Abstract A. L. VERRET Maputo conference 2018 .pdf
Nom original: Abstract - A.-L. VERRET - Maputo conference 2018 .pdf
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Name and surname : Anne-Laurence VERRET
Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Thesis title: The impact of the middle class housing crisis in the dynamics of socio-spatial recomposition of
the Metropolitan Region of Port-au-Prince.
Direction : Prof. Evens EMMANUEL (Univesité Quisqeya)
Prof. Jean-Claude BOLAY (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)
Host laboratories: Research and Support Center for Urban Policies (CRAPU)
Center for Corporation and Development (CODEV)
Housing has always strongly characterized the city. If it is seen as the physical translation of a population’s
culture and lifestyle, it is more so considered to be the essential support for the construction of the identity
of every individual and that of life in society. Hence, the United Nations and countries of the North and
South have committed to upholding the "right to adequate housing for all". Taking into account the
economic, political and urban stakes of housing, public authorities have developed policies and various
programs aiming the sector. Nevertheless, the housing crisis is still striking. It particularly strikes the middle
classes who, paradoxically, constitute a symbolic capital and represent a growing socio-economic power.
Haiti’s urban reality is that of developing countries where the lack of planning/management intertwines
with the housing crisis to create a complex context. Moreover, its historical context of the first black
Republic, its long history of socio-political and economic crises coupled with natural disasters, give Haiti a
specificity of its own. In the Metropolitan Region of Port-au-Prince, the January 2010 earthquake sharply
increased the housing deficit and decapitalized the middle class. This resulted in a socio-spatial
recomposition of the territory, which already started before that date. This thesis aims to understand the
impact of the middle class housing crisis in the dynamics of socio-spatial recomposition of the Metropolitan
Region of Port-au-Prince, through a study of households’ strategies and trajectories, and an analysis of the
actions and policies carried out by the public authorities in this area.
Anne-Laurence VERRET is an architect, graduate of the Université Quisqueya (uniQ) in Haiti. She holds a
Masters in Urban Planning and Development from INSA de Lyon (France) and a DPEA in Parasismic
Constructions from ENSA de Marseille (France). She is a PhD student in urban studies at the Doctoral School
Society and Environment (uniQ). Her thesis, done within the Network of Excellence in Engineering Sciences
of the french-speaking Community (RESCIF), is carried out alternately between the Research and Support
Center for Urban Policies of uniQ and the Center for Corporation and Development of the Ecole
Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland).