument 1 that supports your thesis statement developed in a paragraph with details and supportive
examples.
 Paragraph 3:
 Argument 2 that supports your thesis statement developed in a paragraph with details and supportive
examples.
 Paragraph 4:
 Argument 3 that supports your thesis statement developed in a paragraph with details and supportive
examples.
Conclusion:
 Paragraph 5:
 Restate the Main Thesis.
 Give an indication to how the thesis was argued for.
B. Determine the above parts in the following example
Cell phones nowadays are astonishing. They become extremely sophisticated as they have
incredibly improved in terms of size, options and connectivity.
Unlike the old cell phone generation, the new cell phone is different in shape. It has become
smaller, thinner and lighter. For instance, you can slip it in your shirt pocket and nobody could even notice
it's there. Another remarkable thing about it is that no antenna is needed anymore. Despite its small size, it
has a huge storing capacity. You can add extra memory cards to store large files like photos, music or
videos.
As for options and functions, the new cell phone offers a multitude of facilities like sending and
receiving short messages besides making multi-calls wherever you are and whenever you want. You can
associate every call number with a different sound or alert. Furthermore you can make it vibrate instead of
ringing. The power of this tiny device is its ability to allow you to chat, to listen to music, to play games
and to take photos. You can even use it as an alarm clock.
Connectivity, on the other hand, makes this generation of mobile phones quite special. It makes
accessibility to Internet easy. Moreover, you can connect it to various devices (with or without a cable),
like to a computer for example so as to upload or download photos, wallpapers, screen-servers, videos,
games, themes, melodies, ring tones, mp3 files and so on. Most importantly, you can use infra-red or
Bluetooth functions for the same reasons. Bluetooth and infrared are two wireless protocols capable of
connecting cell phones to a laptop or other mobile phones.
All in all, mobile phones are still under rigorous ameliorations and their future utilities will surely
be promising and more surprising. The next generation of cell phones will certainly be exceptional and
will amaze us greatly.
C. In your exercise notebook, write your own argumentative essay; check the following points.
1. Is the introduction interesting?
2. Do the paragraphs have a unity? Do they complement each other?
3. Are the ideas supported appropriately? Do they contain examples and details?
4. Are the transitions used correctly?
5. Does the conclusion include a summary?
Check also the following points.
1. Spelling mistakes.
3. Grammar mistakes or wrong tenses.
20

UNIT 4

WOMEN AND POWER

2. Punctuation mistakes.
4. Copy down your essay.
.……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………
UNIT 5
Date:………………………
.

READING

……………………………….

Science:………………………………………………………………………………………………….
Technology:………………………………………………………………………………………………
A. Complete the following word-web with as many words as you can.
………………….

communication
…………………….

……………………
.
…………………..

……………….
TECHNOLOGY

…………………..

Cell phone

……………………

………………….

Technology deals with human usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species‘
ability to control and adapt to its natural environment. The word technology comes from the Greek
technologia ─ téchnё, ‗craft‘ and –logia- the study of something, or the branch of knowledge of a
discipline. A strict definition is elusive and vague; technology can refer to material objects of use to
humanity, such as machines, but can also comprise different themes, including systems, methods of
21

UNIT 5 ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

organisation, and techniques. The term can either be applied generally or to specific areas: examples
include ―construction technology,‖ ―medical technology‖, or ―state-of-the-art technology‖.
The human species‘ use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple
tools. The pre-historical discovery of the ability to control fire increased the available sources of food, and
the invention of the wheel* helped humans in travelling in and controlling their environment. Recent
technological developments, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened
physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale. However, not
all technology has been used for peaceful purposes; the development of weapons of ever-increasing
destructive power has progressed throughout history, from clubs to nuclear weapons.
Technology has affected society and its surroundings in a number of ways. In many societies,
technology has helped develop more advanced economies (including today‘s global economy) and has
allowed the rise of a prosperous and wealthy class. Many technological processes produce unwanted byproducts, such as pollution and the exhausting and diminishing of natural resources, to the detriment of the
Earth and its environment. Advances in technology often raise new and controversial moral questions
because technology implementation influences and changes the values of society. For instance, people
value more material success than the spiritual one.
Debates have arisen over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Some
movements criticise the role of technology in the modern world, arguing that it harms the environment and
isolates people; others view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human
condition.
* Wheel = ‫عجلة‬
B. What is the writer‟s attitude? Tick  the write answer.
a. The writer is in favour of technology.
b. The writer is against technology.
c. The writer is neutral.
C. Are these sentences true or false? Justify
1. We can give an exact definition to the term ―technology‖............................
.............................................................................................................................................
2. People in the past also made use of technology. ‖............................
.............................................................................................................................................
3. Technology has not always been used for human prosperity and security. ‖............................
.............................................................................................................................................
D. Answer these questions.
1. Which specific invention allowed human beings to move more easily? ‖............................
.............................................................................................................................................
2. What example does the writer give to show the impact of technology on social values? ‖.....
.......................................................................................................................................................
E. Fill in each blank with a word or an expression from the text
1. Thanks to the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, people can ……....…… more easily.
2. Pollution, and depletion of natural resources are two consequences of ……………………………….
.
F. Pick out from the text expressions or phrases which show that:
1. Technology has permitted some groups to become rich.............................................................
..........................................................................................................
2. Not all the people agree about the role of technology..................................................................
............................................................................................................
G. Find in the text words or expressions which mean the same as:
22

UNIT 5 ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
1. unclear ( parag 1)
2. reduced ( parag 2)
3. useful and advantageous ( parag 4)
H. What do the underlined words in the text refer to?
1. The term .........................
2. others .................................
I. Fill in the blanks with one of words from the list.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

a. Pre-paid
b. information
c. access
d. networking e. addicted
f. scientific
A large number of people are computer …………………they spend too much time on the internet.
The …………………….option can be more economical for cell phone users.
………………..…technology can be a valuable means of development.
The internet is an efficient way of………………………at the international level.
More sophisticated technologies are necessary for………………………experiments.
Easy………………………to the internet may back up our present educational system.
Date:…………………………………

GRAMMAR
………………………………………………………………..
By the end of Mai, we will have finished our program.
A. Form:

Subject +………………………+…………………. +…………………..
…………………………………….
Simple Past

Simple Present

…………………………………

B. Use: …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
C. Adverbials used with the future perfect.
…………………………………………………….
…………………………………………
………………………………………..
D. Put the verbs between parentheses into the right form.
1.Next week that football player (play)…………………………………….with our team for six years.
2.By 2030, our population (increase)………………………………….enormously.
3.By the beginning of June, my father (return)……………………………..to France.
4.Students (hand in)…………………………………………….their answer sheets by 6:05 p.m.
5.Scientists (possibly/develop)………………………………..a new vaccine for AIDS in ten years time.
E. Write sentences using future perfect simple.
…………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………………….
Date: …………………………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

A. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Yousra: In your opinion, which is the most significant breakthrough in technology?
John: In my opinion, the internet is the most significant one. I really can‘t do without it.
……………………………………………..……………………………………………….
B. Read the following examples and fill in the chart with the expressions of asking for and giving
opinion.
23











UNIT 5 ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
I think televised violence affects children negatively.
Do you think televised violence affects children negatively?
What do you think about cloning?
In my opinion, you have to be crazy to go sky diving!
How do you feel about school uniforms?
I don't think most children are influenced by televised violence.
I feel human cloning is wrong.
What's your opinion of people who go bungee jumping?
If you ask me, school uniforms are sometimes a good idea.

Asking for opinion
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
………………………………………………….
………………………………………………….

Giving opinion
………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
………………………………………………….
………………………………………………….

C. Add more expressions to the chart.
D. Discuss the following points with your partner. Use the expressions above (A asks for opinion, B
gives opinion)
1_ You can‘t have a happy family life and a successful career at the same time.
A-.................................................................................................................................
B-................................................................................................................................
2_ We are becoming too dependent on computers.
A-.................................................................................................
B-.......................................................................................................
3_ You will be happier if you stay unmarried.
A-.................................................................................................
B-.......................................................................................................

Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………….............................
B. The format of descriptive essay.
 INTRODUCTION: From general to specific
 PARAGRAPH 1 : We describe what we see: sight
 PARAGRAPH 2: We describe what we hear: Sound

PARAGRAPH 3: We describe what we smell: Smelling
 PARAGRAPH 4: We describe what we taste: Taste
 PARAGRAPH 5: We describe what we touch: Feeling
A school experience.
Introduction:
Among of the best souvenirs in life are school experiences which remain engraved in our memory for
the rest of our lives. They symbolize innocence, spontaneity, and adventure. This is one of the
unforgettable experiences I had when I was in my final year in primary school.
DESCRIPTION OF WHAT WE SEE: SIGHT
When I got to school, I could see crowds of students scattered in front the school entrance which
looked clean, and some students were accompanied by their parents. There was a big board inside the
24

UNIT 5 ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
school yard where the lists of the examinees were written. The teachers were grouped in front of the
headmaster office, and were dressed formally.
DESCRIPTION OF WHAT WE HEAR: SOUND
I could hear the sounds of the teachers and the headmaster slamming his office door several times. The
students were mostly silent not as usual probably because of the fear of the exam. I could hear a father
advising his son what to do and what not to do, but his son did not seem to hear him. He was certainly
absorbed in the exam, and was just nodding or shaking his head to answer his father.
DESCRITION OF WHAT WE SMELL: SMELL
When we came into the classrooms, I could smell different perfume the teachers and students were
wearing. When our teacher handed the exam papers out, I could not believe my eyes when one of the
students folded his exam paper and put it in his school bag. As soon the bell rang, he rushed out looking
very happy as though he had done well in the exam. I was really astonished and bewildered.
DESCRITION OF WHAT WE TASTE: TASTE
It was the break and students were eating the food they had brought with them. I wasn‘t hungry, so I
just tasted the sandwich my mother had prepared for me. I didn‘t enjoy eating the food because I was
thinking about the second examination.
DESCRITION OF WHAT WE TOUCH: FEELING
When we finished exam and I left, my parents were waiting for me at the school entrance. They asked
me how I took my exam, and to my surprise the classmate who put the exam paper in his pocket came
running happily towards me. He took out his exam papers which were blank with no answers on them. He
was caressing them with his fingers as if he had been feeling a cat‘s fur, and told me that he had been
looking forward to such an opportunity to own a typed paper even if it cost him to fail an exam.
C. A descriptive essay often focuses on portraying: a person, a place, a memory, an experience,or an
object.
The following adjectives are used in descriptive essays:
SIGHT: big, bright, clean, enormous, fat, high, light, short, small, square, ugly, wide…….
TOUCH: tough, cold, burning, dry, damp, dry, hairy, hot, oily, sandy, wet…
SOUND: loud, soft, silent, screaming, shouting, quiet, noisy, talkative……
TASTE: sweet, sour, bitter, salty, tasty, delicious…..
SMELL: perfumed, burnt, smelly, sweet, smelting………
D. Write about the following topic: Describe a wedding party which you attended.

25

TEST CORRECTION

Date: ......................................

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………...…………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………..............................................................
……………...……………..……………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
……................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
…...................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
…....................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………………
…......................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………
…..................................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………….....
.....………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………….....
......………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………...
.…………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………….....
.....………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………….....
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………...…
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………….....
………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………........
………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………….…....
26

Date:………………..…

UNIT6

READING

Humour, the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement
affects how we respond to life. It enhances the quality of life and may relieve the body from so many
health problems. In fact, humans are the only creatures on earth that are endowed with the ability to laugh.
People of all ages and cultures respond to humour. The majority of people are able to experience humour,
i.e., to be amused, to laugh or smile at something funny, and thus they are considered to have a sense of
humour. The hypothetical person lacking a sense of humour would likely find the behaviour induced by
humour to be inexplicable or strange. Though ultimately decided by personal taste, the extent to which a
person will find something humorous depends upon a host of variables, including geographical location,
culture, maturity, level of education, and intelligence and context.
Regular laughter sessions can have important effects on our health and well-being. For instance,
laughter is considered to be a stress buster and researchers found a direct link between laughter and
healthy function of blood vessels. Laughter causes the dilatation of the inner lining of blood vessels, and
increases blood flow. It also has been shown to lead to reductions in stress hormones .When laughing the
brain also releases endorphins that can relieve some physical pain. Laughter also boosts the number of
antibody-producing cells and enhances the effectiveness of T-cells and lead to a stronger immune system
and it is proved that it can help people addicted to use stress medicine.
A- Reread the text and tick the ideas mentioned in the text and justify your answers.
1. All cultures have sense of humour? ………………………………………….
2. Humour has special times and places? ………………………………………………..
3. Humour help people get along easily with other people? …………………………………….
4. Regular laughter sessions are useful for health improvement?..............................................
B- Answer these questions from the text.
1- How do people who lack sense of humour think of funny people?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………..
2- What are the variables that are considered so as people would find something humorous?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………
3 - In what sense humour is important to improve our health?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………..
C- List the benefits of humour for health that are mentioned in the text.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
Date:………………………………
VOCABULARY
......................................
A. Complete the table with necessary information
Word

Make/Do

Explanation

Example
We make birdhouses every winter.
The pupils make a lot of noise in the break.
She makes me happy.

Make

.............................................................

Do

................................................................ They do their homework in the afternoon.
........................................
I often do the shopping in the evenings.
27

UNIT 6

HUMOUR

B. Make collocations with MAKE or DO using the following list.
1.a mess 2. a mistake 3. the housework 4. the beds 5. noise 6. a wish 7. A test 8. A promise
9. a job 10. someone a favour 11. a speech 12. the shopping 13. harm 14. a telephone call 15. your
hair
Make
Do
................................................................................. ................................................................................
................................................................................. ................................................................................
................................................................................. ................................................................................
..............................................
..............................................
C. Add more items to the table above.
D. Fill in each space with collocations from the table. Make sure you write the verbs in the correct
form and tense.
1. We‘ve practically run out of everything in the kitchen. I have to ........................................this
afternoon.
2. Will you................me .............................please? take this letter to the post office.
3. The kids have to learn to ...................their...........................before they go to school.
4. I‘ve got to .............................for my boss‘s farewell party.
5. The little kid ................................................before blowing off the birthday cake candles.
E. Write sentences with DO and MAKE.
1. ........................................................................................................................
2. ......................................................................................................................
Date:……………………………………
GRAMMAR
.....................................
………………………………………………………………..
1. Salima
failed the exam.
2. Salima did not revise her lessons.
A. Combine the two sentences using appropriate linking word.
......................................................................................................
B. Rewrite the sentence as indicated.
FORM
1, If ......................................................,.................................................................
2, ...................................................................if ..........................................................
C. Complete the rule bellow according to the above sentences.
1,if.....................................+.....................................................
2, ...........................................+if+.......................................
D. USE:....................................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................................
E. Rewrite the following sentences using conditional type three.
1. Kamal crashed his car, because he fell asleep while driving.
If he .................................................asleep while driving, he....................................................his car.
He ....................................................his car if he......................................asleep while driving.
2. We couldn‘t go to the concert, because we didn‘t have enough money.
If we.............................................enough money, we.......................................................to the concert.
3. I lost my job because I was always late for work.
I .............................................................my job if I ...................................................late for work.
4. The wind was so strong that the bridge collapsed.
If the wind..................................................so strong, the bridge....................................................
5. I couldn‘t call Sally because I had lost her number.
I...............................................Sally if I ............................................................her number.
F. Write sentences using conditional type three.
................................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................................
28

UNIT 6

HUMOUR

Date: …………………………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

A. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………
B. What do the following people express?
Aziza: In my opinion, chatting is a complete waste of time and energy. (………………………)
Badr: I totally agree with you.(………………………………)
Kamal: I disagree with you because chatting allows us to maintain our relationships
(……...……………)
C. Classify the following expressions according to the table below.
-1. I don't agree with you -2 You're absolutely right-3 I agree with you -4 I think you’re wrong -5 Well,
I 've never thought about it that way -6 Yes , you're right ,but….- 7 I disagree with you -8 I'm not sure I
agree with you -9 That's true, but...-10
you're right-11 You're right about that-12 I'm afraid I can't
UNIT 6 I think
HUMOUR
agree with you –13 I agree with this opinion.
agreeing
…………………………………..
…………………………………
…………………………………
…………………………………
…………………………………..

Disagreeing
…………………………………..
…………………………………
…………………………………
…………………………………
…………………………………..

Partly agreeing
…………………………………..
…………………………………
…………………………………
…………………………………
…………………………………..

D. With your partner, discuss the following situations using the expressions in the table above.
1.
There is too much violence on TV.
Amal: ………………………………………….…………………………….. (give opinion)
Badr: ………………………………………………………………………… (agree with the opinion)
2.
Students have to be responsible for their own learning.
Afaf: …………………………………………………………………………… (give opinion)
Brek: ……………………………………………………………………… (disagree with the opinion)
E. Discuss your own situation using expressions of agreeing and disagreeing:
…………………………………………………………………….……………………………….…………
………………………………………………………………….……
………………………………………………………….………………………………………..……………
……………………………………..………………………………
Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A. Study the following parts of the letter.
HEADING: Includes the address and the date.
GREETING: The greeting usually starts with 'Dear' and is followed by the person's name and then a
comma.
BODY: After skipping a line, you begin the body of your letter which is the main text of your letter.
Indent for each new paragraph.
CLOSING: The closing includes a short capitalized expression such as 'Sincerely' or 'Love' and is
followed by a comma. Skip a line after the body before writing your closing.
SIGNATURE: You sign your name beginning directly below the closing.
B. Rearrange the following components of a letter appropriately.

29

UNIT 6

HUMOUR

1) I‘ve been thinking about the point you mentioned in your last letter. I found out that most
of the students in our school are in the same situation. They are computer addicts, too. Some of
them have tried to change this habit but they can‘t.
2) Dear Jane,
3) Please tell me what you think in your next letter. I must close now.
4) Write soon!
5) I was happy to get you letter. I ‗m sorry I didn‘t write earlier. I have been busy these days.
6) Best Wishes, Ilham
7) I think you need to think about this problem. Why don‘t you think of doing something else?
Reading, for example: this would certainly divert your attention from those never-ending chats.
8) 10, Mohammed V Street, Tiznit
9) Thank God I‘m not one of them. It is not because I don‘t like to use the computer, but
because we have got only one at home. All the members of my family use it; which means I have
very limited time left for me; just enough for checking my e-mails or doing my homework. Did
you say the cybercafé? No way. My father wouldn‘t think of any of us going there.
.....................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................

PROJECT WORK

How to Give a Short Class Presentation Competently

How you carry yourself when you are giving your presentation is just as important as all that work you put
into researching for it. A presentation is 2 parts: information and show. You get the information together,
and here's how you do the show:
• Speak loudly but do not yell.
• Speak slowly and clearly.
• Smile, maintain good posture, and make eye contact with audience.
• Be succinct: keep your presentation simple but make your words count.
• Be engaging. How can your audience be interested in your presentation if you aren‘t?
• Vary your tone, don‘t ―read‖ your script; even if you are actually reading it, it doesn‘t have to sound that
way.
• If you mention a foreign word, put it on a slide – some people will not really understand a new word
without seeing it too.
• Likewise, if you come across a word you are unfamiliar with, look up the pronunciation or ask a
professor/teacher/sage before you make a fool of yourself. Another solution would be to replace the
difficult word with a synonym. (Example: change ―prevalent‖ to ―common,‖ etc.)
• Do not turn your back on your audience; it is extremely rude. ESPECIALLY do not go to the computer
where your slides are loaded, stay there, and read from the computer without ever looking at your
audience.
• Dress professionally when giving your presentation – like you would for a job interview. (Examples of
what not to wear include shorts, flip-flops, a black bra under a white shirt, etc.)
• Don't step back and forth, pace, or dance a jig out of nervousness when you're presenting. At best it
makes you look silly, at worst it makes your audience seasick.
30

Date:………………………

UNIT7

A. Complete the following word-web with any of the words that you think are related to the word
“citizenship”.
B.
…………………...………..

……………………...………..

………………...………..
……………………………..

…………………...………..

……………...………..

………….……….…..

Citizenship
………………...………..

………………...………..

………………...………..

………………...………..
……………………...………..

………………….…………………………………….
……………….……………………………………….
READING

Citizenship covers knowledge, understanding and skills about many different aspects of life. It
provides opportunities for you to learn about your rights and responsibilities, government, communities
and identity.
Surprisingly, few people know very little about government or what local councils do. The same can also
be said for understanding what your rights are. There are many ways that we look at ourselves as citizens
and each involves different aspects of our lives.
We all have rights, but it‘s important to remember that we have responsibilities too.
Responsibilities can be legal, such as paying taxes, or moral. Something that is moral is the right or correct
thing to do, though we are obliged to do it by law. For example, dropping litter or spitting in the street. No
one will arrest you for that, but the street will be dirty through this misbehaviour.
Wherever there are rights, responsibilities exist. If you have the right to education, someone has
the obligation to provide it for you. But you have the responsibility not to disrupt lessons and prevent your
classmates from their right to education.
Back in the 1940‘s, after World War II, the UN made a list of rights that everybody should have.
The Universal declaration of Human Rights ( UDHR ) is generally agreed to be standard for all people. It
is also the basis for other human rights legislation, such as the European Convention on Human Rights
and The UN convention on the rights of the child.
If you feel your rights are violated by a public authority, such as a local council, the police, a
hospital, etc…, you can go to the court.
A. Are these statements true or false? Justify.
1. Citizenship involves only responsibilities towards your community.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. The UN convention on the rights of the child was adopted after the UDHR.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
B. Answer these questions.
1. How many types of obligations are there? What are they?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
31

UNIT 7
CITIZENSHIP
2. What should be done if someone‘s rights are not respected?
...................................................................................................................................................................
C. Complete these sentences according to the text.
1. Rights always go together with……………...................................................................…..
2. One of the students‘ obligations is …………………………………………………………
D. Find in the text words meaning the same as.
1. Chances: ( paragraph 1 ) ………….....……….
2. Bad conduct: ( paragraph 3 ) …………………
3. Not respected: ( paragraph 5 )..........................
E. What do the underlined words in the text refer to ?
1. that (para2): ……………………
2. It(para3): ……………………
Date:………………………………

VOCABULARY
.........................................................
A. ..........................................................................................................................................................
1. ―I am all ears” means ......................................................
2. Let‘s ―keep in touch‖ .............................................................
B. Read the sentences carefully and try to figure out the meaning of the underlined idiomatic
expressions.
Advantages and disadvantages - what do you mean? - very easy - be in somebody‘s position - good
and bad things – confused - very successfully – heavily - a lot of money - a very long time – bored – seize
all opportunities – suffer from consequences of something – certain of getting something – not
successful(=bad at sth) – small and not important things. Learn much in a short timeExamples
Meaning
1. Ali is a smart student. The BAC is in his bag.
..............................................................
2. The last English quiz was a piece of cake.
.............................................................
3. Television has pros and cons.
..............................................................
4. If I were in your shoes, I‘d work hard this year to get my Bac. ..............................................................
5. Jack is good at languages but in science he‘s a dead loss.
..............................................................
6. He gave up drinking wine that‘s why he‘s going cold turkey.
..............................................................
7. I haven‘t‘ seen my family in donkey’s years.
..............................................................
8. The house costs us arms and legs.
.............................................................
9. It was raining cats and dogs.
..............................................................
10. The thief took everything and left just the odds and ends.
..............................................................
11.life is full of ups and downs
..............................................................
12.I passed the BAC exam with flying colours.
..............................................................
13. when looking for a job, don‘t let any opportunity slip
..............................................................
through your finger
14. I don‘t know to organise this work. I am at sixes and sevens. ..............................................................
15. I am fed up with hearing the same comments of my dad
..............................................................
everyday
16. I don‘t get your idea. What are you driving at?
..............................................................
17. I did well in the test because I was cramming for it.
..............................................................
B. Fill in each blank with the right idiomatic expressions from the list
a piece of cake b. pros and cons c. fed up with d. what are you driving at?
f. dead loss
g. with flying colours h. ups and downs
i. odds and ends

e. in the bag
j. go cold turkey

1…………………………………….…….? I didn‘t really get your message.
2. Business is like the weather. You know, in business there are always…………………………..
3. My younger brother is completely a………………………in Mathematics because he always needs
my help.
4. The last match against Kenya was……………..............…for the national team. They scored 3 goals
in the Kenyan goalkeeper.
32

UNIT 7
CITIZENSHIP
5. He was so addicted to alcohol but these days he‘s.........................................................because he
gave up drinking suddenly.
6. Globalisation is a two-edged sword. It has…………………………………………….
7. I am …………………………..doing the same thing every day. It‘s really killing me.
8. They prepared well for the exam that‘s why they passed it…………………………………..
9. The criminal took all the important documents and left just……………………………………..
10. The exam was ...............................

Date:……………………………………
GRAMMAR

……………………………………………………..

A. ......................................................................................................................................................
Ikram said: ―my hobby is reading stories‖.
............................................................................
B. When reporting a direct speech, the following changes take place:
the quotation marks (― ‖)are deleted :
The student said ―the test is difficult.‖  .......................................................................
personal pronouns, possessive adjectives/possessive pronouns
e.g.: ―I did my homework myself‖ ..........................................................................................
Time expressions
Time expressions
Verb tenses
Will
…………
Present
……………….
Can
…………
am/ is
……………….
Shall
….............
are
……………….
Must
………….
have/ has
……………….
Now
………….
do/does
……………….
today
…………..
live/ lives
……………….
Yesterday
………..
take/ takes
……………….
Tomorrow
………
Past
……………….
Last
………….
was/were
……………….
Next
…………..
live
……………….
Here
………….
took
……………….
This
………..
Had
……………….
These
…………
Past Perfect
……………….
Last year
………..
had been
……………….
C. Reporting questions:
- When the direct speech begins with a question word (who, where, when, how old, why what, etc.), the
reported question is introduced with the same question word.
- When the direct question begins with an auxiliary (is, do, have) or a modal verb (can, May, etc.). Then
the reported question begins with If.
Examples:
―Why do you want to leave your job?‖ Maria asked me. ………………………………….……………
―Do you like rock music?‖ he asked us.  .................................................................................................
―Can you drive a car?‖ Hassan asked his cousin.  ..............................................................................
C. -To report commands, instructions, requests, suggestions etc. we use an appropriate reporting verb
(ask, order, beg, suggest, etc.) and to infinitive, -ing form or that-clause depending on the reporting verb.
―Stop the car‖ the policeman ordered me ........................................................................................
―You should revise all your lessons before the exam‖...........................................................................
―Why don‘t we visit the Assa Palace this weekend‖ ..............................................................................
D. Report the following sentences as suggested.
1.―I‘ll buy you a new scooter if your school results are better‖.
The father told his son…………………………………………………………………………
33

UNIT 7
CITIZENSHIP
2.―I‘ll teach you how to create a web page.‖
Sallah offered to……………………………………………………………………………….
3.―I can‘t remember how much I paid for this computer‖.
Sarah told me…………………………………………………………………………………..
4.―Where have you been? We‘ve been looking for you for hours‖.
My friend asked me…………………………………………………………………………….
5.―I met Sally at the super-market this morning‖.
Peter said……………………………………………………………………………………….

E. Report the following sentences using one of the reporting verbs from the list below.
suggest
admit promise threaten
complain
1. ―Why don‘t you think of finding another job?‖
Bob‘s friend………………………………………………………………….
2. ―I‘ll take you out for dinner if you behave yourselves.‖
The children‘s mother ……………………………………………………………..
3. ―Our next door neighbours are always having parties.
Susan‘s colleague ……………………………………………………………….
4. ―If you don‘t stop this noise, I‘ll call the police.‖
The neighbor…………………………………………………………………….
5. ―Well, to tell the truth it was my fault.‖
Adam ……………………………………………………………………………..
Date: …………………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

A. Read the dialogue and say what do the underlined expressions express?
Mike: You know? Sometimes I feel sorry I went into business.
Adam: Really? Don‘t you like what you‘re doing?
Mike: Well, I get a good salary, but the job doesn‘t really interest me. I wish I hadn‘t followed my
family‘s advice. If I had gone for low, I could‘ve been a lawyer.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………..
- To express regret about a past situation, we use the following structure:
………………………………………………………………………………
Examples:
I had a bad mark in Maths last week because I didn‘t take enough time to revise my lessons.
If only I had revised my Maths lessons last week. Or I wish I had revised my lessons last week.
B. Respond to the following situations using “ if only” or “wish” to express regret.
1. You missed the bus yesterday because you didn‘t get up early.
I wish………………………………………………………………………………….…
2. Your scooter was stolen because you didn‘t lock it.
If only………………………………………………………………………………….…...
3. You went in a picnic to the mountains but you got stuck in the snow.
If only……………………………………………………………………………………….
4. You lent your iPod to your friend and he lost it.
I wish…………………………………………………………………………….…………..

34

UNIT 7

CITIZENSHIP

Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A. Study the following plan
Introduction:
Thesis statement: many Moroccan families don‘t know what to do when their children want to have
internet connection at home.
Body:
arguments for:
Argument 1: the children will get familiar with this technological tool.
Argument 2: the children will use it for educational purposes and improvement.
Argument 3: the children will spend more time at home instead of staying out.
arguments against:
Argument 1: the children will become computer addicted.
Argument 2: family ties will diminish and deteriorate.
Argument 3: the children might use the internet in a wrong way.
Conclusion
A balanced conclusion: the internet at home can affect the Moroccan children either negatively or
positively in their educational as well as personal life.
Personal point of view: having the internet at home is safe as long as it‘s controlled by the parents to
make sure it‘s used in the right way.
B. Combine the information above to write a For and Against Essay. Pay attention to punctuation
marks and use different linking words and transitions.
…………………………………………………………………………………………….………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………….
C. Write an article giving arguments for and arguments Against concerning the use of mobile phone.

35

UNIT 7

LEARNER TRAINING

CITIZENSHIP

EVALUATE AND IMPROVE YOUR
LEARNING HABITS

A. Successful language learners
1. Find their own way, taking charge of their learning
2. Organize information about language
3. Are creative, developing a ‗feel‘ for the language by experimenting with its grammar and words
4. Make their own opportunities for practice in using the language inside and outside the classroom
5. Learn to live with uncertainty by not getting flustered and by continuing to talk or listen without
understanding every word
6. Use memory strategies to recall what has been learned
7. Make errors work for them and not against them
8. Use linguistic knowledge, including knowledge of their first language, in learning a second
language
9. Use contextual cues to help them in comprehension
10. Learn to make intelligent guesses
11. Learn chunks of language as wholes and formalized routines to help them perform ―beyond their
competence‘‘
12. Learn certain tricks that help to keep conversations going
13. Learn certain production strategies to fill in gaps in their own competence
14. Learn different styles of speech and writing and learn to vary their language according to the
formality of the situation.
Date:………………………..

UNIT8

READING
Brain drain is the departure of educated or talented persons for better pay or jobs elsewhere. The term originated
about 1960, when many British scientists and intellectuals immigrated to the United States for a better working
climate.
Economically speaking, brain drain means an emigration of trained and talented individuals ("human capital") to
other nations because of conflicts and lack of opportunity. It parallels the term "capital flight" which refers to
financial capital that is no longer invested in the country where its owner lived and earned it.
When a highly qualified professional chooses to leave his own country for another, he does so for one or several
legitimate political or economic reasons: peace and security for himself and his family, job satisfaction, better pay
and conditions, a higher standard of living, etc. Throughout history, countries and centres of academic excellence
which offer these attractions have received the largest numbers of professional migrants and these have, in turn,
made substantial contributions, not only to the economic growth of their host countries, but also to the scientific and
technological advancement of humanity. The loss of such big number of skilled immigrants results in huge losses
that are very difficult to compensate for even in long years to come. The brain drain is actually affecting the
economies and social structures of a country, especially the emerging countries that have to do everything they can
to stop this phenomenon.

It is the responsibility of both governments and individuals to try harder to stop the flow of highly
skilled people from their own countries resulting in a brain drain that affects each and every society.
A- Are these statements true or false? Justify your answer.
1- Every graduate can leave his/her country………………………………………………………...
……………………………………………………………………………………………………......
36

UNIT 8

BRAIN DRAIN

2 – Human capital and financial capital are equal…………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………......
3 – Brain drainers affect negatively their sending countries and positively their host countries...
…………………………………………………………………………………………………........
B- Answer these questions from the text
1 – What are the causes of Brain drain mentioned in the text?...........................................................
................................................................................................................................................................
2 – How do professional migrants affect their host countries?
...............................................................................................................................................................
3 – In your opinion, how can we stop brain drain?................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................................................
C- Find in the text words meaning the same as:
began:…………………………………………Beginning to develop: ……………………..........
D- What do the underlined words in the text refer to?
It: (parag 2) …………………………………These:(parag 3) ……………………………….........
E- In short, what is meant by brain drain?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………….
F- There are two types of causes of brain drain:
1.………………………: the negative factors in the home country that push skilled and educated people
to leave their country.
2.……………………: the positive factors that attract skilled and educated people to another country.
G- Fill in the following chart with the appropriate information from the list write only numbers.
1. Low wages and salaries 2. Better working conditions 3. Lack of satisfactory working conditions.
5.Social unrest, political conflicts and wars. 6. Higher wages and income 7. Declining quality of
educational system 8.Lack of research and other facilities including support staff 9. Sustainable funds
for research, advanced technology and modern facilities 10.Discrimination in appointments and
promotions 11. Unsatisfactory living conditions 12.Political stability 13. Intellectual freedom
Causes of Brain Drain
Push Factors

F.

Pull Factors

What are the negative and positive effects of brain drain?
Positive effects ………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Negative effects …………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

37

UNIT 8

BRAIN DRAIN

Date:………………………………
VOCABULARY

.........................................................

A. We use expressions of concession to link two contrasting ideas like:
Rachid was ill. Rachid went to school.
We use one of these linking words: …………………………………………………………………
B. Complete the following examples:
1. Although ……………………………..
3. In spite of ………………………………
2. Despite …………………………………
4. In spite of ………………………………
C. Study the examples above and fill in the chart with the appropriate information.
Although +……………….... despite+….………………..…. In spite of+……………………………
My friend revised his lessons. However, he failed the exam.
My friend revised his lessons. Nevertheless, he failed the exam.
My friend revised his lessons. Yet, he failed the exam.
D. Complete the following structure according to the above examples.
Nevertheless
However
+…………………………….
Yet
E. Complete the following sentences.
We make mistakes from time to time .……………………. we understand our lessons,
………………………….having worked for many years, jack can‘t buy that nice house.
…………………the increase in oil prices, people continue to travel by car.
Money doesn‘t mean happiness……………………....many people are becoming very materialistic.
F. Give example sentences with concession links.
……………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………
Date:…………………………
GRAMMAR

………………………..

A. …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
B. Complete the following charts with appropriate information.
RELATIVE
USE
EXAMPLE
PRONOUN
1.………..
……………….…………………
The man who is sitting there is my teacher.
2………….
………………………………….
The car which was stolen yesterday was mine.
……………...……………….
- They were unsuccessful which was disappointing.
3………..
4…………
5…………..

…………………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………………..
…………………………………..

This is the boy whose (his) father is my friend

……………………………………
…………………………………

I like the flower that is there.
- I like the student that respects others

Relative adverbe
6………..

Use
………………………….

7…………….
8…………….

…………………………
………………………….

The boy whom you told me about got the best grades
in English.

Example
The institution where I learn is not
far form my house.
There are times when I feel lonely.
This is the reason why you do not
work hard.

38

UNIT 8

BRAIN DRAIN

C. A subject relative pronoun ………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………
Examples:
- The apple which is lying on the table is sweet.
- The teacher who lives next door is nice.
D. An object relative pronoun ………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………..

Examples:
- The film (which) we watched yesterday was fantastic.
- The writer (who/whom) Rachid met last weekend is very famous.
E. Restrictive (identifying or defining) relative clauses………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Example:
- I know the man who is standing there.
- The novelist is someone who writes novels.
F. Object pronouns in these clauses can be omitted (dropped).
The boy (who/ whom) we met yesterday is from New York.
G. Non- restrictive ( non identifying or non-defining) relative clauses ………………………...
................................................................................................................................................................
Ayman, who is my friend, is the best student in the class.
-Objet relative pronoun cannot be omitted. ―That‖ cannot replace the pronoun in these clauses.
H. Complete the following sentences with appropriate relative pronouns
1.That man ……………. name I forgot is an artist.
2.Have you employed the man………………..I recommended to you last week.
3.The teacher asked me a question……………. was taken from a story book.
4.Bob bought the car from a man……………… was the owner of the gallery.
I. Combine the sentences using RELATIVE PRONOUNS. Decide whether the relative pronoun is
omitted or not.
1.The book was very interesting. I borrowed it from the library yesterday.
………………………………………………………………………………………….
2.The girls are my classmates. We saw them at the cinema.
………………..………………………………………………………………………..
3.Alex took the gun out of his pocket. He saw the robbers running down the street.
………………..………………………………………………………………………..
4.The flowers are still fresh. I picked them up this morning.
…………………………………………………………………………………..
5.This is Mrs. Green. Her daughter got married to a drummer.
…………………………………………………………………………………..

J. Join these sentences using suitable RELATIVE PRONOUNS decide whether the relative clause is
restrictive or non- restrictive.
39

UNIT 8

BRAIN DRAIN

1.We have a neighbour. His dog barks a lot.
………………………………………………………………………………
2.I don‘t know most of the people. You invited them for the party.
………………………………………………………………………………
3.My cousin is a journalist. Her job is interesting.
………………………………………………………………………………
4.That‘s the parcel. It came in the mail.
………………………………………………………………………………
5.Do you know the man? I asked him the address.
………………………………………………………………………………
K. Write sentences with relative pronouns.
………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………
Date: ……………………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
A. Read the dialogue and answer the question below:
Student: I‘m terrible at English and I think I should do something about it. What do you advise me to
do?
Teacher: I think you should try this website. It‘s a fantastic website for beginners.
Student: I‘ve heard about it, but what do you think I should start with?
Teacher: You‘d better start with the lessons, then the exercise.
A – What is the students‟ problem?
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
B- Read the dialogue again and underline the expressions of asking and giving advice.
C- Put these expressions in the appropriate columns:
1-What do you advise me to do? 2- What do you think I should start with? 3- I think you should try this. 4What‘s your advice? 5- If I were you, I would ….6- have you thought about….? 7- What should I do? 8- I
advise you to…. 9- you should/ought to.10- if you were me, what would you do?

Asking for advice
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………………………………………
…………………..………………………………
………………………………………

Giving advice
……………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
……………………………………………………
……………………………………………

40

UNIT 8

BRAIN DRAIN

D. What can you say to the following people? Give your advice using the expressions of giving advice
•Ali: I still have problems with my English.
You:………………………………………………………………………
•Bouchra: I spend all my time using facebook.
You: ……………………………………………………………………..
E. Work in pairs and write a dialogue where student „A‟ asks for advice and student „B‟ gives
advice:
.....................................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................................
Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A.






INTRODUCTION: From general to specific
PARAGRAPH 1: CAUSE 1 and its details
PARAGRAPH 2: CAUSE 2 and its details
PARAGRAPH 3: CAUSE 3 and its details
CONCLUSION: We sum up the points discussed in paragraph 1, 2, and 3 and we give our opinion.

B. Sample:

Why do children drop out of school?

Education plays a very important role in people‘s lives. It enhances their self esteem, their ability to
learn new things which will help them expand their knowledge, and the ability to cope with the majority
of the society. It makes them informed so that they can understand issues, represent themselves, and take
responsibility. However, a lot of children are deprived from this fundamental right by dropping out of
school due to several reasons.
The distance between school and home can be a cause for refraining from school. Children have to
walk more than 10 kilometers four times every day in order to get to school and as they can‘t afford to
buy even a bike which may facilitate this remoteness. Besides, in bad weather conditions, the roads get
muddy and when rivers flood, they get cut off several days.
Furthermore, Poverty can push students to give up studying since they can‘t pay school fees. As
parents don‘t have enough money to buy school stuffs which have become costly nowadays, they force
their children to leave school especially when they are too many.
Family problems can also be an obstacle for children to drop out of school. Parents‘
misunderstandings affect children‘s schooling. For instance, when children grow up in a family where
the mother is beaten up by the father, or where this latter is a drug addict, or where their parents are
divorced, how can they concentrate at school?
All in all, Remoteness from school, poverty, and family problems are among the reasons why
students drop out of school. Therefore, we should collaborate together so as to help these children
benefit from their basic education right and become productive citizens.
C. Complete this plan with appropriate information from the text.


INTRODUCTION:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………
41

UNIT 8

BRAIN DRAIN

CAUSE 1: ………………………………………………………………………
Details: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………....


CAUSE 2: ……………….
Details: …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..


CAUSE 3: ………………………
Details: …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
…………………………………………………………………………………………………..




CONCLUSION:
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………...
Write a cause and effect essay about ……………………………………
LEARNER TRAINING

How to Remember Well

1. Become interested in what you're learning. We're all better remembering what interests us. Few
people, for example, have a difficult time remembering the names of people they find attractive. If
you're not intrinsically interested in what you're learning or trying to remember, you must find a
way to become so. I have to admit I wasn't so good at this in medical school—the Krebs cycle (I
provide the link only to prove how immensely boring it is) just didn't excite me or relate to anything
I found even remotely exciting.
2. Find a way to leverage your visual memory. You'll be astounded by how much more this will
enable you to remember. For example, imagine you're at a party and are introduced to five people in
quick succession. How can you quickly memorize their names? Pick out a single defining visual
characteristic of each person and connect it to a visual representation of their name, preferably
through an action of some kind. For example, you can remember Mike who has large ears by
creating a mental picture of a microphone (a "mike") clearing those big ears of wax (gross, I
know—but all the more effective because of it). It requires mental effort to do this, but if you
practice you'll be surprised how quickly you can come up with creative ways to generate these
images. Here's another example: How often do you forget where you left your keys, your
sunglasses, or your wallet? The next time you put something down somewhere, pause a moment to
notice where you've placed it, and then in your mind blow it up. If you visualize the explosion in
enough detail, you won't forget where you put it. Remember: Memory is predominantly visual.
3. When reading for retention, summarize each paragraph in the margin. This requires you to
think about what you're reading, recycle it, and teach it to yourself again. Even take the concepts
you're learning and reason forward with them; apply them to imagined novel situations, which
creates more neural connections to reinforce the memory.

42

TEST CORRECTION

Date: ......................................

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………
………………………………………………………………………………………...………………………………
……………………………………………………………………...…………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………..............................................................
……………...……………..…………………………………………………………………………………..………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………...…………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………...…………
.…………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………
………….......................................................................................................................................................................
………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………..…………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….……………..…………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………..………
………...........................................................................................................................................................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...……
…………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………
………...........................................................................................................................................................................
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………
…………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………..………
………...........................................................................................................................................................................
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………
………...........................................................................................................................................................................
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………..……
…..........………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
…..........………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
…..........………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
…..........………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...
43

Date:………………………..

UNIT9

A. ……………………………………………………………….…………………………………….
…………………………………………………………….……………………………………….
READING

……………………………….

While voices are rising constantly for the protection of Planet Earth- the natural habitat of the
human race- from various ecological threats, these same voices seem to show an amazing tolerance
for a form of pollution that is a growing problem: noise. Airplane traffic is increasing by five
percent a year. Urban noise is doubling every ten years and is getting increasingly diverse as city
life becomes more dependent on technology and robotics. By air, land and sea, we are facing an
onslaught of noise that is threatening our ability to survive safely in this world.
We have granted ourselves the right to make noise. But what about our responsibilities? Have we
developed a sense of acoustic responsibility? The evidence suggests that we have not. Many people
seem to believe they have unlimited liberty to make noise with cars and motorbikes and with loud
music at home and in the street. In some countries, measures have been taken to force people to
produce less noise. In Britain, for example, a law has been passed preventing people from disturbing
their neighbors with music at night. But though these measures constitute one step towards
recognizing noise as a shared environmental concern, they still address the issue only partially and
don‘t allow for a concrete change to take place.
It is widely accepted now that we should deal with our rubbish in a responsible way; and many
people have started to demonstrate awareness of this conventional form of pollution. Noise is in
reality a particularly insidious form of rubbish. It destroys community life, pursues us into our
homes to spoil our tranquility, keeps us from sleeping and is the cause of many stress-related
illnesses, as well as hearing loss.
Our acoustic environment is property to us all. Everyone has the right to use it, but no one has
the right to abuse it. Let‘s start using it sensibly.
B. Answer these questions.
1. Why is our world becoming more difficult to live in? ………………………………………………
..............................................................................................................................................................
2. How can noise affect our lives? ……………………………………………………………
…………..................................................................................................................................................
44

UNIT 9

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

C. Are these sentences true or false? Justify.
1.Nowadays, people seem to be as concerned with acoustic pollution as they are with the other
conventional forms of pollution. ...........................................................................................
………………………………………………………....................................................................
2.British law protects people from all forms of acoustic pollution.
..............................................................................................................................................................
D. Complete the following sentences.
1. People have given themselves the right to make noise, but they have not…………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Although some countries have taken important measures that will make of noise a public
responsibility, .……………………………………………………………………………………….
E. Choose the right answer from the list given. Tick (  ) the appropriate box.
1. The level of noise produced in towns and cities
a. is less greater after every 10 years.
b. is twice as high now as it will be after ten years.
c. is twice as high now as ten years ago.
2. Many people think that
a. they have the right to use motorcycles and cars noisily.
b. motorcycles and cars are not noisy.
c. motorcycles and cars are disturbing.
F. Find in the text words or expressions that mean the same as:
1. strong attack (paragraph 1) : …………………………………………………………..
2. dangerous (paragraph 2) : ………………………………………………………………
3. to use in an improper manner (paragraph 4) : ………………………………………….
G. Fill in this table with appropriate form for each word.
Verb
Adjective
1. develop
………………………………
2……………………………
Sustainable
3…………………………
Populated
4……………………………
………………………………….
5.prosper
………………………………
6…………………………….
……………………………….
7……………………………
Determined
8.impoverish
……………………………….
9…………………………….
…………………………..
10.interconnect
…………………………….

Noun
…………………………….
……………………………
…………………………….
Pollution
………………………………
Interdependency
…………………………..
………………………………
Destruction
……………………………..
Date:…………………………

VOCABULARY

.........................................................

A. What do the following sentences express?
1.The man run away like the wind
…………………
2.Time is money
…………..
45

UNIT 9

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

3.A simile ……………………………………………………………………
4.A metaphor ………………………………………………………………………
B. Identify whether the following sentences are similes or metaphors.
1. ……………. ―Juliet is the sun‖. (Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet)
2.……………. Mary was showered with gifts for her birthday.
3.……………..Mr. Smith‘s wealth is the fruit of hard work and long experience.
4.…………….―My love is like a red, red rose.‖(Robert Burns, a British poet)
5.………………―And I‘ve been working like a dog‖ (Lennon and McCartney, British singer)
6.…………The little kid was as quiet as a mouse while his mother was doing the housework.
7. …….……..Health is a crown on man‘s head which no one can see but the sick man. (a proverb)
C. Write some examples of similes and metaphors.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Date: ……………………..
COMMUNICATION
…………………………………………………………………………………….

A. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
Read the dialogue and fill in the chart with the right expressions.
Beth: Hi Jane !
Jane: Hi Beth! The New Year vacation is coming, where are you going to spend your holiday?
Beth: I have not decided yet! But, I might go to Morocco. I‘m not sure.
Jane: That‘s great Beth.
Beth: A lot of tourists visit Morocco every year; Hundreds of thousands.
Jane: Oh I see! I‘ m sure Morocco is a wonderful country.
Certainty
Uncertainty
…………………..………………..………
………………..………..………………………
……………………………………..……...
……………….………………………………...
…………………………………….............
……………….…………………………...........
…………………..…………….….………
………………..………..………………………
……………………………………..……...
……………….………………………………...
……………………………………..............
……………….…………………………...........
B.Add the following adverbs to the table above.
Absolutely, Actually/ Allegedly/ Apparently/ Positively/ Unmistakably/ Surely/ Seemingly/
Reportedly/ Possibly/ Supposedly/ Probably/ Hypothetically/ Doubtfully Definitely/ Presumably/
Invariably/ Obviously/ Purportedly/ Certainly/ Hopefully/ Evidently/ Clearly/ Perhaps/ Theoretically/
Undeniably/ Undoubtedly/ Unquestionably.
C. What do the following speakers express? Certainty, uncertainty, probability, or asking for opinion.
1. Ghizlan : do you think the measures taken to solve these social problems may lead to good
results? ………………..….
2. Chakib: I‘m uncertain about that because some measures aren‘t clear for me to expect any
improvement…………………
5. Green peace representative: world climate changes might lead to serious economic and social
problems in our continent…………………………
6. A minister to journalists: I do believe that our negotiations will yield good results in the few coming
months………………………..
46

UNIT 9

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

D. What would you say in the following situations?
S1 the problem of unemployment in Morocco will be solved completely in a few years.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
S2 sustainable development is not just a dream for some economists, but a reality if we join our efforts.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
F. Write your own sentences using expressions of certainty and uncertainty.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Date:……………………………
GRAMMAR
………………………………………..
1. A. What do the following sentences express?
1. Ali has a lot of cars and villas (present sentence).
a. Ali must be rich…………………………………………………….
b.Ali can‘t be poor………………………………………………….
c. Ali may/ might/ could be happy…………………………………………….
Form:………………………………………….
2.Ali had a lot of cars and villas (past sentence)
a. Ali must have been rich………………………………………………………..
b.Ali can‘t have been rich………………………………………………………..
c. Ali may have been happy………………………………………………………….
Form :…………………………………………………..
3.
4.

a. You must respect the low………………………………………………………….
1.You should respect the low…………………………………………………………..
a. You had to drive slowly…………………………………………………….……..
2.You should/ ought to have driven slowly…………………………………………

2. A. Use an appropriate modal verb with the verb in brackets. Pay attention to the tense.
1. Employees (respect) ………………………..………………the rules of our company.
2. Employees (ensure) ……………………………adequate environment for their employees.
3. You (start) ……………………………….your revision many weeks before.
4. Our boss (have)……………………………a problem these days. We haven‘t seen him smiling for
a long time.
5. Tom (meet) …………………………………………….his friends of childhood when he visited his
mother in London.
6. The bank (not approve) ……………………………………..your project a year before because it
was not well prepared.
7. You (be)…………………………..tired. Your eyes are red.
3. B. Modals in the passive
1. Present: you must finish the work now: ………………………………………………………………..
2. Past: you could have driven the car: …………………………………………………………………….
4.C. Put each of the following sentences in the passive using the modal and the verb in brackets.
1. I‘m almost sure she was injured in a car accident. (must/hit)
She ………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. Maybe the house was there 20 years ago.(could/build)
The house………………………………………………………………………………..
47

UNIT 9

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

3. It‘s impossible that Jay got an invitation to the party.(can‘t/ invite)
Jay……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. It would have been better to mail the letter by Federal Express. (ought to/ send).
You …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Date:.......................................
WRITING

...............................................................

A. Read the film review and match each paragraph with its corresponding subheading in the list.
1. Authors opinion
paragraph 1
2. Recommendation
paragraph 2
3. Summary of the plot
paragraph 3
Titanic is a love story between two young lovers (Jack and Rose) from different social classes
who met on board. Leonardo DiCaprio (Jack) who is a poor boy wins a ticket aboard the Titanic in a
game of Poker. Kate Winslet (Rose) plays an unhappy member of a rich family who is bored by social
rules. She wants to commit suicide: fortunately for her, she runs into DiCaprio and then begins a
romance story as gigantic and big as the Titanic itself. The two main characters are fascinating and are
both deeply human. Titanic takes place in 1912. It was going from England to America but it never got
there because it hit a giant iceberg and sank.
All the elements (special effects, actions and so on) in the film are amazing, and they help the story
and its characters. That‘s how movies should be. Films should be about their characters, not about action
sequence.
Titanic is one of the fascinating films realized by Hollywood. It can be enjoyed by all types of
audiences. I would recommend this film: it is really one of the interesting films to be watched.
B. Study the following steps of writing a film review.
1. Introduction: give the title and director and mention the names of the actors.
2. Body: summarize the plot in a few sentences. Mention the setting: the place and time of the plot. Say
something about the main characters. Say something about the content.
3. Conclusion: comment on the film. Let others know whether or not you liked the film. Why do you
like it? Why don‘t you like it? Is the film interesting or boring etc. do you want to recommend the film?
C. Useful Expressions:
- The film is directed by………../ the film is produced by………../ it is starred by…………/ the book is
written by…….
- Settings: the action takes place in…./ the action of the film is set in………../the story takes place in…..
- Characters and Plot: the main characters are ……/ the story is about……../ the film begins with…/ the
end of the film…………
- Reaction: I‘m impressed by…../ I think..../ the film is terrible/ exciting……/ what surprised me
is…../what I liked…… what I didn‘t like is…..I liked/ didn‘t like the film because …….
D. Write a film review about a film you have just seen.

48

Date:………………………..

UNIT10

READING

……………………………….

..................................................................................................................................
The United Nations Children's Fund (or UNICEF) was created by the United Nations General
Assembly on December 11, 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that
had been devastated by World War II. In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations
System and its name was shortened from the original United Nations International Children's
Emergency Fund but it has continued to be known by the popular acronym based on this old name.
Headquartered in New York City, UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and developmental
assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
UNICEF is funded exclusively by voluntary contributions, and the National Committees
collectively raise around one-third of UNICEF's annual income. This comes through contributions from
corporations, civil society organizations and more than 6 million individual donors worldwide. They
also rally many different partners – including the media, national and local government officials, NGOs,
specialists such as doctors and lawyers, corporations, schools, young people and the general public – on
issues related to children‘s rights. It‘s programs emphasize developing community-level services to
promote the health and well-being of children. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 and
the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006.
The heart of UNICEF's work is in the field, with staff in over 190 countries and territories. More
than 200 country offices carry out UNICEF's mission through a unique program of cooperation
developed with host governments. Seven regional offices guide their work and provide technical
assistance to country offices as needed. Overall management and administration of the organization
takes place at its headquarters in New York. UNICEF's Supply Division is based in Copenhagen and
serves as the primary point of distribution for such essential items as lifesaving vaccines, antiretroviral
medicines for children and mothers with HIV, nutritional supplements, emergency shelters, educational
supplies, and more.
Guiding and monitoring all of UNICEF's work is a 36-member Executive Board which establishes
policies, approves programs and oversees administrative and financial plans. The Executive Board is
made up of government representatives who are elected by the United Nations Economic and Social
Council, usually for three-year terms.
Unlike NGOs, UNICEF is an inter-governmental organization and this is accountable to
governments. This gives it unique reach and access in every country in the world, but may also
sometimes hamper its ability to speak out publicly on rights violations, or to openly criticize the policies
and actions of governments.
49


Documents similaires


Fichier PDF available education mission intrenship in togo
Fichier PDF who made the mistake
Fichier PDF file 5
Fichier PDF 19hpowq
Fichier PDF redaction en anglais
Fichier PDF phase2 lesson plan template


Sur le même sujet..