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The n e w e ng l a n d j o u r na l of m e dic i n e original article Diets with High or Low Protein Content and Glycemic Index for Weight-Loss Maintenance Thomas Meinert Larsen, Ph.D., Stine-Mathilde Dalskov, M.Sc., Marleen van Baak, Ph.D., Susan A.
In these patients, early achievement of glycemic control translated into a long-term reduction of the risk of micro- and macrovascular complications.
1.) Maximal endogenous glycogen stores are best promoted by following a high-glycemic, high-carbohydrate (CHO) diet (600 – 1000 grams CHO or ~8 – 10 g CHO/kg/d), and ingestion of free amino acids and protein (PRO) alone or in combination with CHO before resistance exercise can maximally stimulate protein synthesis.
It aims to address the dual issues of defective insulin secretion and insulin resistance, and often requires a combination of treatment modalities to achieve and maintain optimal glycemic control.
Thus, intestinal retention and consumption of alimentary glucose may not provide a large contribution to the postprandial improvement in glycemic control.
the role of plasma amino acids and incretins1–3 Mikael Nilsson, Marianne Stenberg, Anders H Frid, Jens J Holst, and Inger ME Björck KEY WORDS Glycemic index, insulin index, milk, whey, food proteins, insulinotropic amino acids, amino acids, incretin hormones INTRODUCTION It has been established that a diet characterized by carbohydrate-containing foods, which induce low glycemic responses after the consumption of a meal, has advantageous effects on the risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (1– 4).
Substitution of SFA with polyunsaturated fatty acids was associated with a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease, while the effects of substitution with monounsaturated fatty acids or high-glycemic index carbohydrates are less clear.
Glycemic variability: Clinical implications. Indian J Endocrinol Metab.
Paralytic ileus, elevated aminotransferase levels, altered glycemic control, thrombocytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulation, adrenal dysfunction, and the euthyroid sick syndrome are all common in patients with severe sepsis.5 n engl j med 369;9 nejm.org august 29, 2013 841 The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at ASSISTANCE PUBLIQUE HOPITAUX PARIS on September 10, 2013.
Those found to correlate with reduced mortality include nuts,1-4 fruit,5,6 cereal fiber,2 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs),2 ω-3PUFAs,3 green salad,7 Mediterranean dietary patterns,8-11 “healthy” or “prudent” dietary patterns,10,12,13 plant-based diet scores,14 plant-based low-carbohydrate diets,15 and vegetarian diets.4,16,17 Associations with increased mortality have been found for a high glycemic load,2 meat,6,7 red meat,18,19 processed meat,18,19 eggs,7 potatoes,5 increased energy intake,20 and animal-based low-carbohydrate diets.15 Vegetarian dietary patterns may contain many of the abovelisted foods and nutrients associated with reduced mortality while having reduced intakes of some foods associated with increased mortality.
Further evidence supporting a role for oxidative stress in the induction of COX expression is the fact that expression of COX enzymes is normalized by glycemic control , and also by inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation, protein kinase C, NF-κB  or by mutation of the NFκB binding elements at the COX2 promoter site .
This novel mindfulness-based approach is highly acceptable to bariatric patients postsurgery and may be effective for reducing emotional eating, although it did not improve weight or glycemic control in the short term.