428088782 Etats Unis Rapport septembre 2019 criminal Victimization 2018.pdf


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U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Bureau of Justice Statistics

September 2019, NCJ 253043

Rachel E. Morgan, Ph.D., and Barbara A. Oudekerk, Ph.D., BJS Statisticians

T

he longstanding general trend of declining
violent crime in the United States,
which began in the 1990s, has reversed
direction in recent years. The 2018 National
Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is the
third consecutive iteration of the NCVS to find
that the number of violent-crime victims was
higher than in 2015. According to the NCVS,
the number of U.S. residents age 12 or older who
were victims of violent crime decreased from
2014 to 2015 (the most recent year that a decline
was observed). The number of violent-crime
victims then increased from 2015 to 2016, before
increasing again from 2016 to 2018. There was
no statistically significant one-year change in the
number of victims from 2016 to 2017 or from
2017 to 2018.
The increase from 2015 to 2018 in the number
of violent-crime victims age 12 or older,
from 2.7 million to 3.3 million, was driven by
increases in the number of victims of rape or
sexual assault, aggravated assault, and simple
assault. From 2015 to 2018, the number of
persons who were victims of violent crime, as well
as the percentage of persons who were victims
of violent crime (figure 1), increased among the
total population and also among whites, males,
females, those ages 25 to 34, those ages 50 to 64,
and those age 65 or older (figure 2).

FIGURE 1
Percent of U.S. residents age 12 or older who were
victims of violent crime, 1993-2018
3.5%
3.0%
2.5%
2.0%
1.5%
1.0%
0.5%
0.0%

’93 ’95

’00

’05

’10

’15

’18

Note: See table 16 for definitions and appendix table 1 for estimates.
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCVS, 1993-2018.

FIGURE 2
Comparison of percent of U.S. residents age 12 or
older who were victims of violent crime, 2015 and
2018
2015
2018

Total
Male
Female ‡
White
0.0%

0.5%

1.0%

1.5%

2.0%

Note: See table 17 for estimates. Differences shown are significant
at a 95% confidence level except where otherwise indicated.
‡Significant difference from 2015 to 2018 at 90% confidence level.
Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCVS, 2015 and 2018.

HIGHLIGHTS
„„

The number of violent-crime victims age 12 or
older rose from 2.7 million in 2015 to 3.3 million
in 2018, an increase of 604,000 victims.

„„

The portion of white persons age 12 or older
who were victims of violent crime increased from
0.96% in 2015 to 1.19% in 2018 (up 24%), while
the portion of males who were victims increased
from 0.94% to 1.21% (up 29%).

„„

The rate of violent victimizations not reported to
police rose from 9.5 per 1,000 persons age 12 or
older in 2015 to 12.9 per 1,000 in 2018, while the
rate of violent victimizations reported to police
showed no statistically significant change.

„„

The number of violent incidents increased from
5.2 million in 2017 to 6.0 million in 2018.

„„

The offender was of the same race or ethnicity as
the victim in 70% of violent incidents involving
black victims, 62% of those involving white
victims, 45% of those involving Hispanic victims,
and 24% of those involving Asian victims.

„„

The rate of rape or sexual assault increased from
1.4 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or
older in 2017 to 2.7 per 1,000 in 2018.

„„

Property victimizations fell from 118.6 per 1,000
households in 2016 to 108.2 per 1,000 in 2018.

Bul l etin

Criminal Victimization, 2018