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Karger AG, Basel 1664–3828/11/0014–0255$38.00/0 www.karger.com/crm Original Paper Prevalence of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease and the Role of Serum Albumin:
The prevalence of clinical hypothyroidism was increased in patients taking lithium compared with those given placebo (odds ratio [OR] 5·78, 95% CI 2·00–16·67;
There are also several other causes of hair loss, including poor blood circulation in the scalp, stress, iron deficiency, hypothyroidism, ‘demodox mites’, other scalp conditions and even certain food allergies.
Some of the autoimmune diseases are rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves' disease (hyperthyroidism), chronic thyroiditis (hypothyroidism), myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, spondylarthritis, scleroderma, autoimmune hepatitis, antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), Sjogren’s syndrome, uveitis, Raynaud’s phenomenon, celiac disease (gluten intolerance) or Crohn’s diseases.
This medicine was a monopoly in our country, so there was no alternative for patients with hypothyroidism or thyroidectomy.
For the fetus, the newborn, children, and adolescents, the risk of radiation-induced thyroid cancer in case of accidental exposure to radioactive iodine justifies KI prophylaxis, despite the risk of hypothyroidism, especially in newborns.
The numbers of autoantibodies against these three antigens, not their specificities, best predict the risk of developing type I diabetes.15 Among first-degree relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes, the 5-year risk of developing diabetes is 0% if no antibody is present, 15% if 1 antibody is present, 44% if 2 antibodies are present, and 100% if all 3 antibodies are present.15 About 30–60% of family members of patients with type I diabetes with one of the diabetes-related antibodies develop the disease within 5–10 years.15–18 Likewise, the presence of thyroid peroxidase antibodies is predictive of the development of elevated TSH or hypothyroidism.19,20 These data indicate that disease-specific autoantibodies are useful predictors of the future development of autoimmune disease.
17.03.2011 A variety of etiological factors including disorders of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis, interruption of dopamine synthesis, stress, pituitary tumors, polycystic ovary syndrome, primary hypothyroidism, and various medications may lead to hyperprolactinemia (1).
The pathogenesis of adrenal insufficiency secondary to corticosteroid therapy is Table 3 Signs and symptoms suggestive of adrenal insufficiency Cardiovascular instability Discrepancy between disease severity and clinical status of the patient presenting nausea Orthostatic hypotension Dehydration Lower abdominal pain or weight loss Fever of unknown origin Apathy, depression not related to psychiatric illness Altered pigmentation, loss of axillary and pubic hair Hypothyroidism and hypogonadism Hypoglycemia, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia Neutropenia and eosinophilia Cutrera et al.
antidiuretic hormone secretion abnormalities, central hypothyroidism, growth hormone deficiency, autonomic dysfunction, etc.
Key, 2011) while risk for hypothyroidism was 10% lower than omnivore risk (Tonstad, Nathan, Oda, &