X2NLA transcription .pdf


Nom original: X2NLA_transcription.pdfTitre: Microsoft Word - LEA X2NLA_transcription.docAuteur: LPP

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LEA X2NLA – Programme amménagé 2009
TRANSCRIPTION EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE

General remarks:
- Religiously apply the transcription conventions outlined in the first semester.
- Begin & end phonemic transcriptions with oblique brackets (/.../).
- Do not use any punctuation signs.
- Only use the symbols given in the brochure (page 4).
- Don’t be influenced by spelling (e.g. six => /'sɪks/).
- Pay attention to precision of symbols (e.g. /z/, /ð/, /j/) & beware handwriting habits
(e.g. /z/ ≠ /ʒ /).
- Remember that certain symbols only occur in specific contexts (e.g. in Standard
British English, ‘r’ is only pronounced when followed by a phonemic vowel, including
linking-‘r’ as in /ðǝ 'fɪǝr ǝv ɪt/; the vowel /ǝ/ never occurs in stressed syllables, etc.).
How to proceed:
- Read the text carefully.
- Indicate all stressed syllables on the written version of the text, using small vertical
marks before the syllables carrying primary stress.
- Apply basic stress rule: lexical (content) words are always stressed; grammatical
(function) words are usually unstressed and reduced, but take note of exceptions
(stressed function words, full forms, role of context...).
- Do not write a draft version (only use it for particularly difficult words); gradually
add all the stresses of your graphic version into your transcription.
- Always reread your transcription carefully. Does the transcription correspond to the
intended pronunciation?
Provide a phonemic transcription of the following sentences. Do not forget to indicate
stressed syllables and use vowel reductions and weak forms where appropriate. Read the
sentences out loud for practice.

1. Either war is obsolete, or men are. (R. Buckminster Fuller)
/ aɪðǝ 'wɔ:r ɪz 'ɒbsǝli:t ɔ: 'men ɑ: /
2. Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth only makes the whole world blind. (M. Gandhi)
/ 'aɪ fǝr 'aɪ ǝn 'tu:Ɵ fǝ 'tu:Ɵ 'ǝʊnli 'meɪks ðǝ 'hǝʊl 'wɜ:ld 'blaɪnd /

3. There's no such thing as a free lunch. (anonymous)
/ ðǝz 'nǝʊ 'sʌʧ 'Ɵɪŋ ǝz ǝ 'fri: 'lʌnʧ /
4. For I don't care too much for money, money can't buy me love. (Lennon / McCartney)
/ fǝr aɪ 'dǝʊnt 'keǝ 'tu: 'mʌʧ fǝ 'mʌni 'mʌni 'kɑ:nt 'baɪ mi 'lʌv /
5. We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars. (O. Wilde)
/ wi ǝr 'ɔ:l ɪn ðǝ 'gʌtǝ bǝt sǝm ǝv ʌs ǝ 'lʊkɪŋ ǝt ðǝ 'stɑ:z /
6. In those days I didn’t know Dean as well as I do now. (J. Kerouac)
/ ɪn 'ðǝʊz 'deɪz aɪ 'dɪdnt 'nǝʊ 'di:n ǝz 'wel ǝz aɪ 'du: 'naʊ /
7. Here’s another fine mess you’ve gotten me into. (O. Hardy)
/ 'hɪǝz ǝ'nʌðǝ 'faɪn 'mes juv 'gɒtn mi ɪntu: /
8. Yesterday’s news are tomorrow’s fish and chip paper. (E. Costello)
/ 'jestǝdiz 'nju:z ǝ tǝ'mɒrǝʊz 'fɪʃ n 'ʧɪp 'peɪpǝ /
9. If I had not shot Delia, I would have had her for my wife. (J. Cash)
/ ɪf aɪ (ǝ)d 'nɒt 'ʃɒt 'di:liǝ aɪ wǝd ǝv 'hæd ǝ fǝ maɪ 'waɪf /
10. The pen is mightier than the sword. (E. Bulwer-Lytton)
/ ðǝ 'pen ɪz 'maɪtiǝ ðǝn ðǝ 'sɔ:d /
11. English is full of booby traps for the unwary foreigner. (B. Bryson)
/ 'ɪŋglɪʃ ɪz 'fʊl ǝv 'bu:bi 'træps fǝ ði ʌn'weǝri 'fɒrǝnǝ /


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