Indian Figures of Speech Gerow.pdf

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1. The definition of the figure.
2. References to the discussions of the figure in the various authors. The numbers
in parentheses indicate examples in the text.
3. Sanskrit example, illustrative of the figure, with expository notes and translation.
4. Example from English or American literature, illustrative of the figure.
5. Discussion of the place of the figure in the system of figures and related topics.
I, II, etc. are used to distinguish two or more figures with the same name.
AP = Agni PuriilJa (last half of the 9th century),
Bhamaha. KiivyiUamkiira (early 8th century).
D ~ Da1;14in. Kavyiidarsa (first half of the 8th century).
M ~ Mammata. Kavyaprakasa (late 11th century).
NS = Bharata, Nit/ya Siistra (perhaps 7th century).
R ~ Rudrala. Kavytilamkara (middle of the 9th century).
U = Udbhala, Kiivyiilafflkiirasiirasafllgraha (early 9th century).
V = Vamana, Kiivydlaf(lkiiravrtti (end of the 8th century).
In the Glossary, the symbol


is used to indicate vowels fused through samdhi, e.g.,

The translations of the Sanskrit examples are intended to bring out the figure and are
not necessarily complete.
The glossary is organized by figures (terms named as such), in Sanskrit alphabetical
order. All subfigures are treated in alphabetical order under the main figure to which
they pertain. The main figures are set off in the text by centered heading<i:.
The Sanskrit alphabd, in the order traditionally adopted for dictionaries and
glossaries, is:
k kh g gh fi
jh fi
ch j
lh 4 4h 1;1
th d dh n
p ph b bh m
1 v S ~ s h