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Snell B. The Discovery of the Mind.pdf

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The present translation is based on the second edition of Die Entdeckung des Geistes (Claassen
und Goverts, Hamburg, 1948), with the addition of the essay which here appears as Ch. 7:
Human Knowledge and Divine Knowledge. The latter was submitted to the translator by
Professor Snell in manuscript form.
Several chapters of the original work had previously appeared in the following publications:
Ch. 1, Neue Jahrbuecher fuer Antike, 1939.
Ch. 2, Das Neue Bild der Antike, 1942.
Ch. 3, Die Antike, 1941.
Ch. 4, Antike und Abendland, 1947.
Ch. 5, Die Antike, 1944.
Ch. 6, Die Antike, 1937.
Ch. 10, Philosophischer Anzeiger, 1929.
Ch. 11, Geistige Welt, 1947.
Ch. 13, Antike und Abendland, 1945.
Thanks are due to Sir Maurice Bowra, Mrs. D. Burr-Thompson, Mr. Casper J. Kraemer, Jr.,
Mr. R. Lattimore, and Mr. E. V. Rieu, for their permission to quote from their translations.
The translator wishes to express his special gratitude to Professor T. B. L. Webster of
University College, London, who read the first draft of the translation and suggested many
valuable changes.

EUROPEAN thinking begins with the Greeks. They have made it what it is: our only way of
thinking; its authority, in the Western world, is undisputed. When we concern ourselves
with the sciences and philosophy, we use this thought quite independently of its historical
ties, to focus upon that which is constant and unconditioned: upon truth; and with its help
we hope to grasp the unchanging principles of this life. On the other hand, this type of
thinking was a historical growth, perhaps more so than is ordinarily implied by that term.