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‫ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ‬-‫ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ‬،‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺃﻛﻠﻲ ﳏﻨﺪ ﺃﻭﳊﺎﺝ‬
University of Akli Mohand Oulhaj, Bouira - Algeria

‫ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬،‫ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‬
The State and the Organized Crime laboratory, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences

‫ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬،‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ؛ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻫﻨﺔ‬

A paper to the Second International Conference on the Crime of Human Trafficking, New
Forms and Current Challenges

‫ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﺰﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﶈﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ؛ ﺍﳌﻮﺳﻮﻣﺔ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻱ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﰲ ﻇﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﳌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻲ‬
In the framework of the seventh part of the third axis; marked by the challenge of
combating globalization and technological development

Title of the paper

- ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬
"‫"ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﲢﻠﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﰲ ﻇﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ‬
Children Trafficking through the deep web; between the gravity of the digital
phenomenon and the limited criminal control
"Critical and Analytical Study in the light of The Algerian Law"

**By: DJEHAICHE Fouad – ‫ **ﻓــﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴـــﺶ‬:‫ﺑﻘـﻠــﻢ‬
‫ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ‬،‫ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺫ ﻣﺆﻗﺖ‬

Temporary Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Bouira

‫ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﺔ‬،‫ ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬،‫ ﻓﺮﻉ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬،‫ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺑﺎﺣﺚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭﺍﻩ‬
PhD student, Public Law field, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Medea

2018 ‫ ﺃﻓﺮﻳﻞ‬17‫ ﻭ‬16
16 and 17 April 2018

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

/‫ ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‬.‫ﺃ‬

:‫ﻣﻠـــﺨــــﺺ‬
‫ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ‬،‫ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ؛ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺸﺒﻮﻫﺔ‬،‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ ﺑﺄﺑﺸﻊ ﻭﺃﻧﺬﻝ‬،‫ ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﳒﺪ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‬.‫ﰲ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬
‫ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﳌﺸﻔﺮ ﻏﲑ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ‬
.‫ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳜﻔﻲ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﺟﺪﻫﻢ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻔﻬﺮﺱ‬
‫ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ‬.‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺫﻟﻚ؛ ﺑﺮﺯ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﻱ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺮﻗﻤﻦ‬
‫ﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺮﺗﻜﺐ ﺃﻭ ﻳﺴﻬﻞ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺎ‬،‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺎ؛ ﲟﺒﺪﺃ ﺷﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻡ‬
‫ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ‬،‫ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﱂ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯﻩ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ؛ ﻳﻜﻤﻦ ﰲ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻗﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬ‬
‫ ﻣﺎ ﺩﻓﻌﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ‬.‫ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﻄﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﳌﺸﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳝﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‬،‫ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻧﺎﺟﻌﺔ ﰲ ﺃﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﻥ‬
‫ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﻛﻠﺔ‬،‫ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺭﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬،‫ ﻣﻊ ﺇﻟﺰﺍﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺮﻳﻌﻲ ﻟﺘﻘﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ‬،‫ﻛﺤﻞ ﻭﻗﱵ‬
."Memex" ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬
.‫ ﺣﱴ ﻧﺒﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬،‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻔﻀﻠﻨﺎ ﺑﺘﻘﺪﳝﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‬
.‫ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ ﻭﻗﺘﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺗﻴﺔ ﻭﻗﺎﺋﻴﺎ‬.‫ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‬
‫ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ‬/ ‫ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ‬/ ‫ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬/ ‫ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬/ ‫ )ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬
(‫ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‬/ ‫ ﺃﺯﻣﺔ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬/ ‫ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‬/ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

Abstract:
The deep web, particularly the dark web, includes many suspicious network transactions, similar
to those of the concept of human trafficking. The most important of these sites is the site of child
trafficking for sexual exploitation in the ugliest forms and ways. this has transformed the process
of child sex trafficking from the traditional physical field to the unclassified, virtual medium,
which hides the identity and whereabouts of its clients.
As a result, the criminal challenge has emerged in combating this type of digital crime.
This issue has been dealt by the Algerian legislator with a general principle of legality which
makes human trafficking crimes, committed or facilitated by the network of behaviors
punishable by the traditional text in force. However, the problem that the legislator has not
overcome is the procedural crisis, which cannot often be effective due to the encoded nature of
the dark web. This led to the need to return to the leak as a temporary solution, with the
legislative intervention required to regulate the digital self-prevention, relying on network
programs and tracking, similar to the program "Memex".
This is what we have provided through the case study, so as to demonstrate the seriousness of
the phenomenon of child trafficking through the deep web. the limited criminal control,
particularly procedural ones Prompt us to work with temporary leakage and self-retinal
protection.
Key words: (Internet/ Deep Web / Child Trafficking / Substantive criminal control / Criminal law crisis /
Procedural criminal control / Traditional procedural crisis / Digital prevention)

2018 ‫ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ‬،‫ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‬،‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‬

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‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪2‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻣﻘــــﺪﻣــــﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺃﻣﺪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﲑﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﲤﺲ ﺑﺄﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﲨﺎﻋﻲ ﻻ ﻓﺮﺩﻱ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺩﻓﻊ ﺑﺎ‪‬ﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﺮ؛ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺟﺎﻫﺪﺍ ﻟﻠﺤﺚ ﰲ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﻲ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﲡﺮﱘ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﳒﺪ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﺧﻄﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻊ‬
‫ﺍﳋﻄﲑﺓ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ ﺑﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻭﱃ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳌﺨﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻛﻤﺮﺗﺒﺔ ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻣﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺑﻄﺎ ﺑﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ؛ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﲏ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺩﻯ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻜﻮﻙ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﲟﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ ،2000‬ﻭﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﳍﺎ ﺍﻹﺿﺎﰲ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﲟﻨﻊ ﻭﻗﻤﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﲞﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ 2000‬ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺗﺒﻌﺘﻪ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﻭﻃﻨﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﺼﺪﻳﻘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ؛ ﺑﺘﺘﻤﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ 2009‬ﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻦ ‪ 303‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺇﱃ ‪ 303‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ‪15‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﲡﺮﳝﻬﺎ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺗﻘﻊ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺃﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﻧﺴﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﺻﻐﺎﺭ ﻭﻛﺒﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﺄﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﻣﺘﺒﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﳏﺪﺩﺓ ﺣﺼﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﱪﺯ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻣﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﲡﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ؛ ﳛﺘﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﻴﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﺇﱃ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺡ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻟـ ‪ 28‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ ﻭﺭﲟﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻟﻸﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﺻﻔﻨﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﳋﻄﲑ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻨﺎﻩ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺮﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ ﺑﻌ ﺪ ﲡﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﺪﺭﺍﺕ؛ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﰲ ﺍﳌﺮﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺗﺼﻞ ﺑﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﺻﺔﹰ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺃﳒﺰ ﰲ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻮﻓﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺎﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﻮﻓﻖ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺷﺒﻜﻴﺔ؛ ﰎ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ‪ ٪ 80‬ﳑﻦ ﻳﻠﺠﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﺧﲑ –ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪-‬؛ ﻳﻨﺸﻄﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺟﻨﺲ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﳍﻢ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺎﻋﺔ ﲟﻜﺎﻥ‪.‬‬
‫ﲟﺠﺮﺩ ﳏﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﲜﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬

‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻧﺎﲡﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﺑﺸﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﻧﺘﺴﺎﺀﻝ ﺃﻭﻻ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻛﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺧﻄﲑﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ؛ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺇﳊﺎﻕ‬
‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﲜﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺪﻯ ﳒﺎﻋﺔ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﳌﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻹﺟﺎﺑﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ؛ ﺗﻮﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ ﳌﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻧﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﻭﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﱐ ﳏﺾ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﺮﺿﻪ؛ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺃﻭﻻ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻛﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺧﻄﲑﺓ )ﻣﺒﺤﺚ ﺃﻭﻝ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﰒ ﻧﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ )ﻣﺒﺤﺚ ﺛﺎﻥ‪.(‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬

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‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻋﺮﻓﺖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﺴﻠﻮﻙ ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻃﲏ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺘﻪ؛ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻠﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺟﺮ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﻭﺍﻥ ﺗﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﻭﺗﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﻴﻴﻒ؛ ﺇﻻ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺕ ﻭﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ‬
‫ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﺒﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺮ ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻﺗﺼﺎﳍﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﳌﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺎ ﺑﺎﳊﻴﺰ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ﻳﺮﺗﻜﺐ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻠﺠﺮﳝﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﱂ ﻳﻈﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻭﺗﻄﻮﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ؛‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑﺮﺯﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺒﺪﺋﻴﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﺘﺴﺒﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺟﺪ ﻣﻌﻘﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﺟﺐ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ؛ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﺃﻭﻻ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﳋﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ )ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺃﻭﻝ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﰒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﺞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ )ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺛﺎﻥ‪.[1](‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺷﺒﻜﻲ ﺑﻘﺴﻤﲔ ﺃﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﺧﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﻖ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ﻭﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻠﺔ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻧﻄﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻢ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺘﺼﺮ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻠﺔ ‪-‬ﻭﻳﺐ ﳐﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭ‪ .-‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ ﻧﻜﺘﻔﻲ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻧﻈﲑﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ]‪ ،[2‬ﻭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﲏ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺃﻭﻝ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺁﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺛﺎﻥ‪.(‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ؛ ﲟﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻹﲨﺎﱄ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ‬
‫ﻛﺄﺣﺪ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ "‪،"Le Web Profond - Deep Web‬‬
‫ﻭﻭﻳﺐ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻳﺪﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ "‪ ."Le Web Sombre - Dark Web‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﳛﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ؛ ﺳﻌﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺼﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟـ ‪ ٪ 95‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺠﻢ ﺍﻹﲨﺎﱄ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻌﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻔﻬﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ‬
‫]‪ [1‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻧﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﻛﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﻛﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺷﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻐﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﻜﻴﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﺫﺍﺕ ﻭﺻﻒ‬
‫ﺟﺮﻣﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻣﻪ‪.‬‬
‫]‪ [2‬ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ "‪"Le web de Surface - Surface Web‬؛ ﰲ‪" :‬ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺎ‬
‫ﺑﻜﻞ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻔﻬﺮﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﺸﻔﲑﻫﺎ"‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻺﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﻻ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﻏﻢ ﻛﻮ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ؛ ﺇﻻ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻷﺻﻐﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ٪ 16‬ﻛﺄﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﱪ "ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻭﻳﺐ؛‬
‫ﻗﺼﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ ﻭﻋﺠﺰ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ"‪ ،‬ﳎﻠﺔ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﳉﻠﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،02‬ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪ ،2017‬ﺹ‬
‫‪ .71‬ﻭﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪ :‬ﻫﺎﱐ ﲰﲑ ﻋﻠﻲ‪" ،‬ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ ‪ ،"Deep Web‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 03 :‬ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ ‪ ،2015‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 05 :‬ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ‬
‫‪ ،2017‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.http://www.arageek.com/tech/2015/07/03/what-you-do-not-know-about- :‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻪ؛ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻗﺎ ﻣﻦ ﳑﻴﺰﺍﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﺗﻄﺮﺡ ﺃﻱ ﺇﺷﻜﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻻ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ ﻭﻻ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺋﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺫﻟﻚ؛ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻄﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻓﻘﻂ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﳋﺼﺎﺋﺼﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪4‬‬

‫ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ – ‪ Google‬ﻣﺜﻼ‪ ،-‬ﺑﻞ ﳚﺐ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺎﻧﺔ‬
‫]‪[3‬‬

‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ؛ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺟﺰﺀ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻭﻳﺘﺼﻒ ﺑﻨﻔﺲ ﺻﻔﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﻛﺄﺻﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ‬
‫ﻋﻨﻪ ﲟﻴﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻌﻪ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺩ ﻣﺸﻔﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺪﺧﻠﺔ ﻓﻴﻪ؛ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻳﻜﺎﺩ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻴﻼ‪ .‬ﻭ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﲝﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻘﻠﻲ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﻣﻌﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ ﳛﺘﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺷﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ‪ ٪ 15‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺠﻢ ﺍﻹﲨﺎﱄ ﻟﻠﻮﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ]‪.[4‬‬

‫ﻭﳛﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻭﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪-‬؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻷﳘﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻭﺟﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﺃﺻﻼ؛ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﳘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑﺓ ﻟﻠﺪﻭﻝ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺎﱀ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ؛ ﲟﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻮﻙ ﰲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﱵ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺪ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺸﺮﻋﺔ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺘﻤﻌﻲ‪ ،-‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﺪﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ‬

‫ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪...‬ﺍﱁ]‪ .[5‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ ﲤﺎﺭﺱ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ؛ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻠﺔ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺗﺪﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ "‪،"Bitcoin‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﲢﻤﻞ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﶈﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ]‪.[6‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪-‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ‪-‬؛ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺈﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺧﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳌﺪﻳﺮﺓ ﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ؛‬
‫ﳚﺐ ﰲ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ )ﺃﻭﻻ( ﻭﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﲝﺚ )ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ(؛ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﺍﻟﻠﺬﺍﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺪﺍﻥ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﺃﺻﻼ‪.‬‬
‫]‪ [3‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﻀﺒﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ! ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺐ ﻭﻳﺐ؟ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ؟‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 08 :‬ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ ‪ ،2017‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪ .http://www.netaawy.com/2016/08/What-is-the-deeb-web-and-how-to-access :‬ﻭﺃﻨﻅﺭ ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‪ :‬ﻫﺎﱐ ﲰﲑ ﻋﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺟﻊ‬
‫ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬
‫]‪ [4‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﻀﺒﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪:‬‬
‫‪- DAVAIDE Philippe, "La Théorie du Darknet", Chaire De Cyberdéfense Et Cybersecuritè, France, 2015, p 01.‬‬
‫‪Disponible sur le Lien: http://www.chaire-cyber.fr/#&panel1-2.‬‬

‫]‪ [5‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﻀﺒﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪:‬‬
‫‪- BOUNNEFILLE Vincent, (Les Darknets: Extrémités D’un Réseau Aumbiant), Mémoire Master 1, Département‬‬
‫‪Arts Plastiques, Unicersité de Paris 8 Saint-Denis Vincennes, France, 2015, p 29 et 30. Disponible sur le Lien:‬‬
‫‪http://docmia.fr/d/70640.‬‬
‫]‪ [6‬ﻭﺗﻌﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ "‪"Bitcoin‬؛ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﺑﻨﻚ ﳍﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﺑﺎﺷﺘﺮﺍﺋﻬﺎ ﻋﱪ ﻣﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‬

‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺃﻟﻌﺎﺏ ﺷﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ﻭﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻌﺎ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪:‬‬
‫‪- DELAHAYE Jean-Paul, "Le Bitcoin, Première Crypto-Monnaie", Bulletin de la société informatique de France,‬‬
‫‪Numéro 4, France, 2014, p 68 et 69. Disponible sur le Lien: https://bitcoin.fr/les-articles-de-jean-paul-delahaye-sur‬‬‫‪bitcoin/.‬‬

‫ﻭﻛﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻧﺒﲔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺘﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻋﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳒﺪﻩ ﻗﺪ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ‪‬ﺎ ﲟﻮﺟﺐ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻟﺴﻨﺔ ‪ .2018‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ‪117‬؛ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،11-17‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 27‬ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪ ،2017‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺴﻨﺔ ‪) ،2018‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ‬
‫‪ ،76‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 28‬ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪.2017‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪5‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻟﻠﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﻣﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺤﻲ "‪،Google Crome‬‬

‫‪ ."...Mozilla‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﳜﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻗﲔ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻟﻠﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ؛ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺎ‪‬ﺔ ﳍﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻤﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺇﺗﺒﺎﻋﻪ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ –ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ ،-‬ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻜﻮ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﺬﺍﻥ ﻳﻌﺪﺍﻥ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺭﻛﺎﺋﺰﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ؛ ﻋﻜﻒ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺼﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﳚﺎﺩ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‪ ،‬ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺑﺘﻌﻄﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﳌﻔﻌﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟـ"‪ ."TCP-IP‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﳒﺪ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ؛ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺢ "‪ ، [7]"Tor‬ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻻﺣﻘﺎﺕ "‪ ،"Onion‬ﺍﳌﺨﻔﻴﺔ ﳍﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ‬
‫ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﺟﺪﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﺧﻂ ﺳﲑ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺳﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺠﺰﺓ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ]‪.[8‬‬

‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﳚﺎﺩ ﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﲝﺚ ﲣﺘﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﳒﺪ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﳏﺮﻙ "‪ ."Google‬ﻓﻌﻮﺽ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ‬
‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ؛ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺟﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳋﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻮﻓﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﶈﺮﻙ‪ .‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﶈﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺇﻋﻤﺎﳍﺎ ﺇﻻ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳏﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻠﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻭﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻪ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ؛ ﻓﻼ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻋﱪ ﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻻ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ؛ ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻪ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻔﻬﺮﺱ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ]‪.[9‬‬

‫ﺸ ﹶﻜﻼﹰ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺟﺪ ﻣﻌﻘﺪﺓ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ؛ ﻓﻴﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺷﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﻣﺸﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﻏﲑ ﻣﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻋﱪ ﳏﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﲑ"‪ "Google‬ﲝﻮﺍﱄ ‪ 500‬ﻣﺮﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ‬
‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﲝﺚ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﳍﺎ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺳﻮﺍﻫﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻟﻌﻞ ﺃﺑﺮﺯ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﶈﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﳒﺪ "‪ Torch‬ﻭ‪ .[10]"...Grams‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﶈﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻗﺪ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳋﻄﲑﺓ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻓﻬﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﳍﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻠﻘﻲ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻣﺸﻔﺮﺓ ﻻ ﺗﻔﻬﻢ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻳﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻟﻮﺍﺣﻖ ﺍﻟـ "‪ http‬و‪ ."onion‬ﻓﻤﺜﻼ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ "‪ "charms lolita‬ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺻﻮﺭ ﻭﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪-‬ﻓﺘﻴﺎﺕ‪ -‬ﺇﻻ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ "‪"http://hjugt4215ljhtrdjh.onion/‬؛ ﰲ ﺧﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺘﺼﻔﺢ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ]‪.[11‬‬

‫]‪[7‬‬

‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺢ ﺍﻟـ "‪ - The Onion Roter - Tor‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﻠﻲ"‪ .‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻭﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻞ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ 2004‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳍﺎﺩﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺗﺄﻣﲔ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪:‬‬
‫‪- JOAO FERNANDES Silva, "Le Dark Web: ombre et lumière", date de publication: 02 novembre 2016, Date‬‬
‫‪d'Accès: 06-01-2017. Lien direct: http://www.cafebabel.fr/style-de-vie/article/le-dark-web-ombre-et lumiere.html.‬‬
‫]‪ [8‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺢ "‪ "Tor‬ﲟﺠﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ؛ ﺑﺘﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺧﻮﺍﺩﻡ ﻭﺳﻴﻄﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﲡﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬

‫ﺑﻔﻚ ﺷﻔﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻴﻼ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻛﻞ ﺷﺊ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ‪ dark web‬ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ‪ ،deep web‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 06 :‬ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ ‪ ،2017‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪. http://www.ta3allamdz.com/2015/11/dark-web-deep-we.html :‬‬
‫]‪ [9‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﻀﺒﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬

‫]‪ [10‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪- DAVAIDE Philippe, op.cit, p p 06-09. :‬‬
‫]‪ [11‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻔﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻣﻴﺔ؛ ﳛﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻴﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪6‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺗﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻭﺗﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ ﺃﻭ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﻨﺬ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ‬

‫ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻧﺴﺐ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﳌﻮﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ]‪[12‬؛ ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ‬

‫ﺍﳉﺮﻣﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﻋﱪ ﻧﻄﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺍﺗﺼﻔﺖ ﺑﺎﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﺳﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺓ ﻭﺭﻏﺒﺎ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﳒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﻪ؛ ﺇﱃ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﻟﻮﺝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ –ﺳﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ ،-‬ﺍﻟﻀﺎﻣﻦ ﻟﻠﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺳﻬﻞ ﻭﲰﺢ ﺑﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻋﱪﻩ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺪ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺪﻟﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺃﻭﻝ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﰒ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺛﺎﻥ‪.(‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺪﻟﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺗﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺧﺎﺻﺔﹰ‪ .‬ﻓﺒﻐﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬

‫ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﳒﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ "‪[13]"Thorn‬؛ ﻗﺪ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻫﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﻭﳐﻴﻔﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺻﺪﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ؛ ﺃﻥ ‪ ٪ 63‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺟﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﰎ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻘﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﰲ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺍﺗﺼﺎﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ ٪ 60‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺟﺮ ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﻻ ﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﺳﻨﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟـ ‪ 24‬ﺳﻨﺔ ﻭﻳﻮﺟﻬﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ 2016‬ﺍﺣﺘﻮﻯ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ 57‬ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺷﺒﻜﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ؛‬
‫ﺻﺪﺭ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻫﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﺮﺍﺭ "‪ Facebook‬ﻭ‪"Twitter‬؛ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬
‫"‪ "PhotoDNA‬ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺷﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ؛ ﰎ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺻﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻧﻪ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ‪ 1.8‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﳏﻤﻠﺔ ﳒﺪ ﺣﻮﺍﱄ ‪ 720‬ﺃﻟﻒ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺻﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻟ ﻸﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﺼﻼ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺎﺙ ﺩﻭﻥ‬
‫ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﺃﻗﻞ ﺑﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﻛﺪﺕ ﺑﻌﺜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﺍ‪‬ﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﲑﺓ‬

‫ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻒ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ ‪2017‬؛ ﺃﻥ ‪ ٪ 54‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﻧﻘﺬ‪‬ﻢ ﺗﻘﻞ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟـ ‪ 12‬ﻋﺎﻣﺎ]‪ .[14‬ﻛﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ؛ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﻟﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻳﺘﺎﺟﺮ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ]‪ .[15‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﺎﺟﺮ‬

‫]‪ [12‬ﰲ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ؛ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﻟﻼﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺃﻧﻪ ﲝﻠﻮﻝ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪2020‬؛ ﺳﺘﺼﻞ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺻﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﺑﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ –ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪-‬؛ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ ٪ 50‬ﻣﻦ ﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪:‬‬

‫‪- International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Connect 2020 Agenda for Global Telecommunication/ICT‬‬
‫‪Development, The Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union, Busan-South Korea,‬‬
‫‪2014, P 07. Digital Link: https://www.itu.int/en/connect2020/Pages/default.aspx.‬‬
‫]‪ [13‬ﺗﺄﺳﺴﺖ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ "‪ "Thorn‬ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ 2009‬؛ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﲢﺎﻟﻒ ﲨﻊ ﻛﺒﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺎﺕ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺫﻟﻚ‬

‫ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻨﺠﺰ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻋﱪ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻭﲪﺎﻳﺘﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻈﻢ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ 20‬ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻲ‪ ،‬ﻟﻌﻞ ﺃﺑﺮﺯﻫﺎ؛ "‪ Facebook‬ﻭ‪ Google‬ﻭ‪ ."Microsoft‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‬

‫ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﰲ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﲢﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ؟‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 17 :‬ﺃﻭﺕ ‪ ،2017‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 09 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2018‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/281825 :‬‬

‫]‪ [14‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﺣﻨﺎﻥ ﺿﺎﻫﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﰲ ﺗﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 16 :‬ﺃﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ ‪ ،2017‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 14 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪،2018‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪/ :‬ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ‪-‬ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪-‬ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ‪-‬ﻋﱪ‪-‬ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪-‬ﰲ‪-‬ﺗﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪.https://www.akhbaralaan.net/news/world/2017/11/6‬‬
‫]‪ [15‬ﻓﺎﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻟﺪﻳ ﻪ ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻴﲔ ﻟﻴﻔﻜﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﲟﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻟﻮﺣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﻐﺎﺀ ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺍﲡﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻐﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

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‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﻨﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﻻﺣﻘﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﲔ‪ ،‬ﺇﻣﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﺩﺍ ﺃﻭ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻈﻢ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﺃﺟﻨﺒﻴﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻻ ﺧﺘﻄﺎﻑ ﻣﺜﻼ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻟﻪ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺔ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻗﺮﺍﺑﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻼﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﻣﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺗﻨﺸﻂ ﰲ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ ﻳﺘﻢ ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﲑﺓ؛ ﺇﻣﺎ ﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﻣﺎﺩﻱ ﺃﻭ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻴﻮﺟﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﻧﻔﺴﻴﺔ ﺗﺪﻓﻌﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﺼﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺬﻳﺐ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺒﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻭﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻐﲑ]‪ .[16‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﲨﻊ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍ‪،‬‬

‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺆﺟﺮ ﻭﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺻﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺄﲦﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻫﻈﺔ‪ ،‬ﺇﱃ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﺰﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺷﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﲟﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻴﺔ]‪.[17‬‬

‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ؛ ﻣﺘﺼﻼ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻛﺄﺻﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻥ ﲡﺎﻭﺯ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻠﻦ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻛﺄﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺃﻗﻞ ﺗﻌﻘ ﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ؛ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻹﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺓ ﻭﺧﻂ ﺳﲑﻫﻢ ﻋﱪ‬
‫ﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺎ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺎ؛ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﳋﺼﻮﺹ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳝﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﺗﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﳉﺮﺃﺓ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺮﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﲝﺜﻲ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪-‬ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﻗﻊ‪،-‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺗﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻭﺗﺘﻨﻮﻉ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼ ﳍﺎ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺗﺘﻔﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺧﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻏﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺢ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﺺ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺢ ﺍﳌﺘﺒﻊ ﺑﺎﻹﺷﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﻣﺮﺿﻲ؛ ﻫﻲ‬
‫ﺗﺘﺒﺎﻳﻦ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ‪ ،‬ﺇﻣﺎ ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻟﻺﳚﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺍﳌﺆﻗﺖ )ﺃﻭﻻ(‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﻪ )ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ(]‪.[18‬‬

‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺆﻗﺖ‬
‫ﳛﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻢ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺈﳚﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ‪-‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،-‬ﳌﺪﺓ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﺑﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﻭﺃﲦﺎﻥ‬
‫ﳏﺪﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﺩﺍ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﺘﺎﺩﺍ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﲡﺎﺭﺓ ﳛﺘﺮﻓﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻋﻤﻼ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺭﺿﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﻬﻮﻳﻪ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﺘﻘﻄﻊ ﺃﻭ ﳌﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬
‫]‪ [16‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺭﻏﻢ ﻛﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﲡﺎﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻧﻈ ﺮﺍ ﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﱄ؛ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﺮﺍﻩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﻥ ﲟﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻻﺿﻄﺮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺇﻻ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻧﻔﺴﺮ‬
‫ﻧﺸﺮ ﺟﺮﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻹﻧﺪﻳﺒﻨﱵ ‪-‬ﻧﻘﻼ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺧﲑﻳﺔ ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪-‬؛ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺒﻴﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻭﺇﻧﻘﺎﺫ ‪ 9‬ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﲢﺖ ﺳﻴﻄﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﺗﺘﺮﺍﻭﺡ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺴﻊ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﲤﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ‪ ،‬ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺠﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻳﺪﻓﻌﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺮﻳﺐ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﳘﺔ؛ ﺃﻟﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺗﻠﺒﺲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﻫﻲ ﲤﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺑﻨﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ ‪ 8‬ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺭﺑﺎﺏ ﻓﺘﺤﻲ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﻜﺸﻒ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﻟﻠﻘﻠﻖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 17 :‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ‪ ،2017‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 14 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2018‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪/.‬ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‪-‬دوﻟﯿﺔ‪-‬ﺗﻜﺸﻒ‪-‬ارﺗﻔﺎع‪-‬اﺳﺘﻐﻼل‪-‬اﻷطﻔﺎل‪-‬ﺟﻨﺴﯿﺎ‪-‬ﻋﺒﺮ‪-‬اﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪-‬ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‪http://www.youm7.com/story/2017/11/173514231/‬‬

‫]‪ [17‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺪﺭ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻻ ﺑﺎﻫﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﲡﺎﺭﻩ‪ .‬ﺇﱃ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪2010‬؛ ﳌﻜﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬
‫ﲝﻮﺍﱄ ‪ 28‬ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻻﺭ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺃﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺒﺎﺕ‪) ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ(‪ ،‬ﲝﺚ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺆﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﳝﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ‪ ،2010 ،‬ﺹ ‪.03‬‬
‫]‪ [18‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﻨﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﲝﺜﻲ ﺷﺨﺼﻲ ﻭﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺢ "‪ "Tor‬ﻭﳏﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ "‪."Ahmia‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪8‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ؛ ﳒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﺿﺎﺕ ﻟﻺﳚﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮﻱ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ " ‪،"Slave Girls‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻈﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻀﻊ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﻭﺍﳌﺰﺍﻳﺎ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﶈﺪﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻤﻦ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻭﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ‪ .‬ﻓﺘﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳊﺼﺮ ﰲ ﺇﻣﺎ ‪ 15‬ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﺃﻭ ‪ 30‬ﻳﻮﻣﺎ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺪ ﲦﻦ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ ﺛﺎﺑﺘﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻭﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻐﲑ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺘﺎﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺪﺭ ﺑـ ‪ 1590‬ﺩﻭﻻﺭ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻺﳚﺎﺭ ﳌﺪﺓ ‪ 15‬ﻳﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ‪ 2980‬ﺩﻭﻻﺭ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻟﻺﳚﺎﺭ ﳌﺪﺓ ‪ 30‬ﻳﻮﻡ]‪.[19‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﻗﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﻏﻮﺏ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﺰﺑﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻳﺪ ﺭﻗﻤﻲ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﲟﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ؛ ﻓﺎﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻳﻌﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﺻﺮﺍﺣﺔﹰ ﰲ ﲨﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻔﺎﺩﻫﺎ‪:‬‬

‫"ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﺳﺘﺴﺘﻮﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻃﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ"]‪.[20‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ‬

‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺈﳚﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ؛ ﳒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺴﺘﻬﺪﻑ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﺇﱃ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻣﻬﻮﻭﺳﲔ ﲟﻤﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ ﻣﻊ ﺻﻐﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺇﱃ ﲡﺎﺭ ﺟﻨﺲ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﺴﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻲ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻟﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻳ‪‬ﺤﺒﺲ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ؛ ﻟﻴﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺿﺤﺔ ﻭﻋﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﻊ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ‪-‬ﻣﻊ ﺇﺧﻔﺎﺀ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻃﺒﻌﺎ‪.-‬‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ؛ ﳒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻮﻓﺮﻩ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬
‫"‪ ،"Baby Heart‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻻ ﰲ ﺳﻦ ﺟﺪ ﻣﺒﻜﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪ ﻻ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﺣﱴ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳋﻤﺲ ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻪ ﻳﻨﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﺎﺋﻦ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬
‫ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻴﻮﳍﻢ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻣﻌﲔ؛ ﺑﻮﺿﻌﻪ ﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻊ ﻓﺘﺎﺓ‬

‫ﺻﻐﲑﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺼﺮﳛﻪ ﲟﻴﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﺼﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪ 05‬ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻔﻀﻠﺔ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ]‪.[21‬‬

‫ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ؛ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺣﺘﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺻﻐﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻦ –ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪ 10‬ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ‪-‬؛ ﺑﻌﺪ‬
‫ﺷﺮﺍﺋﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻭ ﺧﻄﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ؛ ﻭﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻳﺪﻓﻌﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﺑﺮﺯ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﳒﺪ ﺍﳌﺴﻤﻰ ﺑـ "ﺍﻟﻐﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﳊﻤﺮﺍﺀ – ‪ ،"RED ROOM‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺘﻘﺪﱘ ﻋﺮﻭﺽ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻭﻏﲑ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻟﺘﻌﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﺣﱴ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﻊ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻖ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺿﻴﻊ ﺣﱴ ﻭﻓﺎﺗﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﳝﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﺮﺍﻏﺐ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ؛ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺚ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﻟﻼﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﻛﻌﻀﻮ ﻣﺘﻔﺮﺝ ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ ‪ 0,2‬ﺑﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻛﻌﻀﻮ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ ‪ 1‬ﺑﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻛﻌﻀﻮ ﳑﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﻘﻴﻤﺔ ‪ 5‬ﺑﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ‪ .‬ﺃﻭ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﺘﻔﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ ﺑﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺑﺜﻤﻦ ﻣﻌﲔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺼﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺘﱪﺓ]‪.[22‬‬

‫]‪ [19‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻹﳚﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻭﻻﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﺔ ﺭﲰﻴﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ؛ ﻳﻌﺪ ﳎﺮﺩ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﺜﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻌﺔ‪-‬ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ‪ .-‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﻊ ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﻌﻤﻠﺔ‬
‫"ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ – ‪ ،"Bitcoin‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﲢﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﳛﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﶈﺪﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻭﻻﺭ ﺇﱃ ﻋﻤﻠﺔ "ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ"؛ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﶈﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻺﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﻓﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﺔ ﺗﻌﺪ ﻣﺪﺭﺟﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺭﺻﺔ ﺑﺴﻌﺮ ﺟﺪ ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ‬
‫ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 15‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2018‬ﻭﺻﻞ ﺳﻌﺮ ‪" 01‬ﺑﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ" ﺇﱃ ‪ 9 560.428‬ﺩﻭﻻﺭ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﺣﺪﺙ‬
‫ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ )‪ (BTC‬ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻻﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ )‪ (USD‬ﺍﶈﺪﺛﺔ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ‪ 15‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،!2018‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 15 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪،2018‬‬
‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 15 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2018‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.https://www.currencyc.com/ar/usd-btc.html :‬‬
‫]‪ [20‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ؛ ﳒﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 15‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪2018‬؛ ﺻﻮﺭﺍ ﻓﺎﺿﺤﺔ ﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﺑﺴﻦ ‪ 15‬ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﲰﻬﺎ‬
‫"ﺑﻮﱐ – ‪ "Bonnie‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﺑﺮﻭﻣﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﻦ ﺇﻳﺼﺎﳍﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﻏﺐ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﻣﻠﺤﻖ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪.01‬‬
‫]‪ [21‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﻠﺤﻖ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪.02‬‬
‫]‪ [22‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﻣﻠﺤﻖ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪.03‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬

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‫ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻗﺎ ﳑﺎ ﰎ ﺗﻘﺪﳝﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ؛ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻛﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ؛ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﲟﻜﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﲡﺎﻭﺯﺕ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﻗﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﰲ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻳﻜ ﺘﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﳌﺸﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻳﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺳﻦ ﺟﺪ ﻣﺒﻜﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳍﺪﻑ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﲡﺎﻭﺯ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳊﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻱ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻲ‪،‬‬
‫ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺤﺎﳍﺎ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ –ﻭﻟﻮ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺻﻠﺖ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺟﺪ ﻣﺘﻘﺪﻣﺔ‪ ،-‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻧﺼﻮﺹ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﲡﺮﻡ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﻗﺐ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﳒﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﺪﻯ ﲢﻘﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺎ )ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺃﻭﻝ(‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺎ )ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺛﺎﻥ‪.(‬‬

‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ؛ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺟﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ ﺑﻌﺪ ﳏﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺣﺼﺮﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ﺳﺎﺭ ﻭﻓﻘﻪ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ؛‬
‫ﳒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﺗﺼﻠﺢ ﻟﺘﻄﺒﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻭ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﺟﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺃﻭﻻ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺃﻭﻝ( ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﰒ ﳏﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺛﺎ ‪‬ﻥ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺪ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺟﺮﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎ ﲟﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺘﻤﻴﻤﻪ ﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺳﻨﺔ‬

‫‪ 2009‬ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻦ‪ 303‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺇﱃ ‪ 303‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ‪ .[23]15‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻮﺳﻌﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ –ﻣﺒﺪﺋﻴﺎ‪ -‬ﺑﺈﺩﺭﺍﺝ‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ؛ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺇﻃﺎﺭﻫﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺪﻓﻊ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ؛ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻬﺎ )ﺃﻭﻻ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺭﻛﺎ‪‬ﺎ )ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬
‫ﲣﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺮﻳﻌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﺔ ﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺳﻴﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻀﻴﻴﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻮﻕ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ‪" :‬ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺨﲑ ﻭﺗﻮﻓﲑ‬
‫]‪ [23‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،156-66‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 08‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ ،1966‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،49‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪11‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ ،1966‬ﻣﻌﺪﻝ‬
‫ﻭﻣﺘﻤﻢ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،01-09‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 25‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪) ،2009‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،15‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 08‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪.2009‬‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﻗﺪ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻜﻮﻙ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ‬
‫ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ‪-2000‬ﺻﺪﻗﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 05‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ .-2002‬ﻭﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﻣﻨﻊ ﻭﻗﻤﻊ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﲞﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻞ ﻟﻼﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 09‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ‪ .-2003‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺭﺋﺎﺳﻲ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪،55-02‬‬
‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﺑﺘﺤﻔﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻳﻮﻡ ‪15‬‬
‫ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪) ،2000‬ﺝ ﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،09‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 10‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ .2002‬ﻭﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺭﺋﺎﺳﻲ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،417-03‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﺑﺘﺤﻔﻆ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﻣﻨﻊ ﻭﻗﻤﻊ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﲞﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻞ ﻻﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻳﻮﻡ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪) ،2000‬ﺝ ﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،69‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 12‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ‪.2003‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪10‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺻﻼﺕ ﻭﺗﻮﻓﲑ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻮ ﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻳﺔ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻟﻠﻀﻐﻂ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻝ‬
‫]‪[24‬‬

‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻒ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻮﺍﺋﺪ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ"‬

‫‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ ﻳﻔﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺳﻊ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ‪ " :‬ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻭﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﳏﺪﺩﺓ ﺣﺼﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﶈﺪﺩﺓ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ"]‪.[25‬‬

‫ﻭﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﱪﺯ ﺧﻄﻮﺭ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺑﺮﺯ ﺃﻧﺸﻄﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺑﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺪﺭﻩ –ﻣﻊ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻓﻬﺎ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‪ .-‬ﻭﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ‬
‫ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﺗﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺭﻛﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﻧﻮﻋﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺘﺤﻘﻖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺪﻳﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺳﺮﻳﺔ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ ﻻﳒﺎﺯﻫﺎ]‪ .[26‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ؛ ﲣﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺸﺎ‪‬ﻬﺎ‪،‬‬

‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ‪‬ﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻐﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳋﻄﻒ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ‪‬ﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ؛ ﺑﺄﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﲏ ﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻜ ﺲ‬
‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺿﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺭﺿﺎﻩ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺗﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﺔ ﺑﺮﺿﺎﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺈﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ‬

‫ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﳋﻄﻒ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻌﺘﱪ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﻣﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ ﺑﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺫﻟﻚ]‪.[27‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬

‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺄﺭﻛﺎ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺟﻮﻉ ﺇﱃ ﻧﺺ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﺃﺩﻧﺎﻩ ﲢﺖ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ 303‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ‪" 1/4‬ﻕ‪.‬ﻉ‪.‬ﺝ"‪-‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻲ‪-‬؛ ﳝﻜﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﺮﺿﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ )‪ ،(1‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻱ )‪.(2‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﰲ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺘﱪ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺮﻳﻌﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ؛ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ‬
‫ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﺭ ﺍﶈﺾ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻣﻴﺔ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﻬﻲ ﺗﻘﺘﺼﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻙ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻣﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺣﺼﺮ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻣﻴﺔ ﰲ؛ ﲡﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ –ﺑﺎﻟﻎ ﻭ‪/‬ﺃﻭ ﻃﻔﻞ‪ -‬ﺃﻭ ﻧﻘﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻨﻘﻴﻠﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻳﻮﺍﺋﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﳍﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﳏﺪﺩﺓ ﰲ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺓ ﺃﻭ ﳎﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻹﻛﺮﺍﻩ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻄﺎﻑ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳋﺪﺍﻉ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺇﺳﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻒ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻏﺮﺍﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻪ ﺳﻠﻄﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻱ ﰲ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ :‬ﳝﺘﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻱ ﰲ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻛﺠﺮﳝﺔ ﻋﻤﺪﻳﺔ؛ ﺑﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳋﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﻣﻨﻪ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺣﺪﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﰲ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺺ؛ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻙ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ ﻳﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻛﻘﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺧﺎﺹ ﰲ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺩﻋﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﲑ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻱ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺍﳌﺮﺑﺢ‪،‬‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺨﺮﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﻛﺮﻫﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﻗﺎﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻴﻬﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺒﺎﺩ ﺃﻭ ﻧﺰﻉ ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‪.‬‬
‫]‪ [24‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺨﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻋﻘﻮﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻧﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‪،‬‬
‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﻠﱯ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻗﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﲑﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،2009 ،‬ﺹ ‪ 15‬ﻭ‪.16‬‬
‫]‪ [25‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻋﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ‪ " :‬ﲡﻨﻴﺪ ﺃﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻨﻘﻴﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻳﻮﺍﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﳍﺎ ﺃﻭ ﻏﲑ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻛﺮﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻄﺎﻑ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳋﺪﺍﻉ ﺃﻭ ﺇﺳﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻀﻌﺎﻑ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺈﻋﻄﺎﺀ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻠﻘﻲ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺃﻭ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻟﻪ ﺳﻠﻄﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺑﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ"‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ‪ 303‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ‪1/4‬؛ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،156-66‬ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬

‫]‪ [26‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﺭﺗﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ –ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‪ ،2014 ،‬ﺹ‬
‫‪ 151‬ﻭ‪ .152‬ﻭﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪ :‬ﺩﻫﺎﻡ ﺃﻛﺮﻡ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ –ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮ‪ ،2011 ،‬ﺹ ‪ 70‬ﻭ‪.71‬‬
‫]‪ [27‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﺭﺗﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺹ ﺹ ‪.148-145‬‬

‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

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‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﻋﻦ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺇﳊﺎﻕ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﲜﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻣﺎ ﳌﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻧﻌﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﰲ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﺗﻜﺒﺔ ﻭﻧﺺ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ؛ ﻭﺟﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫–ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‪ ،-‬ﻣﻊ ﻧﺺ ﲡﺮﱘ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﻗﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻣﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺮﻛﲏ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ؛ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ )ﺃﻭﻻ( ﻭﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻱ )ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻠﺠﺮﳝﺔ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﰲ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﺎ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﳏﺪﺩﺓ ﺣﺼﺮﺍ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﺑﺘﺨﻠﻔﻬﺎ ﳔﺮﺝ‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻭﻧﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻓﺮﺕ ﺃﺭﻛﺎ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ]‪ .[28‬ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻡ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩﺓ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ )‪ ،(1‬ﻭﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﳒﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ )‪.(2‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺳﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻠﺠﺮﳝﺔ‪ :‬ﺑﻐﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺗﺴﺎﻉ ﺃﻭ ﺿﻴﻖ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﺪﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ؛ ﳒﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ]‪ [29‬ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﳉﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ؛ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ؛ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺣﺘﺠﺰﻩ ﻓﻌﻠﻴﺎ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﱪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺻﺮﺍﺣﺔﹰ ﺑﺎﻹﻳﻮﺍﺀ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗ ﺪ ﻳﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻳﺸﺎﺭﻙ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ؛‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﲡﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻧﻘﻠﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻨﻘﻴﻠﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻟﻪ]‪.[30‬‬

‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﺑﺈﺳﻘﺎﻃﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ؛‬
‫ﳒﺪﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳎﻤﻠﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻷﻥ ﺍﳌﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﻳﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻳﻮﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﻤﻬﺪ ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺒﻴﻨﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺒﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻹﻳﻮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻲ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ؛ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻢ ﲡﻨﻴﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺋﻬﻢ‪ .‬ﺃﻭ ﺗﻨﻘﻴﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﻧﻘﻠﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﺓ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺪ ﳛﺪﺙ ﺍﻹﻳﻮﺍﺀ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺭﺿﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺇﻏﺮﺍﺋﻪ]‪.[31‬‬

‫‪ .2‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﳒﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪ :‬ﻗﺪ ﳛﺪﺙ ﻭﺗﻨﺠﺰ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻧﻄﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻛﺄﻥ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻨﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﺜﻼ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺴﺘﻌﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻭﺿﻌﺔ ﻟﻨﺺ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ 2009‬؛ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻪ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‪-‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ ﰲ‬
‫]‪ [28‬ﻓﺒﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﲑ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‪-‬ﻛﺠﺮﳝﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‪-‬؛ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ؛‬
‫ﺍﺣﺘﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﺣﺒﺴﻪ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ‪ ،‬ﺑﻞ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ‪141‬؛ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،12-15‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 15‬ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ‬
‫‪ ،2015‬ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﲝﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،39‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 19‬ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ ‪.2015‬‬
‫]‪ [29‬ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻹﻳﻮﺍﺀ ﻛﺂﺧﺮ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ‪" :‬ﺗﺪﺑﲑ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻹﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﲤﻬﻴﺪﺍ ﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ"‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﳛﺪﺙ ﺑﻌﺪ ﲡﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﺑﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳋ ﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻊ ﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﻗﺮﺽ ﻷﻫﻠﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﲟﺠﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﳚﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﺪﺑﺮ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻏﲑ‬

‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻋﺔ"‪-‬ﻫﻮ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﺒﻌﺪ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‪ .-‬ﺃﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻧﻘﻠﻪ؛ ﳑﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻉ‪ .‬ﺃﻭ ﺗﻨﻘﻴﻠﻪ؛ ﺑﺒﻴﻌﻪ ﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻐﻠﻮﻧﻪ"‪ .‬ﺃﻭ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻟﻪ؛‬

‫"ﻛﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻤﻪ ﻟﻺﻳﻮﺍﺀ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ"‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺃﲪﺪ ﲪﻮﺩﻱ‪) ،‬ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﱐ ﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ(‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺓ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺎﺟﺴﺘﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ‪ ،1‬ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ‪ ،2015 ،‬ﺹ ‪.34‬‬

‫]‪ [30‬ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ‪" :‬ﻛﻞ ﺷﺨﺺ ﱂ ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻨﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ‪ 18‬ﺳﻨﺔ ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ"‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ‪1/02‬؛ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ‬
‫‪ ،12-15‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫]‪ [31‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻄﺮﻕ ﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﳌﻔﺼﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺣﺪﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺣﺼﺮﺍ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺃﲪﺪ ﲪﻮﺩﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺹ ﺹ ‪.39-35‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

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‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ‪ .-‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﲟﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﻗﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ‪ [32]04-09‬؛ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﺗﻜﺒﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺘﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ؛ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺃﺟﺰﺍﺋﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻔﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻮﻱ ﻟﻠﺠﺮﳝﺔ‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﺤﺔ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ؛ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺰﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻛﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻺﳚﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ؛ ﻳﻌﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ‪ .‬ﰲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺪ‬
‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ –ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‪ .-‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻠﻌﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺣﺪﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺍﳌﺮﺑﺢ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻮﻝ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﺨﺮﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﻛﺮﻫﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﻗﺎﻕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻴﻬﺔ ﺑﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺒﺎﺩ ﺃﻭ ﻧﺰﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ )‪ ،(1‬ﻭﺍﳒﺎﺯﻩ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ )‪.(2‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷ ﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻟﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﲜﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﳒﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺘﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﳉﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﺘﻬﺪﻑ ﺗﺄﺟﲑ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﳌﺪﺓ ﺯﻣﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﲦﻦ ﳏﺪﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺈﺭﺿﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﻮﻥ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﻃﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﺘﻔﻖ‬

‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺩﻋﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻐﲑ]‪ .[33‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻲ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ؛ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺿﻤﻨﺎ ﰲ‬

‫ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺮﻗﺎﻕ]‪ ،[34‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻛﺴﻠﻌﺔ ﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﻭﺗﺸﺘﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻟﻠﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻟﻸﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ]‪.[35‬‬

‫‪ .2‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺍﻟﺮﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻱ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ؛‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﺼﻮﺭﻩ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ ﺍﳌﺒﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ؛ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﺪﺍﻓﻪ ﻋﱪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪-‬ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ‪ .-‬ﻭﺑﻐﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﻣﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﳋﻄﺮ ﺍﶈﺾ؛ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﻨﺼﺮﺍ ﺟﻮﻫﺮﻳﺎ؛‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑ ﺘﺨﻠﻔﻪ ﻧﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﳊﺎﻟﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﻄﺎﻑ ﻗﺎﺻﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻹﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﺮﻭﺡ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻃﺎﺭ ﻳﻜﻤﻦ ﰲ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻭﺿﻌﻪ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺩﺓ ‪ 303‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ ‪" 4‬ﻕ‪.‬ﻉ‪.‬ﺝ" ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ؛ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺣﺘﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﺎ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﺎﺩﺓ ‪-1/2‬ﺃ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ 04-09‬ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ‪.‬‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺎﻹﳚﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻠﻘﺎﺻﺮ؛ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﲟﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﻬﻞ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﻊ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ؛ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﲟﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ]‪.[36‬‬

‫]‪ [32‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ‪-1/02‬ﺃ؛ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،04-09‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 05‬ﺃﻭﺕ ‪ ، 2009‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺘﻬﺎ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،47‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 06‬ﺃﻭﺕ ‪.2009‬‬
‫]‪ [33‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ‪" :‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺨﺺ ﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻐﲑ ﺑﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﱄ"‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ‬
‫ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﲏ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ‪ ،2010 ،‬ﺹ ‪.03‬‬

‫]‪ [34‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ‪" :‬ﻧﻘﻞ ﺳﻴﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻵﺧﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻊ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻳﻀﺔ"‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﻣﻄﺮ ﳏﻤﺪ ﳛﻲ ﻭﲨﻊ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺼﲔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳉﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻧﺎﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻷﻣﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺽ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻮﺩﻳﺔ‪ ،2010 ،‬ﺹ ‪.08‬‬
‫]‪ [35‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻌﺘﱪ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻻﺑﺎﺣﻲ ﻟﻸﻓﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺹ ‪.07‬‬

‫]‪ [36‬ﻧﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻬﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ؛ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﲝﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ ﻭﺗﻠﻘﻲ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﺴﻬﻞ؛ ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺣﺼﻮﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬

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‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﳚﺮﻡ ﺍ ﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻲ؛ ﻭﺟﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ‬
‫ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﺑﺮﺯﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺗﻌﺠﺰ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺃﻭﻝ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺩﺍﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ ﰲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ )ﻓﺮﻉ ﺛﺎﻥ‪.(‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪ :‬ﺃﺯﻣﺔ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻳﻜﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺰ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﲟﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ؛ ﰲ ﲡﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬
‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﻟﻺﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﲡﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺧﺎﺻﺔﹰ ﻟﻺﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﺃﺧﺮ ﲢﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ )ﺃﻭﻻ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻋﺠﺰﻫﺎ )ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﳌ ﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﲟﺠﺮﺩ ﻭﻟﻮﺝ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ ‪-‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ‪ -‬ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺧﺎﺻﺔﹰ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺷﻜﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺠﺰﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻤﺪ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﺎ ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻘﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﳉﺮﻣﻲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻋﺠﺰﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺼﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ؛ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻘﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻤﻬﺎ ﻭﺧﱪ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺗﻌﻘﺪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﳉﺎﱐ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﲏ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺒﻌﻴﺔ ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﺇﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ]‪.[37‬‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﲤﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺘﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻌﺎ ﻭﺗﻨﻀﻤﺎ؛ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻄﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺼﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ‬

‫ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻃﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ]‪ .[38‬ﻭﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ 04-09‬ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﻈﻢ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﻭﺍﳊﺠﺰ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ]‪ .[39‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﻭﺍﳊﺠﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺑﺘﻌﺒﲑ ﺁﺧﺮ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻢ ﰲ ﳎﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﱪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻄﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﱪﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ‬
‫"‪ .[40]"TCP-IP‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺘﻪ ﳝﻜﻦ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﻭﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﺣﱴ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ]‪.[41‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﻋﺠﺰ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉ ﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺗﻄﺮﻗﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ؛ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﺗﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺧﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﺎﺻﻴﱵ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺘﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ؛ ﻳﻌﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻴﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫]‪ [37‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪) ،‬ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ؛ ﲡﺮﱘ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺄﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ( ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺓ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﺎﺳﺘﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ‪ ،2015 ،‬ﺹ ﺹ ‪.64-62‬‬
‫]‪ [38‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﺒﺎﻁ ﰲ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ .2009‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﻂ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺳﻠﻤﺖ ‪ 6‬ﺩﻭﻝ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﲡﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﳌﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 03 :‬ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ ‪ ،2013‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 23 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2015‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.http://dzactiviste.info :‬‬
‫]‪ [39‬ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ‪ 05‬ﻭﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻴﻬﺎ؛ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،04-09‬ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬
‫]‪[40‬‬

‫‪.Internet Protocol = IP / Transmission Control Protocol = TCP‬‬

‫]‪ [41‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﳑﺪﻭﺡ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳊﻤﻴﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ ‪ TCP/IP‬ﰲ ﲝﺚ ﻭﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪:‬‬
‫‪ 25‬ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ ‪ ،2015‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.http://ArabLawInfo.com :‬‬

‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

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‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺭﻭﺍﺩﻩ ﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﺎﱄ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻁ‪-‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﺎ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ‪ ،-‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﺫﺑﺬﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﻭﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺍﳍﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺪ‪...‬ﺍﱁ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺮﺟﻮﻉ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺎﺟﺰﺓ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ .‬ﻓﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ؛ ﻳﻌﻄﻞ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﱪﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ"‪"TCP-IP‬‬
‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﺟﺪﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﺗﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺑﻼ ﺟﺪﻭﻯ ﻷﻧﻪ ﳛﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻣﺸﻔﺮﺓ –ﻭﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻏﲑ‬
‫ﻣﺸﻔﺮﺓ‪ ،-‬ﻭﺣﱴ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﺆﺩﻯ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻱ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻨﻴﻊ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﻭﺫﺑﺬﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ]‪.[42‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ ﻭﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﳌ ﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﺑﻌﺠﺰ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬﺓ –ﰲ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ‪-‬؛ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﻭﺟﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺪﻳﻞ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺋﻲ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺳﻌﺖ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺼﺔ؛ ﻹﳚﺎﺩ ﺣﻞ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﻍ ﺍﳋﻄﲑ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺃﻧﺘﺞ‬
‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺗﻘﲏ ﻣﻨﻄﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺭﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ )ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ(‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺆﻛﺪ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ؛ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻮﻉ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ )ﺃﻭﻻ(]‪.[43‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ ﳌ ﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﻗﺪﻣﻨ ﺎ ﰲ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ؛ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺇﺗﺒﺎﻋﻬﺎ ﻟﻺﻳﻘﺎﻉ ﲜﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ]‪.[44‬‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺿﺎﺑﻂ ﺷﺮﻃﺔ ﻗﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺺ؛ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻟﻮﺝ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ –ﻛﺎﻟﻐﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﳊﻤﺮﺍﺀ‬
‫ﻣﺜﻼ‪ ،-‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺯﺑﻮﻥ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﺍﳉﻨﺲ ﺍﳌﺼﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﳘﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺮﻏﺐ ﰲ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺍ ﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻳﻜﺴﺐ ﺛﻘﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﺸﻒ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻫﻮﻳﺘﻪ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‪-‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣﺴﺘﺒﻌﺪﺍ ﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﻔﻄﻨﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺓ‪.-‬‬
‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﻂ ﳌ ﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‬
‫ﺍﻧﻄﻼﻗﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺰ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﱐ ﺍﳌﺒﲔ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ ﻭﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ؛ ﺃﻃﻠﻘﺖ‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺔ "ﺩﺍﺭﺑﺎ‪-‬ﺍﻟﺬﺭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺜﻴﺔ ﻟﻮﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ‪ -‬ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ ،2014‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﱪﻧﺎﻣﺞ "‪ ."memex‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺁﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺭﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲢﻮﻱ ﺍﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﺮﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺑﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻭﻳﺘﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ ‪‬ﺪﻑ ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﺍﳌﺘﻨﻘﻞ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺄﻗﻞ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ؛ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﲟﺴﺢ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻧﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳝﻴﺰﻫﺎ ﺁﻟﻴﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺎﺋﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﳍﻮﻯ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻓﻌﻼ ﲟﺴﺢ ﰲ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ 100‬ﺇﻋﻼﻥ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ]‪.[45‬‬
‫]‪ [42‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ "ﺍﻷﺭﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺊ ‪ ،"the bad rabbit -‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﲰﻪ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﻲ‪ .‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮﻫﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺬﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﻘﻨﺎﻉ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺃﺭﻧﺐ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺻﻮﺗﻪ ﻣﺬﺑﺬﺑﺎ ﻻ ﳝﻜـﻦ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺒﻀﺎﺗﻪ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺧﺒـﺮ ‪،24‬‬
‫‪ the bad rabbi‬ﺃﺧﻄﺮ ﳎﺮﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺐ ﻭﻳﺐ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 23 :‬ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ ‪ ،2017‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 17 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2018‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDCMULEgPdA.‬‬

‫]‪ [43‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﳛﺪﺙ ﻭﻳﻘﻊ ﺟﻨ ﺎﺓ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﳋﻄﺄ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﲑ ﺗﺘﺨﺬﻫﺎ ﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﻻ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﳍﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺮﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ‪ .‬ﻓﻤﺜﻼ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﻧﺐ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺃﻋﻼﻩ؛ ﰎ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪ 2014‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﰲ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟـ ‪ 63‬ﺳﻨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﻄﻒ ﻃﻔﻞ ﻋﻤﺮﻩ ‪ 04‬ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﺿﺔ ﺃﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺰﺭﻋﺔ‬
‫ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﺇﻳﻮﺍﺋﻪ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻟﻪ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﳊﺴﻦ ﺣﺾ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ؛ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳛﻤﻞ ﰲ ﻳﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﺑﻮﻳﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ "‪" GPS‬‬
‫ﺻﻐﲑ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﻦ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻃﺔ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺯﻳﻠﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻪ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﳘﺔ ﺃﻟﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺮﻑ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ 20‬ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻋﺜﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺎﻋﺔ ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﲡﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺪﻓﻮﻧﲔ ﺑﺎﳌﺰﺭﻋﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ‪ 70‬ﻃﻔﻞ ﳏﺘﺠﺰﻳﻦ ﰲ ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻃﻌﺎﻡ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻭﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﻫﻢ ﻛﻀﺤﺎﻳﺎ‬
‫ﺗﻌﺬﻳﺐ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ ﻣﺼﻮﺭ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﺮﺟﻊ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫]‪ [44‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ‪ :‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﱪ "ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻭﻳﺐ؛ ﻗﺼﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ ﻭﻋﺠﺰ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ"‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‪ ،‬ﺹ ﺹ ‪ .83-80‬ﻭﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ‪ :‬ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ‬
‫‪65‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ‪65-11‬ﻣﻜﺮﺭ‪18‬؛ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،155-66‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 08‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ ،1966‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﻴﺔ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،49‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬
‫‪11‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ ،1966‬ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﻭﻣﺘﻤﻢ‪.‬‬
‫]‪[45‬‬

‫ﻓﺒﺎﺋﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﳍﻮﻯ ﻭﻓﻘﻪ؛ ﻳﻐﲑﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﲑﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻃﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺟﺮ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻐﲑ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﰲ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪15‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﳋﺎﲤـــــــــﺔ‪:‬‬
‫ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻄﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﱐ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ؛ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ؛ ﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﺎ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺸﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺼﻌﺐ ﺣﱴ‬
‫ﺗﻘﺒﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻱ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩ ﺟﺴﺎﻣﺔ ﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺎ ﻭﺳﺮﻳﺔ ﻳﻔﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﺩﻩ‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺭﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎﳉﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ ؛ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﺗﻮﺻﻠﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﳚﺎﺑﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﻧﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﳍﺎ ﺣﻠﻮﻻ ﻧﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ؛ ﻧﺮﻯ ﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺪ‪ ‬ﻣﺎ‪ .‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﲡﺮﱘ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﻟﻼﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﰲ‬
‫ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻩ ﳌﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﻻ ﳎﺎﻝ ﻹﻓﻼﺕ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺓ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺎ؛ ﲞﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ .‬ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺐ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺻﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻛﻘﺼﺪ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﺧﺎﺹ؛ ﰲ ﺻﻮﺭ ﳏﺪﺩﺓ ﺣﺼﺮﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎﻣﻴﻜﻲ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭ ﻟﻠﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ؛ ﻓﻨﺠﺪﻫﺎ ﻋﺎﺟﺰﺓ ﲤﺎﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺟﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﳏﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻔﲑ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﳝﺘﺎﺯ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﲑ ﺻﺎﳊﺔ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺎ؛ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮ ﻝ ﺇﱃ ﻫﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﳉﺎﱐ ﻭﻻ ﺇﱃ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻪ ﺍﳉﻐﺮﺍﰲ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺓ‬
‫ﳑﺎﺭﺳﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻮﻛﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ؛ ﺗﻜﻤﻦ ﰲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻷﺛﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ‬
‫ﻭﺍﳊﺠﺰ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﺼﺖ ﻭﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺳﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ؛ ﲟﺜﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﻋﺪﱘ ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻯ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﻧﺮﻯ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ ﰲ ﺇﻃﺎﺭ ﲢﺪﻱ ﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺰﺩﻭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮﺓ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺑﻌﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﲏ ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ‪ .‬ﻓﻨﻮﺻﻲ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﻓﺮﻕ ﲝﺚ ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﲟﻬﺎﻡ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﳏﻀﺔ‪ ،‬ﺪﻑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺧﺒﺎﻳﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﳚﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﺁﻟﻴﺔ ﲢﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﻮﺻﻲ ﺟﻨﺎﺋﻴﺎ؛‬
‫ﺑﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻉ؛ ﻟﻴﻔﺘﺢ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺳﺮﺩﻩ ﻷﺷﻜﺎﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﻻ ﺍﳊﺼﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﺗﻔﺎﺩﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻴﻘﻨﻦ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ﲤﺎﺭﺳﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﺷﺒﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﺼﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﺭﺑﺔ ﲢﺖ‬
‫ﺇﺷﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ‪.‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤـــﺔ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟــــﻊ‬
‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ /‬ﺍﳌــﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﺃ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘـــــــــــﺐ‪:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬ﺩﻫﺎﻡ ﺃﻛﺮﻡ ﻋﻤﺮ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ –ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺮ‪.2011 ،‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺃﺭﺗﻴﻤﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ –ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺯﻳﻊ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ‪،‬‬
‫‪.2014‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻫﺸﺎﻡ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﲏ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻣﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ‪.2010 ،‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺨﻠﻲ‪ ،‬ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻋﻘﻮﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻧﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ‪،‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﻠﱯ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻗﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺑﲑﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﺒﻨﺎﻥ‪.2009 ،‬‬
‫ﺏ‪ -‬ﺍﳌـﻘــﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴــــﺔ‪:‬‬

‫ ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﱪ " ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻭﻳﺐ؛ ﻗﺼﻮﺭ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﱘ ﻭﻋﺠﺰ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ"‪ ،‬ﳎﻠﺔ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﳉﻠﻔﺔ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،02‬ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪ ،2017‬ﺹ ﺹ ‪.88-66‬‬
‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺃ‪ .‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪/‬‬

‫‪16‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺝ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻮﺙ ﻭﺍﳌﺬﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻌﻴــﺔ‪:‬‬
‫‪ .1‬ﺃﲪﺪ ﲪﻮﺩﻱ‪ ) ،‬ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﱐ ﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ( ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺓ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﺎﺟﺴﺘﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ‪ ،1‬ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ‪.2015 ،‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺃﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺒﺎﺕ‪) ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ( ‪ ،‬ﲝﺚ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺆﻭ ﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺑﻠﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﳝﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺭﻳﺎ‪.2010 ،‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‪ ) ،‬ﺟﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻲ؛ ﲡﺮﱘ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺄﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ( ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﻛﺮﺓ ﻟﻨﻴﻞ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﺎﺳﺘﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬
‫ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ‪ ،‬ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ‪.2015 ،‬‬

‫ﺩ‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻨﺼـــﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴـــﺔ‪:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬ﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،155-66‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 08‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ ،1966‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﻴﺔ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،49‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬
‫‪11‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ ،1966‬ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﻭﻣﺘﻤﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺃﻣﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،156-66‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 08‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ‪ ،1966‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،49‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪11‬ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬
‫‪ ،1966‬ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﻭﻣﺘﻤﻢ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،01-09‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 25‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪) ،2009‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،15‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 08‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‬
‫‪.2009‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،04-09‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 05‬ﺃﻭﺕ ‪ ، 2009‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﻜﺎﻓﺤﺘﻬﺎ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،47‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 06‬ﺃﻭﺕ ‪.2009‬‬
‫‪ .4‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،12-15‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 15‬ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ ‪ ،2015‬ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﲝﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ‪) ،‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،39‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 19‬ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫‪.2015‬‬
‫‪ .5‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،11-17‬ﻣﺆﺭﺥ ﰲ ‪ 27‬ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪ ،2017‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺴﻨﺔ ‪) ،2018‬ﺝ ﺭ( ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،76‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬
‫‪ 28‬ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪.2017‬‬
‫‪ .6‬ﻣﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺭﺋﺎﺳﻲ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،55-02‬ﻳﺘﻀ ﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﺑﺘﺤﻔﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻳﻮﻡ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪) ،2000‬ﺝ ﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،09‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 10‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪.2002‬‬
‫‪ .7‬ﻣﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺭﺋﺎﺳﻲ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،417-03‬ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﺑﺘﺤﻔﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﻣﻨﻊ ﻭﻗﻤﻊ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻷﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﲞﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻜﻤﻞ ﻻﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﳝﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻨﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻡ ‪ 15‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ﺳﻨﺔ ‪) ،2000‬ﺝ ﺭ(‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ ،69‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 12‬ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ ‪.2003‬‬

‫ﻫـ‪ -‬ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗــﻊ ﺍﻟﺸﺒــﻜﻴــﺔ‪:‬‬

‫‪ .1‬ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﰲ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﲢﺎﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ؟‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 17 :‬ﺃﻭﺕ ‪ ،2017‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 09 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ‬
‫‪ ،2018‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.http://www.al-akhbar.com/node/281825 :‬‬
‫‪ .2‬ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﻂ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺳﻠﻤﺖ ‪ 6‬ﺩﻭﻝ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﲡﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﳌﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 03 :‬ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ‬
‫‪ ،2013‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 23 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2015‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪.http://dzactiviste.info :‬‬
‫‪ .3‬ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﺃﺳﻌﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﻮﻳﻦ )‪ (BTC‬ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻻﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ )‪ (USD‬ﺍﶈﺪﺛﺔ ﻳﻮﻣﻴﺎ ﺑﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ‪ 15‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ‬
‫‪ ،!2018‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‪ 15 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2018‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‪ 15 :‬ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ ‪ ،2018‬ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪https://www.currencyc.com/ar/usd-btc.html.‬‬

‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ ‪2018‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

/‫ ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‬.‫ﺃ‬

05 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬،2015 ‫ ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ‬03 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬،"Deep Web ‫ "ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ‬،‫ ﻫﺎﱐ ﲰﲑ ﻋﻠﻲ‬.4
http://www.arageek.com/tech/2015/07/03/what -you-do-not-know-about- :‫ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬،2017 ‫ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ‬
،‫ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ‬،‫ ﰲ ﲝﺚ ﻭﲢﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ‬TCP/IP ‫ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺮﻭﺗﻮﻛﻮﻝ‬،‫ ﳑﺪﻭﺡ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳊﻤﻴﺪ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ‬.5
.http://ArabLawInfo.com :‫ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬،2015 ‫ ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ‬25 :‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬

، 2017 ‫ ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ‬08 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬،‫ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ‬،‫ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺍﳋﻔﻲ! ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺐ ﻭﻳﺐ؟ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ؟‬،‫ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﻀﺒﺎﻥ‬.6
.http://www.netaawy.com/2016/08/What -is-the-deeb-web-and-how-to-access :‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬
:‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬،‫ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ‬،deep web ‫ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ‬dark web ‫ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺊ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻢ‬،‫ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ‬.7
.http://www.ta3allamdz.com/2015/11/dark-web-deep-we.html :‫ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬،2017 ‫ ﺟﺎﻧﻔﻲ‬06
‫ ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ‬14 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬،2017 ‫ ﺃﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ‬16 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬،‫ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﰲ ﺗﺰﺍﻳﺪ‬،‫ ﺣﻨﺎﻥ ﺿﺎﻫﺮ‬.8
:‫ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬،2018
https://www.akhbaralaan.net/news/world/2017/11/6 ‫ﺗﺰاﯾﺪ‬-‫ﻓﻲ‬-‫اﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬-‫ﻋﺒﺮ‬-‫ﺟﻨﺴﯿﺎ‬-‫اﻷطﻔﺎل‬-‫اﺳﺘﻐﻼل‬/.

17 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬،‫ ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ ﺩﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﻜﺸﻒ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺎ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻳﺪﻋﻮ ﻟﻠﻘﻠﻖ‬،‫ ﺭﺑﺎﺏ ﻓﺘﺤﻲ‬.9
:‫ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬،2018 ‫ ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ‬14 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬،2017 ‫ﻧﻮﻓﻤﱪ‬
http://www.youm7.com/story/2017/11/17-‫اﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬-‫ﻋﺒﺮ‬-‫ﺟﻨﺴﯿﺎ‬-‫اﻷطﻔﺎل‬-‫اﺳﺘﻐﻼل‬-‫ارﺗﻔﺎع‬-‫ﺗﻜﺸﻒ‬-‫دوﻟﯿﺔ‬-‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬/
3514231/‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬.
‫ ﻓﻴﻔﺮﻱ‬17 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬،2017 ‫ ﺟﻮﻳﻠﻴﺔ‬23 :‫ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﻨﺸﺮ‬،‫ ﺃﺧﻄﺮ ﳎﺮﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺐ ﻭﻳﺐ‬the bad rabbi ،24 ‫ ﺧﱪ‬.10
.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDCMULEgPdA :‫ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ‬،2018

(‫ ﺍﳌــﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐـﺔ ﺍﻷﺟﻨﺒﻴﺔ )ﻓﺮﻧﺴﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬/‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬
A- Articles:
- DELAHAYE Jean-Paul, "Le Bitcoin, Première Crypto-Monnaie", Bulletin de la société
informatique de France, Numéro 4, France, 2014. Disponible sur le Lien: https://bitcoin.fr/lesarticles-de-jean-paul-delahaye-sur-bitcoin/.

B- Rapports et Recherches:
- DAVAIDE Philippe, "La Théorie du Darknet", Chaire De Cyberdéfense Et Cybersecuritè,
France, 2015. Disponible sur le Lien: http://www.chaire-cyber.fr/#&panel1-2.
- International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Connect 2020 Agenda for Global
Telecommunication/ICT Development, The Plenipotentiary Conference of the International
Telecommunication
Union,
Busan-South
Korea,
2014.
Digital
Link:
https://www.itu.int/en/connect2020/Pages/default.aspx.

C- Mémoires Universitaires:
- BOUNNEFILLE Vincent, (Les Darknets: Extrémités D’un Réseau Aumbiant), Mémoire
Master 1, Département Arts Plastiques, Unicersité de Paris 8 Saint-Denis Vincennes, France,
2015. Disponible sur le Lien: http://docmia.fr/d/70640

D- Sites D’internets:
- JOAO FERNANDES Silva, "Le Dark Web: ombre et lumière", date de publication: 02
novembre 2016, Date d'Accès: 06-01-2017. Lien direct: http://www.cafebabel.fr/style-devie/article/le-dark-web-ombre-et lumiere.html.

2018 ‫ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ‬،‫ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‬،‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‬

17

‫ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻨﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ؛ ﺑﲔ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﳏﺪﻭﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬

/‫ ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‬.‫ﺃ‬

01 ‫اﻟﻣﻠـــــــــﺣــــــق رﻗم‬

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/‫ ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺟﺤﻴﺶ‬.‫ﺃ‬

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2018 ‫ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﻳﺮﺓ‬،‫ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﳐﱪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻢ‬،‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻻﲡﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ‬


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