Nautilia Losfeld english version .pdf



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À la Conquête de l’Or-dure !
This project is built upon a
study focusing on waste and
our patterns of consumption :
« On the qu-Waste ! »

2

3

SUMMARY
TABLE OF CONTENT

State of play
Welcome to the anthropocene

6

The great garbage patch

8

The consum’actors

10

observation
The problematic

12

Frugality

14

Plastic

16

Mycelium
A living material

18

Prototypes and tests

20

Nautilia

4

3 tools for 1 ecosystem

22

Timeline

24

Cartography

26

Virtuous impact

28

Contact

30

5

ANTHROPOCENE
STATE

OF PLAY

The story of human civilization has been written in
the Holocene. However, over the last 50 years we
have entered a new era : the Anthropocene, literally
“the age of Mankind” which is when Mankind has a
major impact on the global ecosystem.

Deforestation :
The extinction of species

since 1980, we
have destroyed 1/4 of the mangroves

has multiplied by 100 since 1900

The sea level is rising :
from 280 up to 600 million refugees
in 2100 due to climate change are expected

6

300 million tons of

plastic produced each year.
90 % end up in nature.
7

PLASTIFIÉCATION
STATE

OF PLAY

Cumulating all of the different types of waste; whether it’s plastic,
industrial waste, nuclear, spilled waters and others, this amounts
to 20 billion tons of waste that we dump in the seas and oceans
around the world.

The 8th continent :
1,6 million of km²

Energy

Material

80 000 t

of floating plastic pieces

Fertilizer

8

92%

are bigger
than

5 cm

9

,i

CONSUM ACTORS
STATE

OF PLAY

As an aware and demanding consumer, the consum’actor does
not passively accept the goods and services being provided.
He contests the power of some companies. Engaged, he is
sentient to his responsibility, ethics and the fair-trade
characteristics of what he buys.

Today consumers know that their way of life is
the cause of troubles that the planet’s ecosystem is facing. They are more and more aware of
the ecological urgency at hand.

of a

Paradigm Shift

Awareness rises
Parents in mid-life crisis
Inspiring close relatives
Burn-out
Reaction to climate disaster
Migration

I

X
Catalysts

Inhibiting Frugalityé

Although lots of books or films on the subject are bestsellers, the change over to action is inhibited by some old
fears and prejudices such as the fear that it would be a step
backward.

Fears & Prejudice
Lack of time
Lack of knowledge
Higher cost
Feeling of going back in time

Famille
Zero Dechet
Do It Yourself
Keep all remaining waste
Avoid any unnecessary consumption
Clean the nature

10

Recycling, permaculture, do-it-yourself, zero waste, biologic
& responsive consumption, etc... so many trends that are
emerging and being democratized.

Zero Impact
Man
Stop Shopping
Short cycle purchase
Produce no waste
Cut electricity
No carbon transport

However, those who have dared to take this step describe
living the exact opposite. Most of them outline the discovery
of a new and better quality of life; still these influencers
remain far away from us.

11

THE PROBLEMATIC
Enhancer
A sentient definition : One which intensifies the
sensitive perception.

A technical definition : A device that drains the liquid
of a tank by bringing it higher.


How Waste &Frugality
could become enhancers
of a better quality of life ?

FRUGALITY
AN ALTERNATIVE

Among all of those living in “Frugality”
some combine forces and create
innovative communities.
We can notice four major categories:

LIFE -STYLE

Standing out from a life of compulsive consumption, an
increasing number of people choose to live “off the grid”;
a fulfilling and resilient life. This joyous sobriety, even if in
opposition with our society of consumption is defined differently
by each individual according to his principles and values.

The Farmers
Nowadays a growing number of people are organizing
themselves and acting better with each passing year.
If many are escaping the system it is in order to rid
themselves of its negative effects, others use their
autonomy in order to realize tangible actions impacting
at a larger scale.

Pierre Rabhi

Communities of New Farmers who
reinvent our relationship with the
earth and grow food responsibly

the Inventors

Backpackers

Clearance

Corentin
de Chatelperron

Ingenious communities renewing our
relationship with technology, developing
some to the services of mankind with the
use of various waste materials.

Minimalists
Zero waste

the

Frugality

Recyclers

Communities of recyclers who
transforms waste into new products
using “low-tech” technologies.

Autonomy

Dave Hakkens

Collaboration
Nomadism

Tiny Houses

Macroscopic Action

Marginalisation

14

the

Protestors

Regenerators

People who regenerate entire
eco-systems and have an extremely
positive impact on the environment.

Jadav Payeng
Abdul Kareem
Forests of 550ha,
reintroduced species we thought
had disappeared.

An arid region became
a forest of 32 ha. 800
plant species of which,
300 medicinal plants.

15

PLASTIC
A CREATIVE

MATTER

Plastic represents 75 % of marine waste and is responsible
each year for the death of 1,5 millions animals. The major
issue is that it absorbs lots of toxins.
Besides, under the solar rays and effects of water it fragments
into micro-particles. This way it ends up ingested by a very
large majority of the fauna, which become intoxicated.

Richard Sowa is living on his paradise island made of plastic bottles

Plastic has an infinite creative potential

Accelerated growth of
corals on PVC tubes, Army
Crop of Engineers

Reef Ball
Plastiki, 12.500 bottles
of 1,5 L assures 68%
of the floatability of
his 11 tonnes boat

handcraft

Solvay

Low techs boat in PET bottles

The only remaining major issue :
plastic keeps on degrading, so,
how could we turn it into an inert matter?
16

MYCELIUM

A LIVING MATERIAL

Mycelium or mushrooms’ spawn is the vegetative apparel of
the mushroom. It feeds on organic matter and extends its
stringy offshoots until it agglomerates all of the substrate.
Once its propagation is fixed, the mycelium turns into a
material with very interesting properties considered by
some to be the “concrete of the future”

Powerful isolation
Self reparing

Grow it Yourself

Walls

Develops in less
than a week on
an organic & vegetal substrate
(maize stalks,
wood-chips,...)

Roof

Experiment by Phil Ross,
San Francisco University

Hydrophobe & floating
Marine Application
Colorisable

“The concrete of the future”
resistant & fireproof

Alive

Looking for an alternative solution to plastic
with the spectrum of “human’s scope of
techniques” brought nothing. I realized that
my way of thinking at the start could not bring
the solution. That is why I have redirected my
study to that of the living world, conceived in
terms of ecosystems.
18

Durable
Compostable

Well-Being

19

PROTOTYPES

A NEW MATERIAL
I wanted to experiment the development of mycelium in order to
understand its growth and potential. So I contacted a few laboratories, which due to a lack of expertise on the subject lent me
some materials in order for me to pursue and to “grow” some
mycelium blocs from spore collected on mushrooms.

Spores in some wet cardboard for a week
Phillip Ross’s substrate
Agricutural waste,
Sugar,
Cat food
Energy drink

Development of the mycelium in a cereal
substrate inside moulds in the dark

Closed under a heat
source and sunlight

before drying

Coffee
ground

Thin offshoots

No evolution

Developping spores in agar
too much
heat

Pleurotte

Button
mushroom

Liquefaction

Apparition of
severals spores

Hardens in oven in a few hours
without exceeding 100 °C
finished mycelium brick

Biotechnologic laboratory
Samia Toumi, Biologist
Jules Ferry, Cannes

Development in liquid medium
Nutrient broth & Sabourau

Mycelium
offshoots,
cloudy liquid

Application on agar petri

20

The final product flourished quickly around plastic bottles in
moulds. The mycelium turned out to be resistant to pressure,
light, floating, but even if suggested by Phil Ross for naval
application, a protective coating would need to be added.

THREE TOOLS

ONE VIRT UOUS E C O-SYSTE M

This ecosystem can suit a variety of projects :
Floating parks, shared gardens, pontoons, dikes,
territory extension on water, habitations, isle…

Mycelium UNIT
Mycelium UNIT

Developed in a
mould around
plastic bottles

Accentuated draft
angles helps units
fit each other

Linked by Archimede’s
strength due to a
rotomould polypropylene
piece connecting the units

Mangroves

The mangrove roots
hold the units together

Plastic
bottles

Fertilization and
ground culture

FloAttING NET
FLOATTING NET

Visible and
colourful net mesh

Polypropylene
floating ball

Low frequency
acoustic repellent

Underwater
biodiversity

Coral NURSERY

Coral nursery

Coral cuttings
and implantation
on the substrate

Various
plastics
Corals

Modelled by the
patrons who leave
their “positive print”
funding the operation

22

Scanned and printed
in PVC melted with
some thin rubble

Drilled in order to
insert PVC pipes
which will welcome
the coral cuttings

Assemble them together, shaping a
reef

23

TIMELINE

A PROGRESSIVE
NETWORK

Modelling and taking
care of the coral reefs
and various other
activities
Solar cooker, zeer-pot,
desalinisation, spiruline
culture, wind turbine,
dry toilets, etc

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25
24

Virtuous A ct i on
Impl a nt a t i on
R&D
Ex per ime nt at i on
C om m u n ic at i o n
Initiation

coral gardians
Low Tech innovators
New Farmers
Seas ragmen
reSearchers

C ORAL SEA
I M PL ANT AT I O N & RE G E NE RAT I O N

SAN FRANCISC O
RE S E AR CH & P R OT O TYP E

80 € lamp kit
150 € property right
10 € mycelium spore
40 € flower pot kit
20 € spore and substrate 60 € lampshade kit

Creation of a synergistic and multicultural network

Coral Sea
San Francisco

The Plastic Territory

CARTOGRAPHY
OF HUMAN
INTERRACTIONS

More than a defined solution, this island
is a way to rejoin different projets and
to visualise the human interractions in
consequences
Creation of low-tech &
résilient technologies

Workshops
Fabrication of
diverse products
Laboratory
Development
of materials

Desalinisaton

Permaculture farm
Biologic production

Building of the island
habitations and bungalows

Factory
Fermentation & composting
of organic waste
Mangroves

Factory
Plastic sorting

Arrival of the «Sea ragmen»
Putting down nets filled with plastics

Habitations
Consumption of the farm products
Organic waste generation

Aquaculture

Harbour
Clean nets installations
Ship maintenance
Replenishment
Manufacture of the island
and its coral reefs

Pursuit of the navigation
Coasting towards another island

26

27

VIRTUOUS IMPACT

SUSTAINABLE
DEVLOPEMENT GOA LS

NO$
PoVErTy2

Since September 2015, the 193 member states of the United Nations have
adopted the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Also called the Global
Goals, the “SDG” which are a global engagement acting together in order
to significantly improve the situation of the climate, the environment,
society and the economy all around the globe.

REDUCed
INEquALITiES

decent jobs and
economical growth

ZERO
HUNGER

AFFORDABLE AND
CLEAN ENERGY

CLEAN WATER
AND SANITATION

RESPONSiBLE
PRODUCTION
AND CONSUMPTION

PARTnerships
for the goals

INDUSTRY, INNOVATION
AND INFRASTRUCTURE

GOOD HEALTH
AND WELL- BEING

LIFE
BELOW WATER

The value produced by the project is environmental, social and economic.
Even if the project’s impact touches almost all of the 17 objectives it is
mostly focusing on 4 of them, which even if uniting others summarizes the
project in a certain way : Creating new jobs, cleaning water, promoting a
responsible consumption, and protecting biodiversity.

28

Climate
Action

Life
On Land

29

Looking forward for abilities and partners
to concretize this project,
don’t hesitate, contact-me

Raphaël Losfeld
Sustainable Designer
raphael.losfeld@the-sds.com
+33 687 610 673

30

31

raphael.losfeld@the-sds.com
+33 687 610 673



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