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1402029N enthalpy 100%

KEH GC Analysis 0314-27 # Samples 1 Sample(s) Received 03/04/2014 Enthalpy Code Client's Sample ID 0314-27-07 1402029N-100PG Batch/Lot/Notes Nicotine (mg/mL) 99.4 Summary of Method:

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2014/08/01/1402029n-enthalpy/

01/08/2014 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme FX 100 71%

1.15 kg/dm³ 250 300 350 400 Enthalpie / enthalpy (kJ/kg) 450 500 550 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 600

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-fx-100/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme R22 71%

bar 0.3 20 30 300 0.8 350 400 20 T=0°C -40 -20 0 400 REFERENCES 0.9 350 Enthalpie / Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 300 0.7 80 FORANE ® 22 250 CENTRE DE RECHERCHE RHÔNE-ALPES 500 500 550 550 s=1kJ/ kg.K 100 120 140 h=200kJ/k 60 80 450 40 2.26 2.24 2.22 2.12 0.15 2.14 0.2 2.16 0.25 2.18 0.3 2.2 2.06 0.08 2.08 0.1 2.1 0.125 1.7 1.74 1.78 0.008 0.006 1.82 1.84 0.01 1.86 0.0125 1.88 0.015 1.9 1.92 0.02 1.94 0.025 1.96 0.03 1.98 0.04 2 0.05 2.02 0.06 2.04 450 600 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 1 0.8 1.5 2 3 6 5 4 10 8 15 20 30 60 50 40 600

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-r22/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme R134a 71%

°C 0.5 0.7 0.8 -20 0 400 REFERENCES 350 0.9 400 450 40 450 60 550 500 140 s=1kJ/ kg.K 120 550 0.25 0.3 0.125 2.12 0.15 0.175 2.14 0.2 2.1 2.06 0.08 2.08 0.1 2.04 0.06 1.96 0.025 1.98 0.03 0.035 2 0.04 2.02 0.05 1.84 0.008 1.86 0.01 1.88 1.9 0.0125 0.015 1.92 0.0175 1.94 0.02 500 100 h=200kJ/kg 80 0.005 0.006 1.68 1.72 1.76 1.8 T=0°C 20 Enthalpie / Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 300 70 80 30 250 90 200 FORANE® 134a 150 60 50 40 100 Pression absolue Absolute pressure (bar) CENTRE DE RECHERCHE RHÔNE-ALPES 600 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 1 0.8 1,5 2 3 6 5 4 10 8 15 20 30 60 50 40 600

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-r134a/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme R404A 71%

°C 0.7 50 0.9 -20 0 20 400 REFERENCES 350 -40 450 500 T=0°C 40 60 100 450 h=200kJ/kg 80 s=1kJ/ kg.K 500 120 1.6 1.64 1.68 1.72 1.74 1.76 0.008 1.78 0.01 1.8 1.82 0.0125 0.015 1.84 0.0175 1.86 0.02 1.88 0.025 1.9 0.03 1.92 0.035 0.04 1.94 0.05 1.96 0.06 1.98 0.08 2 0.1 2.02 0.125 2.04 0.15 2.06 0.175 0.2 2.08 0.25 2.1 0.3 400 Enthalpie / Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 300 0.8 60 FORANE® 404A (FX 70) 250 CENTRE DE RECHERCHE RHÔNE-ALPES 550 550 600 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 1 0.8 1.5 2 3 6 5 4 10 8 15 20 30 60 50 40 600

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-r404a/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme R407C 71%

bar FORANE® 407C 150 Pression absolue Absolute pressure (bar) CENTRE DE RECHERCHE RHÔNE-ALPES 0.7 70 0.8 -40 350 400 -20 400 REFERENCES 0.9 350 Enthalpie / Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 300 60 300 T=0°C 0 20 450 40 80 h=200kJ/kg 60 550 500 100 550 140 s=1kJ/ kg.K 120 0.25 0.3 0.35 2.1 0.05 2.12 0.06 2.14 0.08 2.16 0.1 2.18 0.125 2.2 0.15 0.175 0.2 0.008 1.9 1.92 0.01 1.94 0.0125 1.96 0.015 1.98 0.0175 0.02 2 2.02 0.025 2.04 0.03 2.06 0.035 2.08 0.04 500 1.74 1.78 1.82 1.86 0.006 450 600 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 1 0.8 1.5 2 3 6 5 4 10 8 15 20 30 60 50 40 600

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-r407c/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme R409A (FX 56) 71%

°C 0.5 50 60 FORANE 409A (FX 56) 250 60 50 40 200 150 100 Pression absolue Absolute pressure (bar) CENTRE DE RECHERCHE RHÔNE-ALPES 0.8 90 -20 350 400 0 400 REFERENCES 0.9 350 T=0°C 20 Enthalpie / Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 300 0.7 80 300 40 450 60 500 500 100 120 s=1kJ/ kg.K 140 2.08 0.175 0.2 2.1 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.008 1.82 0.01 1.84 1.86 0.0125 0.015 1.86 0.0175 1.88 0.02 1.9 0.025 1.92 0.03 1.94 0.035 0.04 1.96 0.05 1.98 0.06 2 0.08 2.02 0.1 2.04 0.125 2.06 0.15 h=200kJ/kg 80 1.71.72 1.76 0.006 450 550 550 600 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 1 0.8 1.5 2 3 6 5 4 10 8 15 20 30 60 50 40 600

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-r409a-fx-56/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme R410A 71%

°C 40 CENTRE DE RECHERCHE RHÔNE-ALPES 60 0.8 350 350 400 T=0°C -60 -40 -20 REFERENCES 0.9 400 Enthalpie / Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 300 0.7 300 0 20 450 0.008 h=200 kJ/k 40 60 500 550 100 550 120 0.35 1.94 0.01 1.96 0.0125 1.98 2 0.015 2.02 0.0175 2.04 0.02 2.06 0.025 2.08 0.03 2.1 0.035 2.12 0.04 2.14 2.160.05 2.180.06 2.2 0.08 2.22 2.24 0.1 2.26 0.125 2.28 0.15 2.3 0.175 2.320.2 2.340.25 2.360.3 s=1 kJ/(kg.K) 80 500 1.78 1.82 1.86 1.9 450 600 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 1 0.8 1.5 2 3 6 5 4 10 8 15 20 30 60 50 40 600

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-r410a/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

diagramme R507 71%

bar 0.5 20 30 40 50 0.8 60 300 0.9 0 20 350 400 60 T=0°C 40 450 80 500 500 120 h=200kJ/k 100 0.1 2.020.125 0.15 2.040.175 2.060.2 2.080.25 0.3 2 0.008 1.76 1.780.01 1.8 0.0125 1.820.015 0.0175 1.84 0.02 1.86 0.025 1.88 0.03 1.9 0.035 1.920.04 1.940.05 0.06 1.96 1.980.08 450 1.58 1.62 1.66 1.7 1.74 400 REFERENCES -40 -20 350 Enthalpie / Enthalpy (kJ/kg) 300 v :

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/06/17/diagramme-r507/

17/06/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Thermocold Heat Pump 70%

Today Fiorini Industries, together with the other companies of the group and operating with several brands, is the leading company in the heating, cooling, heat exchange and diversified energy source integrated systems (traditional or renewable energy sources such as solar heating, hybrid PV and thermal solar and low enthalpy ground coupled systems).

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/10/03/thermocold-heat-pump/

03/10/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to aniline (PdC) 51%

PID Scheme…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..47 3/47 Reduction of Nitrobenzene to Aniline 5 CGP 2012/2013 Symbols Symbol Signification Units a ac Ci,su Ci,ex Cp Cv dA db De Dm DTLN dp dT fex Fr Frc Specific area of gas /m3 of liquid phase Specific area of solid/m3 of liquid phase Surface concentration of i (catalyst) External concentration of i (organic phase) Mass heat capacity Molar heat capacity Agitator diameter Gas bubble diameter Effective diffusivity Average diffusivity Logarithmic temperature difference Catalyst diameter Tank diameter External resistance fraction Froude number Critical Froude number Modified Froude number Gravity constant Reactor’height Hydrogen solubility in organic phase (Henry coefficient) specific heat exchange coefficient Reaction rate constant / m3 of organic phase Liquid-solid mass transfer conductance (L/S) Gas-Liquid mass transfer conductance (G/L) Reaction rate constant /m3 of catalyst pellet Gas-Liquid mass transfer coefficient mass Molecular weight Stirring speed Critical turbine speed for gas induction Molar quantity Aeration number Stirring power number Nusselt number Pressure Prandtl number Aniline productivity Blade's caracteristic lenght Volumetric flow Gas injection flow Gas constant Reynolds number Reynolds stirring number Intrinsic reaction rate /m3 of catalyst pellet Intrinsic reaction rate /m3 of organic phase Apparent reaction rate reaction rate at surface concentrations (catalyst) reaction rate at external concentrations (organic) Heat exchange surface Schmidt number m2.m-3 m2.m-3 mol.m-3 mol.m-3 J.kg.K-1 J.mol-1.K-1 m m m.s-1 m.s-1 °C m m % m.s-2 m Pa.m3.mol-1 W.m-2.K-1 m3.mol-1.s-1 m.s-1 m.s-1 3 2 (m ) .m3.mol-1.s-1 s-1 kg g.mol-1 s-1 s-1 mol - g H HH2 h k kD kl kp kla m M N Nc n NA Np Nu P Pr PB q Q QG R Re Res ̅̅̅ / ̅̅̅ S Sc 4/47 Pa Tons/years m m3.s-1 m3/h J.K-1.mol-1 mol.s-1.m-3 mol.s-1.m-3 mol.s-1.m-3 mol.s-1.m-3 mol.s-1.m-3 m2 - Reduction of Nitrobenzene to Aniline 5 CGP 2012/2013 Symbol Sh T td tr Uext uvg V V’ Vloop Vr Vtot Vu W W0 XA ΔH ΔTad zA zL Signification Sherwood number Temperature Dead time (loading unloading duration) Reaction duration Global heat exchange coefficient gas flow rate (empty tank) Volume in the reactor Total volume (reactor+loop) Loop volume of the heat exchanger system Volume of reaction mixture (organic phase in the reactor) Reactor total volume Usefull volume Mechanical power (G-L) Mechanical power for liquid only Nitrobenzene conversion Reaction enthalpy Adiabatic temperature elevation Distance between stirrer and tank bottom Liquid height in the reactor Greek letter βp ε ̅ ̃ εG εs η Δ λ μ ν ρ ρs ρp σ τ φsu ω Signification Internal porosity Interstitial porosity (=1 - ) Mass stirring power Volume stirring power Gas holdup/Gas retention volume fraction of solid Efficiency Differential Thermal conductivity Dynamic viscosity Cinematic viscosity density Solid density Impregnated catalyst density Surface tension Tortuosity General Thiele modulus Mass fraction Exponent e max i s Related to Inlet Maximum Initial outlet Units W.kg-1 W.m-3 W.m-1.K-1 Pa.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/07/12/catalytic-hydrogenation-of-nitrobenzene-to-aniline-pdc/

12/07/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Physics Equations & Answers-QuickStudy 49%

W Enthalpy: ... Enthalpy and 1st Law of Thermodynamics 1.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/09/04/physics-equations-answers-quickstudy/

04/09/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Allen Institue Challenge Lecocq Sitbon 40%

Au final, 2139 mots-cl´es (tels que ”Stoichiometric Calculations and Enthalpy Changes” ou bien ”Dark Matter”) ont ´et´e retenus.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/02/18/allen-institue-challenge-lecocq-sitbon/

18/02/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

2 39%

To obtain enthalpy estimates for all intermediates, the electronic energy was corrected for zero point energy (ZPE) contributions and temperature variations using Cp.51 The transition state energies were also corrected using ZPE and Cp corrections in a similar manner.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/09/01/2/

01/09/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

SAFRAN ET ALPHASYNUCLEINE 30%

By measuring binding at various temperatures, we determined the enthalpy (⌬H ⫽ ⫺7.9 kcal/mol) and entropy (⌬S ⫽ ⫺0.0081 kcal/mol/K) of binding, indicating that binding is enthalpically driven and suggesting that it is due to non-hydrophobic interactions.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2014/04/14/safran-et-alphasynucleine/

14/04/2014 www.fichier-pdf.fr

3 27%

Although hydrogenation of CO2 to formic acid is endergonic in the gas phase (eq 5, ΔG°298 = +32.8 kJ mol−1), the reaction is exergonic in the aqueous phase (ΔG°298 = −4.0 kJ mol−1).97 Another strategy is the use of additives, such as a base (eq 6) to improve the enthalpy of CO2 hydrogenation.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/09/01/3/

01/09/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Organic Chemistry-QuickStudy Fundamentals 26%

(b) (c) R R MASS SPECTROMETRY (c) (a) OCH2CH3 P ∆H Symmetric stretching Exothermic Endothermic ULTRAVIOLET/VISIBLE (b) ClCH2 • Enthalpy (H):

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/09/03/organic-chemistry-quickstudy-fundamentals/

03/09/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr