obvious that different level of education will conduct to different wage at the beginning
of an individual’s career.
In the “Enquête emploi 2012” the education level is define in 11 different categories:
71-‐ Without diploma
70-‐ “Certificat d’études primaires”
60-‐ “Brevet des colleges”
50-‐ CAP/BEP or equivalence
41-‐ Technologic Baccalaureate
42-‐ General Baccalaureate
33-‐ Paramedical and social (Bac+2)
31-‐ BTS/DUT or equivalence
11-‐ School level bachelor or more
10-‐ Bachelor and more (until Phd)
We built 11 dummies variables to represent each one of the above categories. We named
the dummies as follows Dip_71 (Without diploma), Dip_70 (Certificat d’études
primaires), Dip_60 (Brevet des colleges), Dip_50 (CAP/BEP or equivalence), Dip_41
(Technologic Baccalaureate), Dip_42 (General Baccalaureate), Dip_33 (Paramedical and
social), Dip_31 (BTS/DUT or equivalence), Dip_30 (DEUG), Dip_11 (School level bachelor
or more) and Dip_10 (Bachelor and more).
According to the Human Capital Theory, the experience is, as education, a strong
determinant of the wage of an individual. Workers acquire skills, competences, and
productivity with experience; those qualities will allow them to increase their wage.
We computed the work experience (exper) by subtracting the graduation date to the
year of the survey. If the individual has no diploma we calculated experience by
subtracting 16 to the age because we didn’t had data on the graduation’s date obviously.
𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑟 = 𝑎𝑛𝑛𝑒𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑚 − 𝑑𝑎𝑡𝑑𝑖𝑝𝑛𝑢𝑚
if Dip11 = 71 then exper = age_num -‐ 16