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bdroitn.damanat alhasana... 100%

Guarantees of the diplomatic immunity in Islamic jurisprudence and the international law (Comparative study) student:

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2018/01/25/bdroitn-damanat-alhasana/

25/01/2018 www.fichier-pdf.fr

أنواع الـمناعـــة Types of Immunity 95%

‫أﻧﻮاع اﻟـﻤﻨﺎﻋـــﺔ ‪Types of Immunity‬‬ ‫ﻡﻘﺪﻡﺔ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺇﺼﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ ﻜﺎﻟﺒﻜﺘﻴﺭﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺭﻭﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻁﺭﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻔﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﺘﺘﻡ ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻲ ﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ )ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﻴﺔ(‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ ﺍﻷﻀﺩﺍﺩ )ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﻠﻴﺔ = ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻁﻴﺔ(‪) :‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻴﻀﹰﺎ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Humoral or‬‬ ‫‪Antibody-Mediated‬‬ ‫‪Immunity‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Cell-Mediated‬‬ ‫‪Immunity‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪Innate Immunity‬‬ ‫‪Complement‬‬ ‫‪Neutrophils‬‬ ‫‪Macrophages‬‬ ‫‪Natural killer cell‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺘﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫‪Acquired Immunity‬‬ ‫‪B cell‬‬ ‫‪Antibodies (made‬‬ ‫)‪by plasma cells‬‬ ‫‪Helper T cell‬‬ ‫‪Cytotoxin T cells‬‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﺭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺍﺴﻁ ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ ﺒﺸﻜل ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﻔﺎﻭﻴﺎﺕ ‪) T‬ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ ‪ T‬ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ ‪ T‬ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻼﻴﺎ( ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺫﺭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺘﺘﻭﺍﺴﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻀﺩﺍﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻤﻔﺎﻭﻴﺎﺕ ‪) B‬ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺯﻤﻴﺔ(‪ .‬ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻼﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪ T‬ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ ‪ B‬ﻤﺫﻜﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل ‪.1- 00‬‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻸﻀﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﻬﻲ‪ (١) :‬ﺘﻌﺩﻴل ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻭﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺭﻭﺴﺎﺕ ﻭ)‪(٢‬‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ ﺍﺴﺘﺴﺎﻏﺔ ﺍﺒﺘﻼﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺘﻴﺭﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺃﻱ ﺠﻌل ﺒﻠﻌﻤﺘﻬﺎ ﺃﺴﻬل‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﺠﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﻴﺔ ﺒﺸﻜل ﺭﺌﻴﺱ ﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﻤﺘﻌﻀﻴﺎﺕ ﻜﺎﻟﻔﻁﺭﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻔﻴﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺘﻴﺭﻴﺎ ﺩﺍﺨل ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻜﻤﺎ ﺃﻨﻬﺎ ﻤﺘﻭﺭﻁﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺘل ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﻴﺭﻭﺴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻼﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻭﺭﻤﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻀﺩﺍﺩ ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﺠﺩﹰﺍ ﻟﻠﻤﻴﻜﺭﻭﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺯﻴﺔ )ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺎﺠﻤﺔ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ ﻜﻴﻑ ﺘﻨﺸﺄ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻵﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ ؟‪ .‬ﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺘﺸﺭﺡ ﺒﺸﻜل ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ ﺘﺤﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻬﺭﻴﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻭﻴﺔ ‪:

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2017/02/06/types-of-immunity/

06/02/2017 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Chapitre 6 91%

(cellular immunity) . ... (immunity .(cell-mediated immunity) .

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2017/07/17/chapitre-6/

17/07/2017 www.fichier-pdf.fr

80 286e-60945 91%

9 3 Definitions and abbreviations ..........................................................................................12 4 3.1 Definitions .............................................................................................................12 3.2 Abbreviations used in this standard .......................................................................13 3.3 IMO Performance Standards..................................................................................13 Minimum performance requirements ...............................................................................14 1 General .................................................................................................................14 4.1.1 Introduction................................................................................................14 4.1.2 General requirements ................................................................................15 4.2 Design and Operation ............................................................................................15 4.2.1 Ergonomics and HMI..................................................................................15 4.2.2 Hardware ...................................................................................................18 4.2.3 Software ....................................................................................................19 4.2.4 (6.4) Inter-unit connection .........................................................................19 4.3 Power supply .........................................................................................................20 4.3.1 (7.1) Extreme power supply .......................................................................20 4.3.2 (7.2) Excessive conditions .........................................................................20 4.3.3 (7.3, 7.4) Power supply short-term variation and power supply failure ........20 4.4 (8) Durability and resistance to environmental conditions.......................................20 4.5 Interference ...........................................................................................................20 4.5.1 (9,10) Electromagnetic compatibility .........................................................20 4.5.2 (11.1) Acoustic noise ................................................................................21 4.5.3 (11.2) Compass safe distance...................................................................21 4.6 Safety precautions .................................................................................................21 4.6.1 (12.1) Protection against accidental access to dangerous voltages ............21 4.6.2 (12.2 12.3) Electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation.................................21 4.6.3 (12.4) X-radiation .......................................................................................21 4.7 (13) Maintenance..................................................................................................22 4.7.1 Maintenance of hardware ...........................................................................22 4.7.2 Maintenance of software ............................................................................22 4.8 (14) Equipment manuals .......................................................................................22 4.9 (15) Marking and identification ..............................................................................22 Methods of testing and required test results....................................................................23 4.1 5 5.1 5.2 6 General .................................................................................................................23 Test conditions ......................................................................................................23 5.2.1 Normal test conditions ...............................................................................24 5.2.2 Extreme test conditions..............................................................................24 5.2.3 Excessive conditions..................................................................................25 5.3 Test results............................................................................................................25 Operational checks (all equipment categories) ................................................................25 6.1 Ergonomics and HMI .............................................................................................25 6.1.1 General......................................................................................................25 6.1.2 (4.2.1.2) Arrangement ...............................................................................25 3 60945 Ed.4  IEC:2001 8.3 8.4 8.5 General .................................................................................................................31 Dry heat.................................................................................................................33 8.2.1 Storage test (portable, exposed and submerged equipment) ......................33 8.2.2 Functional test (portable, protected and exposed equipment).....................33 Damp heat .............................................................................................................34 8.3.1 Functional test (portable, protected and exposed equipment).....................34 Low temperature....................................................................................................34 8.4.1 Storage test (portable equipment) ..............................................................34 8.4.2 Functional tests .........................................................................................35 Thermal shock (portable equipment) ......................................................................35 8.5.1 Purpose .....................................................................................................35 8.5.2 Method of test ............................................................................................36 8.5.3 Required result ..........................................................................................36 Drop (portable equipment) .....................................................................................36 8.6.1 Drop on hard surface .................................................................................36 8.6.2 Drop into water ..........................................................................................36 Vibration (all equipment categories).......................................................................37 8.7.1 Purpose .....................................................................................................37 8.7.2 Method of test ............................................................................................37 8.7.3 Required result ..........................................................................................38 Rain and spray (exposed equipment) .....................................................................38 8.8.1 Purpose .....................................................................................................38 8.8.2 Method of test ............................................................................................38 8.8.3 Required result ..........................................................................................38 Immersion..............................................................................................................39 8.9.1 Submerged equipment ...............................................................................39 8.6 8.1 8.2 8 7.1 (4.3.1) Extreme power supply ................................................................................31 7.2 (4.3.2) Excessive conditions ..................................................................................31 7.3 (4.3.3) Power supply short-term variation...............................................................31 7.4 (4.3.3) Power supply failure ...................................................................................31 (4.4) Durability and resistance to environmental conditions – Methods of testing and required test results ................................................................................................31 7 6.1.3 (4.2.1.3) Operation....................................................................................26 6.1.4 (4.2.1.4) Identification ...............................................................................26 6.1.5 (4.2.1.5) Screen display and indicators .....................................................27 6.1.6 (4.2.1.6) Voice Announcement ..................................................................28 6.1.7 (4.2.1.7) Safety of operation .....................................................................28 6.1.8 (4.2.1.8) Distress alert ...............................................................................28 6.2 Hardware ...............................................................................................................29 6.2.1 (4.2.2.1) General ......................................................................................29 6.2.2 (4.2.2.2) Alarms and Indicators .................................................................29 6.2.3 (4.2.2.3) Illumination .................................................................................29 6.3 Software ................................................................................................................30 6.3.1 (4.2.3.1) General ......................................................................................30 6.3.2 (4.2.3.2) Safety of operation .....................................................................30 6.3.3 (4.2.3.3) Monitoring ..................................................................................30 6.3.4 (4.2.3.4) Operation....................................................................................30 6.4 (4.2.4) Inter-unit connection ...................................................................................31 Power supply – Methods of testing and required test results ...........................................31 8.7 8.8 8.9 4 60945 Ed.4  IEC:2001 9 8.9.2 Portable equipment ....................................................................................39 8.9.3 Portable equipment (temporary immersion) ................................................39 8.10 Solar radiation (portable equipment) ......................................................................40 8.10.1 Waiver 40 8.10.2 Purpose 40 8.10.3 Method of test ............................................................................................40 8.10.4 Required result ..........................................................................................40 8.11 Oil resistance (portable equipment) .......................................................................41 8.11.1 Waiver 41 8.11.2 Purpose 41 8.11.3 Method of test ............................................................................................41 8.11.4 Required result ..........................................................................................41 8.12 Corrosion (salt mist) (all equipment categories) .....................................................41 8.12.1 Waiver 41 8.12.2 Purpose 41 8.12.3 Method of test ............................................................................................42 8.12.4 Required result ..........................................................................................42 (4.5.1) Electromagnetic emission – Methods of testing and required test results ............42 General .................................................................................................................42 Conducted emissions (all equipment categories except portable)...........................43 9.2.1 Purpose .....................................................................................................43 9.2.2 Method of test ............................................................................................43 9.2.3 Required result ..........................................................................................43 9.3 Radiated emissions from enclosure port (all equipment categories except submerged) ...........................................................................................................43 9.3.1 Purpose .....................................................................................................43 9.3.2 Method of test ............................................................................................43 9.3.3 Required result ..........................................................................................44 10 (4.5.1) Immunity to electromagnetic environment – Methods of testing and required test results ......................................................................................................................44 9.1 9.2 10.1 General .................................................................................................................44 10.2 Radio Receiver Equipment ....................................................................................45 10.2.1 Exclusion band ..........................................................................................45 10.2.2 Assessment of receiver responses .............................................................46 10.3 Immunity to conducted radio frequency interference ..............................................46 10.3.1 Purpose 46 10.3.2 Method of test ............................................................................................46 10.3.3 Required result ..........................................................................................47 10.4 Immunity to radiated radiofrequencies (all equipment categories except submerged ) ..........................................................................................................47 10.4.1 Purpose 47 10.4.2 Method of test ............................................................................................47 10.4.3 Required result ..........................................................................................47 10.5 Immunity to fast transients on a.c.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2014/02/28/80-286e-60945/

28/02/2014 www.fichier-pdf.fr

immunosuppression in sepsis 90%

These results suggest that therapies that improve host immunity might increase survival.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/10/26/immunosuppression-in-sepsis/

26/10/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Kipnis2016Science 87%

REVIEW Multifaceted interactions between adaptive immunity and the central nervous system Jonathan Kipnis Neuroimmunologists seek to understand the interactions between the central nervous system (CNS) and the immune system, both under homeostatic conditions and in diseases.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/11/23/kipnis2016science/

23/11/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

dnc-241 86%

PLAINTIFF’S OMNIBUS MEMORANDUM OF LAW IN OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANTS’ MOTIONS TO DISMISS AND RUSSIA’S STATEMENT OF IMMUNITY i Case 1:18-cv-03501-JGK Document 241 Filed 04/18/19 Page 2 of 160 TABLE OF CONTENTS I.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2019/06/27/dnc-241/

27/06/2019 www.fichier-pdf.fr

s41586 020 2550 z reference 85%

s41586 020 2550 z reference https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2550-z Accelerated Article Preview W E I V E R P E L C I T R A D E T A R E L E C C A SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell immunity in cases of COVID-19 and SARS, and uninfected controls Received:

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2020/08/01/s41586-020-2550-zreference/

01/08/2020 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Medical fees 80%

polio 35.00 10 Measles, Mumps and Rubella 45.00 11 Hepatitis B 40.00 12 Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B Combined 40.00 13 Varicella 14 Pneumococcal - Adult 40.00 15 Pneumococcal - Child 75.00 16 Influenza 22.00 17 Meningococcal MCV 35.00 18 Rotavirus 67.00 19 Hepatitis A 40.00 20 Hepatitis B Child 40.00 21 DTaP + Hib 45.00 Syphillis Treatment (if available) or Private Prescription Cost for Treatment Drug Screen Immunity Screen for Measles Immunity Screen for Mumps Immunity Screen for Rubella IV018a Medical Questionaire Updated May 2015.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/10/05/medical-fees/

05/10/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

upenn體檢 75%

Three doses (doses one and two given at least four weeks apart and the third dose should be at least four to six months after second dose) or a blood test showing immunity.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2011/11/28/upenn/

28/11/2011 www.fichier-pdf.fr

etd-study disruption in the energy balance after vaccination 74%

(format according to Endocrine - Toxic - Degenerative analysis) Location immunity on the Kirlian photograph In the Chinese philosophy immunity is related to the element metal or air, which contain the organs lungs and colon.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/06/21/etd-study-disruption-in-the-energy-balance-after-vaccination/

21/06/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

كتيب بعلم المناعة 73%

(Immunology‬‬ ‫هﻮ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻳﺨﺘﺺ ﺑﺪراﺳﺔ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺴﻢ‬ ‫‪ .١٫١‬اﻟﺠﻬﺎز اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ)‪:(Immune system‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺴﻢ اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﺟﻬﺎز دﻓﺎﻋﻲ دﻗﻴﻖ اﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺘﻪ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺴﺎن أن ﻳﺤﻴﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻠﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﻟﻤﻬﺎﺟﻤﺔ ﻟﺠﺴﺪﻩ‪ .‬ووﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎز اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ هﻮ اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﻠﻰ أﻳﺔ ﻣﺎدة ﻏﺮﻳﺒﺔ)‪ (Antigen‬ﺗﺪﺧﻞ اﻟﺠﺴﻢ وﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻪ‬ ‫واﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪ ،‬وﻋﺎدة ﻣﺎ ﺗﻜﻮن هﺬﻩ اﻟﻤﺎدة ﺿﺎرة ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﺒﻜﺘﺮﻳﺎ‬ ‫أو اﻟﻔﻴﺮوﺳﺎت أو اﻟﻄﻔﻴﻠﻴﺎت‪ .‬وهﻮ ﻣﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪة ﺧﻼﻳﺎ وأﻋﻀﺎء ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪة وﻣﻮاد‬ ‫آﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﻪ ﻣﺤﻔﺰﻩ وﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼت وﻋﺪة ﺧﻄﻮط دﻓﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﺤﺪ آﻠﻴﺎ ﺑﻐﺮض اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب‪ .‬وﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ إﻟﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.١٫١٫١‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ )‪ :(Natural Immunity‬ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﻻ ﺗﺨﺘﺺ ﺑﻤﺤﺎرﺑﺔ ﻣﺴﺒﺐ ﻣﺮﺿﻲ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﺗﺘﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪة ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺰﻳﺎﺋﻴﺔ وﻓﺴﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ وﺧﻠﻮﻳﺔ واﻟﺘﻬﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﻳﺤﺠﺰ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوﺑﺎت وﻳﺒﻘﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺎرج ﺣﺪود اﻟﺠﺴﻢ‪ .‬واﻟﺒﻌﺾ اﻵﺧﺮ ﻳﺘﺼﺮف ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻣﺤﺎوﻻ اﺣﺘﻮاء‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب وﻣﻨﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ اﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎر‪.‬‬ ‫‪.١٫١٫٢‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻜﺘﺴﺒﺔ)‪ :( Acquired Immunity‬ﺗﻨﺸﺄ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻌﺮض‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﻟﻺﺻﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮض ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻘﻮم اﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﺑﺘﻜﻮﻳﻦ أﺟﺴﺎم ﻣﻀﺎدة ﻟﻠﻤﻴﻜﺮوب‬ ‫)‪ (Antibodies‬ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ ﻧﻮع ﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ اﻟﺪﻣﻮﻳﺔ اﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎء )اﻟﻠﻴﻤﻔﺎوﻳﺔ( ﺗﻨﺸﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺪورهﺎ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺴﺒﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫وآﻼ اﻟﻨﻮﻋﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﻻ ﻳﻨﻔﺼﻞ ﻋﻦ اﻵﺧﺮ ﺑﻞ ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ ﻟﻪ ﻹﺗﻤﺎم ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب‪ .‬وﻓﻲ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺳﻨﻮﺿﺢ آﻴﻔﻴﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ هﺬا اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻓﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﻨﻮﻋﻴﺔ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻳﺎ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ ‪Figure1 :‬‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫‪ .١٫٢‬ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﺤﺎول ﻣﻴﻜﺮوب ﻣﺎ اﻟﺘﺴﻠﻞ إﻟﻰ داﺧﻞ اﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ﻳﻮاﺟﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.١٫٢٫١‬‬ ‫أوﻻ‪ :‬اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﺧﻂ اﻟﺪﻓﺎع اﻷول ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻮاﺟﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪.١‬‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻠﺪ اﻟﺴﻠﻴﻢ‪ :‬اﻟﺠﻠﺪ هﻮ ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ ﺧﻼﻳﺎ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻼﺧﺘﺮاق ﻣﻘﺎوﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺎء‬ ‫ذو درﺟﺔ ﺣﻤﻀﻴﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ)‬ ‫‪ (pH = 3-5‬وهﻲ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻟﻨﻤﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب‪ .‬ﺗﺴﺘﻮﻃﻦ اﻟﺠﻠﺪ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﻜﺘﺮﻳﺎ اﻟﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﻤﺮﺿﺔ ‪Normal flora‬‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﺘﻞ اﻏﻠﺐ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻓﺬ واﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﻳﻠﺘﺼﻖ اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب‬ ‫اﻟ ُﻤﻤ ِﺮض‪ .‬أﻳﻀﺎ إﻓﺮازات اﻟﺘﻌﺮق اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺼﺐ ﺧﺎرج اﻟﺠﻠﺪ ﺗﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮاد ﺳﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺣﻴﺎء اﻟﻤﺠﻬﺮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.٢‬‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻮهﺎت اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪ :‬آﺎﻷﻧﻒ واﻷذن ﺗﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﺗﺴﻠﻜﻪ اﻟﺠﺮاﺛﻴﻢ ﻟﻠﺪﺧﻮل‬ ‫إﻟﻰ أﺟﺴﺎﻣﻨﺎ‪ .‬ﻟﻜﻦ وﺟﻮد اﻷﻏﺸﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻃﻴﺔ واﻷهﺪاب اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻐﻄﻴﻬﺎ واﻟﺸﻌﻴﺮات‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﺣﺎﺟﺰا ﻳﻌﻴﻖ دﺧﻮﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.٣‬‬ ‫إﻓﺮازات اﻟﻌﻴﻦ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ دﻣﻮع و إﻧﺰﻳﻤﺎت ﻣﺤﻠﻠﺔ ‪ lysozyme‬ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻏﺴﻞ اﻟﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺗﺮﺑﺔ وﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﺠﺪار اﻟﺨﻠﻮي ﻟﻠﺒﻜﺘﺮﻳﺎ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.٤‬‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز اﻟﻬﻀﻤﻲ ﻳﺤﺘﻮي أﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ إﻧﺰﻳﻤﺎت ﻣﺤﻠﻠﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻠﻌﺎب وأﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ أﺣﻤﺎض ﺗﻔﺮز ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻌﺪة ﺗﻘﺘﻞ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوﺑﺎت اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﻔﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‪Figure2:‬‬ ‫‪.٥‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ أن ﺗﺘﺨﻄﻰ اﻟﺠﺮاﺛﻴﻢ ﺣﻮاﺟﺰ اﻟﺪﻓﺎع اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ وﺗﺼﻞ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺪم واﻷﻧﺴﺠﺔ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ اﻟﺠﺴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﺪأ دور اﻟﻌﻮاﻣﻞ اﻻﻟﺘﻬﺎﺑﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺪﻓﺎع‪ .‬ﻳﺴﺒﺐ اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب ﺗﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻧﺴﺠﺔ أو اﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﺠﺮح أو ﻣﻮاد ﺳﻤﻴﺔ ﻳﻔﺮزهﺎ‪ .‬ﺗﺨﺮج ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ واﻷﻧﺴﺠﺔ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻔﺔ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺪم وهﺬﻩ اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺎت ﺗﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﻮاد ﻣﺤﻔﺰة ﺗﺮﺳﻞ‬ ‫إﺷﺎرات ﻟﻠﺨﻼﻳﺎ اﻟﺒﻠﻌﻤﻴﺔ)‪ (Phagocytes‬آﻲ ﺗﺄﺗﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺎﺑﺔ ‪ .‬ﻋﻨﺪهﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺮز اﻟﺨﻼﻳﺎ اﻟﺒﻠﻌﻤﻴﺔ ﻣﻮاد آﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺴﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺰداد ﺣﺮارﺗﻬﺎ و ﻳﺰداد ﺗﺪﻓﻖ اﻟﺪم ﻓﻴﻬﺎ وﺗﺰداد ﻧﻔﺎذﻳﺔ اﻟﺸﻌﻴﺮات ﻟﺘﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺮور أآﺒﺮ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻳﺎ اﻟﺪم اﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎء آﻲ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻓﻲ اﺣﺘﻮاء اﻟﻤﻴﻜﺮوب‬ ‫وهﺬا ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻟﺘﻬﺎب ‪ .

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2016/12/04/fichier-pdf-sans-nom-1/

04/12/2016 www.fichier-pdf.fr

10.1080@14712598.2017.1378641 72%

The development and use of new adjuvants and delivery systems are described and the future of mucosal immunization and the new concept of trained immunity in Tb is discussed.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2017/09/23/10-1080-14712598-2017-1378641/

23/09/2017 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Field Test Stat Cards Khador 72%

FOCUS 6 QUAD-IRON Target model/unit without Immunity:

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2010/04/13/yoemddl/

13/04/2010 www.fichier-pdf.fr

GROUPE D’ETUDE DE L’AUTOIMMUNITE MAROCAIN 68%

geaim4@gmail.com Page 2 CREATION DU GROUPE D’ETUDE DE L’AUTO-IMMUNITE MAROCAIN (GEAIM) BIOLOGISTS AND CLINICAL PHYSICIANS JOIN TO CREATE THE MOROCCAN AUTO-IMMUNITY STUDY GROUP (GEAIM) Autoimmunity is, in a way, a self-destruction of the body, resulting from a dysfunction of the immune system :

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2017/01/29/groupe-d-etude-de-l-autoimmunite-marocain/

29/01/2017 www.fichier-pdf.fr

AIHR-IADH-Human rights Press Review- 2013.11.20 68%

Support Justice, Reject Immunity‬‬ ‫‪Affirm Core Principles of Accountability, Independence‬‬ ‫‪at Annual Meeting‬‬ ‫موقع اليوم العالمي إلنهاء‬ ‫اإلفالت من العقاب‬ ‫كل المعلومات عن أنشطة‬ ‫المعهد من خالل هذا‬ ‫الرابط‬ ‫‪United Nations Division‬‬ ‫‪for Palestinian Rights‬‬ ‫‪The entrance of the International Criminal Court (ICC).© 2011 Reuters‬‬ ‫)‪Member countries of the International Criminal Court (ICC‬‬ ‫‪should reject efforts to provide immunity from prosecution to‬‬ ‫‪sitting government leaders, Human Rights Watch said today.‬‬ ‫‪The court’s 122 member countries are expected to take part‬‬ ‫‪Special Rapporteur on‬‬ ‫‪the situation of human‬‬ ‫‪rights in the Palestinian‬‬ ‫‪territories occupied since‬‬ ‫‪1967, Richard Falk,‬‬ ‫‪presented his report to‬‬ the General Assembly The United Nations Special Rapporteur on transitional justice, Pablo de Greiff in the annual session of the Assembly of States Parties, which begins on November 20, 2013, in The Hague.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/11/20/aihr-iadh-human-rights-press-review-2013-11-20/

20/11/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Antibody and vaccine 67%

They probably act, in most cases, by blunting the infection, which is then resolved by cellular immunity.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2010/10/20/antibody-and-vaccine/

20/10/2010 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Si846x 65%

1.5 ns pulse width distortion 0.5 ns channel-channel skew 2 ns propagation delay skew  Up to 2500 VRMS isolation  Narrow Body SOIC VDD1 16 VDD2 1 A1 2 15 B1 A2 14 B2 3 A3 4 13 B3 A4 5 12 B4 A5 11 B5 6 A6 7 10 B6 GND1 9 GND2 8 Transient Immunity:

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2009/09/01/zv378wz/

01/09/2009 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Professeur Sergeant 63%

The conflicting results in these and other studies appear to have occurred because the protective effect of the sickle cell trait was overshadowed by the role of acquired immunity.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/01/20/professeur-sergeant/

20/01/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

A Review Of Measles, Mumps, Rubella, And Varicella. 63%

at Mount Sinai, New York, NY Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA Case Presentations 2013, approximately 21.5 million children did not receive the first dose of the measles vaccine, and 60% of these children were from 6 countries—India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.1 Even in industrialized countries with national vaccination guidelines (eg, the United States), vaccination coverage for measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella in school-aged children is not complete.2 Vaccine failures, waning immunity, vaccine rejection, and public fear have led to community outbreaks and clinical sequelae in those exposed and affected.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2017/09/15/a-review-of-measles-mumps-rubella-and-varicella/

15/09/2017 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Adaptive immune cells intial innate response 62%

This suggests that constant 1Center for Infection and Immunity and National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Da Tun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2010/10/20/adaptive-immune-cells-intial-innate-response/

20/10/2010 www.fichier-pdf.fr

poser 60%

 Immunity  System   AcHvaHon     domain       1.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2014/06/17/poser/

17/06/2014 www.fichier-pdf.fr

RN1604 ICE105PFS-TH-SCHEDA TECNICA 60%

% λ 0,98 C° 0 - 47 (240V) 0 - 53 (230V) C° 87 TRIAC IGBT SI YES SI YES SI YES SI YES SI YES SI YES mm² 2x0,75 mm² 2x0,75 g 120 25 CE - ENEC - EMC NORME DI RIFERIMENTO STANDARDS REFERENCES Sicurezza/Safety Radio disturbi/Radio interferencies Armoniche/Harmonics Immunità/Immunity :EN61347-1,61347-2-2 :EN55015 :EN61000-3-2 :EN61547 Per esigenze costruttive e/o normative il costruttore si riserva di variare in qualsiasi momento e senza preavviso le caratteristiche del prodotto illustrato.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2014/12/18/rn1604-ice105pfs-th-scheda-tecnica/

18/12/2014 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Angus,NEJM,2013Review (1) 60%

and the Center for Experimental and Molecular Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, and Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (T.P.).

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2013/10/19/angus-nejm-2013review-1/

19/10/2013 www.fichier-pdf.fr

Black 60%

About the Author Justin Seitz is a senior security researcher for Immunity, Inc., where he spends his time bug hunting, reverse engineering, writing exploits, and coding Python.

https://www.fichier-pdf.fr/2014/12/27/black/

27/12/2014 www.fichier-pdf.fr