MR 2017 Newest.pdf


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systématique et rigoureux et conduit à l’acquisition de nouvelles connaissances. Les
fonctions de la recherche sont de décrire, d’expliquer, de comprendre, de contrôler, de
prédire des faits, des phénomènes et des conduites. La rigueur scientifique est guidée par
la notion d’objectivité, c’est-à-dire que le chercheur ne traite que des faits, à l’intérieur

d’un canevas défini par la communauté scientifique.

1.3 Définition 3
Everywhere, our knowledge is incomplete and problems are waiting to be solved. We
address the void in our knowledge and those unresolved problems by asking relevant
questions and seeking answers to them. The role of research is to provide a method for
obtaining those answers by inquiringly studying the evidence within the parameters of the
scientific method. The word research is used in everyday speech to cover a broad spectrum
of meaning, which makes it a decidedly confusing term for students. Many students have
been taught misconceptions about the nature of research. They have heard the word
research used loosely and given multiple, misleading meanings… All these activities have
been called research but should have been called by their appropriate names: information
gathering, library skills, documentation, self-enlightenment, and an attention-getting,
sales pitch.
The purpose of this section is to dispel these myths and misconceptions and to present an
accurate definition of research. Research is the systematic process of collecting and
analyzing information (data) in order to increase our understanding of the phenomenon
with which we are concerned or interested.

1.3.1 What research is not (ce que la recherche scientifique n’est pas)
a) Research is not mere information gathering - A child came from school with this:
"Mom, the teacher sent us to the library to do research, and I learned a lot about
Columbus." This may be information discovery, learning reference skills; but it certainly
is not, as the teacher so termed it, research.
b) Research is not mere transportation of facts from one location to another - A
student completes a "research paper" on the king Béhanzin. The student did go through
certain activities associated with collecting data, assembling a bibliography, referencing
statements properly, but these activities do not add up to a true "research" paper. The
student missed the essence of research: the interpretation of data… So, many students
think that looking up a few facts and transferring them to a written paper with benefit
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