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YABUMOTO, Y. & UYENO, T. (1994) (Meso Cénozoïque Japon) .pdf



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Titre: Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic fish faunas of Japan

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Th,e Island Arc (1994) 3, 255-269

Thematic Article
Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic fish faunas of Japan
YOSHITAKA YAEXJMOTO' AND m
U
Y
A UYENO'
lKitakyushu Museum and Institute of Natural History, Yakata Station Building, Nishihonmachi, 3-chome,
Yahatahigashiku, Kitakyushu 805 and 2National Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract A review of the chondrichthyan and osteichthyan fish fossils found in Japan is provided
in the form of a series of tabular compilations covering the Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic Era. On
the basis of this compilation, considerable changes are recognized in the fish faunas over a period
of time. At the end of the Cretaceous Period a number of cartilaginous fishes disappeared. From
the Oligocene to the Miocene, modern sharks including the family Carcharhinidae increased,
whereas the Hexanchidae and Lamnidae declined. Most Miocene teleostean fishes differ from the
Recent congeners at the species level.
Key words: Cenozoic, fossil fish, Japan, Mesozoic.

INTRODUCTION
Fish fossils have been found in various Mesozoic
and Cenozoic deposits a t numerous localities in
Japan. From several sites in Hokkaido and northeastern Honshu, Cretaceous shark teeth have been
reported (Research Group for Mesozoic Fossil
Shark 1977). Uyeno et al. (1981) described some
Cretaceous fish fossils from Ehime Prefecture in
Shikoku. From the Paleogene deposits in Kitakyushu City, the Oligocene elasmobranch fossils are
reported (Uyeno et al. 1984). Many Miocene elasmobranch fossils are found a t Mizunami in Gifu
Prefecture (Itoigawa et al. 1985). There are representatives from each period of the Late Mesozoic
and Cenozoic in Japan. On the basis of these
published and unpublished records of fish fossils, a
general review of the Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic
fish faunas was made, and from this, changes in
the fish faunas can be determined.

CHRONOLOGIC REVIEW OF THE FOSSIL RECORD
CRETACEOUS MARINE FISHES OF JAPAN (TABLES 1-4)

From Cretaceous sediments, the elasmobranch
genera Ptychodus, Hexanchus, Cretolamna,
Scapanorhynchus, Orthacodus and Ischyrhiza are
found in areas from Hokkaido, the northeastern
part of Honshu, Shikoku Island and Amakusa in
the middle part of Kyushu (Uyeno et al. 1975a;

Table 1 Late Cretaceous fish fossils from Nemuro, Hokkaido
(Uyeno & Matsui 1993). Locality no. 1 in Fig. 1.
Chondrichthyes
Clamydoselac hidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Hexanchidae
Notidanodon, cf. N. lanceolatus (Woodward)
Orthacodontidae
Sphenodus sp.
Mitsukurinidae
Scapanorhynchus sp.
Squalidae
Centrophoroides, cf. C. latidens Davis
Gen. & sp. indet.
Sclerorhynchidae
Sclerorhynchus sp.
Osteichthyes
Myctophidae
Gen. & sp. indet.

Research Group for Mesozoic Fossil Shark 1977;
Uyeno et al. 1981; Uyeno & Hasegawa 1986).
Eurypholis japonicus (Osteichthyes, Eurypholidae) is described from the Izumi Group in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture (Uyeno & Minakawa
1983) (Table 3).
PALEOGENE MARINE FISHES OF JAPAN (TABLES 5-7)

There are few fossil records from Paleogene sediments in Japan. Fossils of elasmobranch genera

256

Y. Yabumoto and T. Uyeno

Table 2 Late Cretaceous elasmobranchs from Hokkaido and

Table 5 Eocene elasmobranchs from the Kattachi Formation

northeastern Honshu (Uyeno 1972; Research Group for Mesozoic Fossil Shark 1977). Locality no. 5 in Fig. 1.

in Omuta, Fukuoka Prefecture (Yabumoto 1989; unpubl.
record). Locality no. 37 in Fig. 1.

Chondrichthyes
Hexanchidae
Notidanoton sp.
Hexanchus microdon Agassiz
Ptychodontidae
Ptychodus mammilaris Agassiz
Ptychodus latissimus Agassiz
Orthacodontidae
Orthacodus longidens Agassiz
Orthacodus sp.
Odontaspididae
Odontaspis sp.
Scapanorhynchidae
Scapanorhynchus rhaphiodon (Agassiz)
Scapanwhynchus sp.
Anomatodon sp. 1
Anomatodon sp. 2
Lamnidae
Cretolamna appendiculata appendiculata (Agassiz)
?Cretolamna appendiculata lata (Agassiz)
Plicatolamna macrorhiza (Cope)

Chondrichthyes
Odontaspididae
Striatolamia sp.
Lamnidae
Isurus sp.
Lamna sp.
Carcharodon a u r h l a t u s Blainville
C. angustidens (Agassiz)
C. nodai Yabumoto

Table 3 Late Cretaceous fishes from the Izumi Group in
Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture (Uyeno et al. 1981; Uyeno &
Minakawa 1983). Locality no. 32 in Fig. 1.
Chondrichthyes
Hexanchidae
Hezanchus microdon (Agassiz)
Lamnidae
Squalicwax sp.
Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz)
Cretolamna sp.
Orthacodontidae
Orthacodus longidens (Agassiz)
Osteichthyes
Eurypholidae
Eurypholis j a p o n h s Uyeno & Minakawa

Table 4 Late Cretaceous elasmobranchs from Amakusa, central Kyushu (unpubl. record). Locality no. 38 in Fig. 1.
Chondrichthyes
Ptychodontidae
Ptychodus mammillaris Agassiz
Hexanchidae
Notidanodon sp.
Notorhynchus sp.
Lamnidae
Cretolamna sp.
Anacoracidae
Squalicwax sp.
Palaeospinacidae
Paraorthacodus SD.

Table 6 Early Oligocene elasmobranchs from Iwaki in Fukushima Prefecture (Suzuki 1991). Locality no. 11 in Fig. 1.
Chondrichthyes
Hexanchidae
Hexanchus sp.
Heterodontididae
Heterodontus sp.
Odontaspidae
Odontaspis sp.
Lamnidae
Isurus hastalis (Agassiz)
Isurus desori (Sismonda)
Lamna sp.
Carcharhinidae
Galeoeerdo sp.
Negaprion sp.
Squatinidae
Sauatina SW.

Table 7 Late Oligocene elasmobranchs from the Ashiya Group
in Kitakyushu (Uyeno et al. 1984). Locality no. 34 in Fig. 1.
-~

Chondrichthyes
Hexanchidae
Hexanchus sp. A
Hexanchus sp. B
Heterodontidae
Heterodontus sp.
Odontaspididae
Odontaspis sp.
Lamnidae
Cetorhinus sp.
Isurus desori (Sismonda)
Carcharodon angustidens (Agassiz)
Carcharhinidae
Galeorhinus sp.
Carcharhinus spp.
Galeocerdo sp.
Negaprion sp.
Squalidae
Squalus sp.
Squatinidae
Squatina sp.
Myliobatididae
Myliobatis sp.

Japanese Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic $shes

257

Striatolamia, Isurus, Lamna and Carcharodon
are found from the Kattachi Formation in Omuta
City in Fukuoka Prefecture. Three species of the
genus Carcharodon; C. auriculatus, C. angustidens and C. nodai, are recognized among the
fossils from the Kattachi Formation.
Oligocene elasmobranch fossils are reported
from the Lower Oligocene Iwaki Formation of the
Shiramizu Group in Iwaki City, Fukushima Prefecture and the Upper Oligocene Ashiya Group in
Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture (Uyeno et al.
1984; Yabumoto 1987a; Suzuki 1991). The fossils
of the genus Hexunchus are abundant in both the
Iwaki Formation and the Ashiya Group. Carcharodon angustidens is recognized from the Ashiya
Group, but it is absent in the fossils of the Iwaki
Formation.

Table 9 Middle Miocene elasmobranchs from eastern Yamanashi Prefecture (Uyeno & Ono 1982). Locality no. 21 in
Fig. 1.

NEOGENE MARINE FISHES OF JAPAN (TABLES 8-21)

Chondrichthyes
Lamnidae
Isums sp.
Lamna sp.

There are many Neogene fish fossils recorded from
numerous localities. The main localities are shown
in Fig. 1, and the species lists are given in
Tables 8-20. Almost complete tooth sets of Carcharodon megalodon were discovered from Miocene sediments in Saitama and Gunma prefectures
(Goto et al. 1983; Uyeno et al. 1989). From
Pliocene sediments, a nearly complete tooth set of

Chondrichthyes
Lamnidae

Isurus hastalis (Agassiz)
Carcharodon sp.
Carcharhinidae

Hemipristis serra Agassiz
Carcharhinus sp. A
Carcharhinus sp. B
Carcharhinus sp. C
Carcharhinus sp. D
Negaprion sp.
Squatinidae

Squatina sp.
Table 10 Miocene elasmobranchs from the Tomikusa Group in
Nagano Prefecture (Hasegawa & Uyeno 1967). Locality no. 20
in Fig. 1.

Carcharodon megalodon (Agassiz)
Carcharodon sp.
Otodus sp.
Xiphodolamia? sp.
Carcharhinidae

Carcharhinus sp.
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz
Negaprion? sp.
Squalidae

Table 8 Miocene fishes from Chichibu Basin, Saitama, Japan
(Uyeno et al. 1983; Uyeno & Sakamoto 1985; Sakamoto &
Uyeno 1992). Locality no. 15 in Fig. 1.
Chondrichthyes
Hexanchidae
Hexanchus sp.
Odontaspididae
Odontaspis sp.
Cetorhinidae

Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus)
Lamnidae

Isurus hastalis (Agassiz)
Isurus desori (Sismonda)
Carcharodon megalodon (Agassiz)
Parotodus benedeni (Le Hon)
Carcharhinidae

Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz
Carcharhinus sp.
Hemipristis serra Agassiz
Negapricm sp.
Squatinidae

Squalus sp.
Myliobatididae
Myliobatis sp.
Gen. & sp. indet. A
Gen. & sp. indet. B

Isurus hastalis was found in Chiba Prefecture
(Uyeno et al. 1990).
Records of teleostean fish fossils become abundant in Neogene sediments of Japan. Miocene deep
sea fishes are found from northern Honshu and
Chita Peninsula in Tokai district (Sato 1962, 1966,
1969). Shallow water fish fossils are found from
Miocene sediments of Tottori Prefecture (Uyeno &
Suda 1991; Yabumoto & Uyeno 1994). Abundant
Pleistocene marine fishes are found from Tanegashima Island in Kagoshima Prefecture (Yabumot0 & Uyeno 1990).

Squatina sp.
Osteichthyes
Scombridae

Scornbermorus sp.
Pleuronectidae

Suitamapsetta nomurai Sakamoto and Uyeno

LATE MESOZOIC AND CENOZOIC FRESHWATER FISH FOSSILS
IN JAPAN

Significant Cretaceous freshwater fish fossils were
discovered from the Wakino Subgroup of the

258

Y. Yabumoto and T. Uyeno

Table 11 Middle Miocene elasmobranchs from the Mizunami
Group in Gifu Prefecture (Itoigawa et al. 1985). Locality no.
24 in Fig. 1.

Table 12 Middle Miocene elasmobranchs from the Ichishi Formation in Tsu, Mie Prefecture (Uyeno et al. 1980). Locality no.

Chlamydoselachidae

Chondrichthyes
Lamnidae

Chlamydoselachus? sp.
Hexanchidae

Hexanchus spp.
Heptranchias? sp.

27 in Fig. 1.

Carcharodon sulcidens (Agassiz)
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque
Carcharodon meaalodon (Aaassiz)

Orectolobidae

Nebrius delfortriei (Daimeries)
Odontaspididae

Odontaspis acutissima Agassiz
Odontaspis, cf. volax Le Hon
Odontaspis cuspidata (Agassiz)
Pseudocarcharias sp.
Scyliorhinidae
Galeus? sp.
Lamnidae
Alopias, cf. latidens (Leriche)
Alopias cfr. exigua (Probst)
Alopias sp.
Cetorhinus spp.
Carcharodon megalodon (Agassiz)
Isurus benedeni (Le Hon)
Isurus retrojfexus (Agassiz)
Isurus desori (Sismonda)
Isurus hastalis (Agassiz)
Isurus, cf. paucus Guitart Manday
Isurus, cf. oxyrinchus Rafinesque
Carcharhinidae
Hemipristis serra Agassiz
Carcharhinus eggertoni (Agassiz)
Carcharhinus spp.
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz
Negaprion kraussi (Probst)
‘Negaprion’ cfr. acanthodon (Le Hon)
Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp.
Squalidae
Squalus spp.
Dalatias licha (Bonnarterre)
Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus sp.
Squatinidae
Squatina sp.
Rhinobatidae
Rhynchobatus spp.
Rajidae
Raja spp.
Dasyatidae
‘Dasyatis’ nipponensis (Hatai & Kataka)
Dasyatis sp.
Myliobatididae
Aetobatis sp.
Rhinoptera sp.
Mobulidae
Manta sp.
Mobula? sp.

Kwanmon Group in Kitakyushu City of Fukuoka
Prefecture (Uyeno 1979; Yabumoto 1994). Many
freshwater fish fossils are found from Neogene
sediments in Japan. Among them, the freshwater
fish fossils from Iki Island in Nagasaki Prefecture

(Hayashi 1975) and Kusu Basin in Oita Prefecture
(Uyeno et al. 1975b; Yamumoto 1987b) are representatives of Miocene and Pleistocene freshwater
fishes in Japan.
FAUNAL CHANGES AMONG THE LATE MESOZOIC AND
CENOZOIC FISHES IN JAPAN

Considerable changes in fish faunas occurred a t the
end of the Cretaceous. Elasmobranch genera Ptychodus, Notidanodon, Hexanchus, Squalicorax,
Scapanorhynchus,
Cretolamna, Orthacodus,
Paraorthacodus, Ischyrhixa and others are found
in the Cretaceous sediments. Hexanchus, Carcharodon and Odontaspis are abundant in Oligocene
sediments. Cretaceous genera Ptychodus, Squalicorax, and Ischyrhixa seem to become extinct a t
the end of the Cretaceous. Shark fossils are especially abundant in Miocene beds. After the Early
Miocene, modern sharks of the family Carcharhinidae became abundant, and sharks of the Hexanchidae and Lamnidae were on the decline
(Table 22).
Few teleostean marine fish fossils are found in
Cretaceous sediments, for example Eurypholis
from Ehime Prefecture. Abundant teleostean fish
fossils have been found from Miocene beds in
northern Honshu, the Tokai district, Tottori Prefecture and several other localities (Fig. 1). Miocene
fish genera are mostly assignable to extant genera.
Abundant fishes are found from Pleistocene beds in
Tanegashima Island. Most of Pleistocene fishes are
assignable to extant species (Table 23).
Records of marine teleostean fish fossils are few
in the Mesozoic, especially in the Triassic and
Jurassic in Japan, but abundant freshwater fish
fossils are found from the Cretaceous beds in the
northern part of Kyushu Island. This freshwater
fish fauna somewhat resembles faunas of the same
age from southeastern China (Yabumoto 1994).
Abundant freshwater fish fossils are found from
the Miocene sediments, but these fossils have still
not been studied in detail. Further studies are
expected for these Miocene fish fossils. Numerous
pharyngeal teeth of Pliocene cyprinid fishes have

Japanese Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic $shes

259

Table 13 Late Cenozoic elasmobranchs of Hokuriku (Karasawa 1989). Locality no. 23 in Fig. 1.
~~~~

Chondrichthys
Hexanchidae

Hezanchus gigas (Sismonda)
Odontaspididae

Eugomphodus acutissima (Agassiz)
Eugomphodus cuspidatus (Agassiz)
Odontaspis volaz (Le Hon)

(Middle Miocene to Late Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)

Alopiidae

Alopias superciliosus (Lowe)
Lamnidae

Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus)
Cetorhinus sp.
Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus)
Camharodon megalodon (Agassiz)
Isurus desori (Sismonda)
Isurns hastalis (Agassiz)
Isurus planus (Agassiz)
Isurns oxrinchus Rafinesque
Parotodus benedeni (Le Hon)

(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Pliocene to Pleistocene)
(Middle Miocene to Pliocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene to Late Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Pleistocene)
(Middle Miocene)

Scyliorhinidae

Scyliorhinus kasenoi Karasawa

(Middle Miocene)

Carcharhinidae

Hemipristis serra Agassiz
Carcharhinus acanthodon (Le Hon)
Carcharhinus eggertoni (Agassiz)
Carcharhinus priscus (Agassiz)
Carcharhinus spp.
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz
Galeocerdo cuwier (Peron & Lesuer)
Gen. & sp. indet.

(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene to Late Miocene)
(Pleistocene)
(Middle Miocene)
(Pleistocene)
(Miocene)

Squalidae

Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre)
Squalus cfr. S. serriculus Jordan and Hannibal

(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)

Pristiop horidae

Pristiophorus sp.

(Middle Miocene)

Squatinidae

Squatina sp.

(Middle Miocene)

Rajidae

Dasyatis sp.
Gen. et SD. indet.

(Middle Miocene to Late Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)

Myliobatidai

Aetobatus sp.
Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp.

been found in the Kobiwako Group in Mie and
Shiga prefectures. The Pliocene cyprinid fauna is
different from the present fauna in Japan and
similar to the Miocene fauna in Japan and the
Pliocene and present ones in China at the genus
level (Nakajima 1986). Pleistocene freshwater
fishes found from Kusu Basin in Oita Prefecture
consist of extant freshwater species occurring in
Japan (Uyeno et al. 197513; Yabumoto 198713).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We wish to express our sincere gratitude to Dr
Lawrence G. Barnes of the Natural History Mu-

(Middle Miocene)
(Middle Miocene)

seum of Los Angeles County for his critical reading
of this manuscript. We are also grateful to Dr
Yoshikazu Hasegawa and Dr Masamichi Ota for
their encouragement.

REFERENCES
AOKI N. 1968. Some Pleistocene fish-otoliths from the
Boso and Miura peninsulas. Transactions and Proceedings of the Paleontological Society of Japan,
New Series, 71, 296-307.
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a fossil tooth belonging t o the shark genus Heptranchias, with a new Pristiophorus spine, both from the
Oligocene of Japan. Bulletin of the National Science

Museum, Tokyo 11, 195-200.

""2

\

Japanese Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic fishes

261

Table 16 Miocene teleostean fishes from the Morozaki Group

Table 17 Miocene teleostean fishes from Kokufu in Tottori

in Chita, Aichi Prefecture (Ohe 1993). 1,ocality no. 26 in Fig. 1.
Faunal characteristic: Mostly deep-sea fishes.

Prefecture (Uyeno 1975; Uyeno & Suda 1991; Sakamoto &
Uyeno 1993a; Yabumoto & Uyeno 1994) Locality no. 29 in
Fig. 1. Faunal characteristic: Shallow water and warm temperate.

Albulidae

Pterothrissus sp.
Halosauridae

Aldrovandia sp.
Notacanthidae

Notacanthus sp.
Clupeidae

Sardinops sp.
Argentinidae

Nansenia sp.
Bathylagidae

Bathylagus toyohamaensis Ohe
Bathylagus sp.
Gonostomatidae
Gowstoma spp.
Ich thyococcus sp.
Maurolicus sp.
Vinciguerria sp.
Cyclothone sp.
Polymetme sp.
Sternoptychidae
Polyipnus sp.
Chauliodontidae
Chauliodus sp.
Neoscopelidae
Neoscopelus sp.
Solivomer sp.
Myctophidae
Diaphus. sp.
Lampadena spp.
Lampanyctus spp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Macrouridae
Coelorhynchus sp.
Ventri,fssa sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Polymixiidae
Polymixia sp.
Scorpaenidae
Sebastolobus sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Percichthyidae
Howella sp.
Malakichthys sp.
Trichiuridae
Benthodesmus sp.
Scombrolabracidae
Scombrolabrax sp.
Scombridae
Scornber sp.
Scomberomorus sp.
Pleuronectidae
Clidoderma sp.
Atheresthes sp.

HATAI K. 1965. Some Pliocene fish otoliths from Japan.
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the 71, 296-307.

Clupeidae

Sardinella sp.
Sparidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Carangidae
Scomberoides maruoi Uyeno & Suda
Leiognathidae

Leiognathus tottari Yabumoto & Uyeno
Paralichthyidae

Paralichthys yamanai Sakamoto & Uyeno

Table 18 Pliocene elasmobranchs from Kanagawa Prefecture
(Uyeno & Matsushima, 1975). Locality no. 19 in Fig. 1.
Chondrichthys
Lamnidae

Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus)
Carcharhinidae

Carcharhinus sp.
Dalatiidae

Dalatias liehn (Bonnaterre)

Table 19 Pliocene and Pleistocene fishes from Okinawa-Jima
(Uyeno et al. 1974). Locality no. 43 in Fig. 1.
Pliocene
Chondrichthyes
Heterodontidae

Heterodontus sp.
Lamnidae

isurus, cf. paucus Cuitart Manday
Isurus sp. A
Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus japonieus Giinther
Pleistocene
Chondrichthyes
Lamnidae
Isurus sp. B
Isurus? sp.
Carcharhinidae

Carcharhinus sp. A-R (18 ~ p p . )
Galeocerdo sp.
Squatinidae

Squatina sp.
Osteichthyes
Diodontidae
Diodon sp. A
Diodon sp. B
Diodon SD. C

INOUE M. & UYENO T. 1968. Occurrence of two Paleogene fish fossils at Oyubari coal mine in central
Hokkaido, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science

Museum, Tokyo 11, 319-26.

262

Y. Yabumoto and T. Uyeno

Table 20 Early Pleistocene elasmobranchs from Yokohama,
Kanagawa Prefecture (Uyeno & Matsushima 1974). Locality
no. 18 in Fig. 1.

Chondrichthys
Lamnidae
Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus)
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque
Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinus sp.
Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna xygaena (Linnaeus)

Table 21 Pleistocene teleostean fishes from Tanegashima in
Kagoshima Prefecture (Yabumoto & Uyeno 1990; unpubl.
record). Locality no. 42 in Fig. 1. Faunal characteristic:
Shallow water and warm temperate to subtropical fishes of a
bay with a river-mouth.

Anguilliformes
Family indet.
Clupeidae
Sardinella sp.
Konosirus sp.
Plecoglossidae
Plecoglossus cf. P. altivelis Temminck & Schlegel
Hemiramphidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Scorpaenifores
Family indet.
Percichthiidae
Lateolabrax, cf. L. japonicus (Cuvier)
Teraponidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Kuhliidae
Kuhlia sp.
Carangidae
Gen. & sp. indet
Sparidae
Acanthopagrus sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Mugilidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gobiidae
Tridentigw sp.
Chaenogobius, cf. C. castaneus (O'Shaughnessy)
Amblychaeturichthys sp.
Percoidei, family indet.
Platycephalidae
Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus)
Pleuronectiformes
Family indet.

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central Japan. Monograph of the Mizunami Fossil
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NIINO H. 1951. Description of some fossil fishes and
prawns from Japan. Journal of the Tokyo University
of Fishery 38, 47-58.
OHE F. 1993. Osteichthyes. Deep fish assemblage from
the Middle Miocene Morozaki Group, southern part of
Chita Peninsula, Aichi Prefecture, central Japan. In:
Ohe F., Nonogaki K., Tanaka T. et al. (eds) Fossils
from the Miocene Morozaki Group, pp. 157-262.
The Tokai Fossil Society.
RESEARCH GROUPFOR MESOZOIC FOSSIL SHARK. 1977.
Cretaceous fossil elasmobranchs from Japan (First
report). Bulletin of the Mixunami Fossil Museum 4,
119-38.
SAKAMOTO K. & UYENO T. 1988. A fossil of the righteye
flounder, Clidoderma asperrimum, from Pliocene
Tatsunokuchi Formation, s o m a City, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science
Museum, Series C (Geology and Paleontology) 14,
37-43.
SAKAMOTO K. & UYENO T. 1991. Hippoglossoides kumaishi, a new Miocene righteye flounder from
Oshima Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan. Bulletin of the
National Science Museum, Series C (Geology and
Paleontology) 17, 165-72.
SAKAMOTO K. & UYENO T. 1992. Saitamapsetta nomurai gen. et sp. nov., a righteye flounder from a Middle
Miocene bed in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin
of the National Science Museum, Series C (Geology
and Paleontology) 18, 101-12.
SAKAMOTO K. & UYENO T. 1993a. Paralichthys yamanai, a new Middle Miocene lefteye flatfish from
Tottori, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science
Museum, Series C (Geology and Paleontology) 19,
1-9.
SAKAMOTO K. & UYENO T. 199313. A new Middle
Miocene righteye flatfish, Microstomus tochigiensis,
from Tochigi, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Series C (Geology and Paleontology)
19, 105-13.
SATOJ. 1962. Miocene fishes from the western area of
Shizukuishi Basin, Iwate Prefecture, northeastern
Japan. Earth Science 59, 1-29.
SATO J. 1965. Myctophid fish from the Ashikawa Formation, southern Fossa Magna. Earth Science 81,
17-20.
SATO J. 1966. A new genus and species of sardine from

Japanese Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic fishes

263

Table 22 Fossil records of Chondrichthyes from Cretaceous and Tertiary strata in Japan.
Cretaceous Paleocene

E L
Chimaeriformes
Edaphodon sp.
Hybodontiformes
Ptychodus latissimus Agassiz
Ptychodus mammilaris Agassiz
Ptychodus rugosus Dixon
Hexanchiformes
Clamydoselachidae gen. & sp. indet.
Heptranchias ezoensis Applegate &
Uyeno
Heptranchias howellii (Reed)
Hexanchus gigas (Sismonda)
Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre)
Hexanchus agassizi Cappetta
Hexanchus microdon (Agassiz)
Hexanchus spp.
Notidanodon loozi (Vincent)
Notidanodon lanceolatus (Woodward)
Notorhynchus primigenius (Agassiz)
Notorhynchus sp.
Sphenodus longidens (Agassiz)
Sphenodus sp.
Heterodontiformes
Heterodontus spp.
Lamniformes
Rhincodon spp.
Nebrius delfortriei (Daimeries)
Nebrius sp.
Odontaspis acutissima Agassiz
Odontaspis cuspidata (Agassiz)
Odontaspis volax Le Hon
Odontaspis spp.
Striatolamia spp.
Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan
Scapanorhynchus rhaphiodon
(Agassiz)
Scapanorhynchus sp.
Alopias superciliosus (Lowe)
Alopias spp.
Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus)
Cetorhinus spp.
Carcharodon auriculatus Blainville
Carcharodon nodai Yabumoto
Carcharodon angustidens (Agassiz)
Carcharodon megalodon (Agassiz)
Carcharodon akitaensis (Uyeno
& Hasegawa)
Carcharodon sulcidens (Agassiz)
Careharodon carcharias (Linnaeus)
Isurus desori (Sismonda)
Isurus hastalis (Agassiz)
Isurus planus (Agassiz)
Isurus retrojlexus (Agassiz)
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque
Isurus spp.
L a m n a ditropis Hubbs & Follett
L a m n a spp.
Squalicorm spp.
Cretolamna appendicuulata (Agassiz)
Orthacodus longidens (Agassiz)
Paraorthacodus sp.
Otodus sp.

E L

Eocene

Oligocene

Miocene

Pliocene

E M L

E L

E M L

E L

Pleistocene Holocene

+
+

+
+
+
+

+ +

+
+

+

+
+

+
+

+

?

+
+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+
+

+

+

+

+
+
+ + +
+

+ +

+

+
+

+
+

+

+ +

+
+

+

+
+

+
+

+ + +
+

+ +

+

+

+

+ +

+
+
+
t

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+
+

+
+

+
+ +
+
+

+

+

+
+

+
+

+ +

+
+

264

Y.Yabumoto and T. Uyeno

Table 22 (Continued)
Cretaceous Paleocene

E L

-

E L

Eocene

Oligocene

Miocene

Pliocene

E M L

E L

E M L

E L

Pleistocene Holocene

~

Parotodus benedeni (Le Hon)
Scyliorhinus kasenoi Karasawa
Scyliorhinus spp.
Galeorhinus afinis (Probst)
Galeorhinus sp.
Mustelus spp.
Triakis spp.
Hemipristis serra Agassiz
Carcharhinus axanthodon (Le Hon)
Carcharhinus priscus (Agassiz)
Carcharhinus egertoni (Agassiz)
Carcharhinus spp.
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz
Galeocerdo cuvieri (PCron & Lesueur)
Galeocerdo spp.
Negaprion kraussi (Probst)
Negaprion spp.
Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus)
Sphyrna sp.
Squaliformes
Centrophoroides cf. C. latidens Davis
Echinorhinus spp.
Deania spp.
Squalus spp.
Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre)
Squalidae gen. & sp. indet.
Pristiophoriformes
Pristiophoms lineatus Applegate &
Uyeno
Pristiophorus japonicus Gunther
Pristiophorus spp.
Squatiniformes
Squatina spp.
Rajiformes
Rhynchobatus sp.
Raja spp.
Zschyrhiza iwakiensis Uyeno &
Hasegawa
Sclerorhynchus sp.
Dasyatis spp.
Aetobatus sp.
Myliobatis spp.
Rhinoptera spp.
Manta sp.

+
+
+

+

+

+
+

+

+

+ +
+
+ +
+

+ +

+
+

+
+
+ + +
+ +

+
+

+

+
+
+
+

+
+

t

+

+
+

+
+
+

+ +

+
+

+

+ +

+

+

+ +

+

+

+
+
+

+

+
+

+

+
+

+

+

+

+

+

+
+

E, Early; L, Late; M, Middle.

the Miocene Hishinai Formation, northeastern Japan.
Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 13(4-6), 112-25.
SAT0 J. 1969. Miocene bony fish fossils from the western area of Shizukuishi Town, Iwate Pref. Atlas of
Japanese Fossils, No. 3-14, Tsukijisyokan, Tokyo.
SAT0 Y. & UYENO T. 1985. On the clupeid fish, Eosardinella hishinaiensis, from Miocene beds in Sad0
Island, Japan. Memoirs of the National Science
Museum, Tokyo 18, 57-63.
SET0 H. 1972. New information on t h e Ube submarine
coal field. In Hatai K., Asano K., Kitamura N. et al.
Pro$ Jun-ichi Iwai Memorial Volume, 296-308.
SUZUKI N. 1991. 3. Elasmobranch fossils. In: Report of

Excavation of the Fossils from the Iwaki Formation
pp. 9-11, Iwaki City.
TAKA1 J. 1942. Avitolabrax denticulatus, a new serranid fish from the Early Miocene of the Joban coal
field, Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science,
Imperial University of Tokyo, Section 2 6, 135.
TAN K. 1950. Ptychodus latissimus Agassiz from the
Upper Cretaceous of Hokkaido. Proceedings of the
Japanese Academy 25, 18-20.
TOKUNAGA S. & SAITO K. 1938. A fossil pomacentrid
fish from the Miocene of Izu, Japan. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography 15, 83-6.
UYENO T. 1967. A Miocene alepisauroid fish of a new

Jupanese Lute Mesozoic and Cenozoic fishes

265

Table 23 Fossil records of marine teleostean fishes from the Cretaceous and Tertiary in Japan

ELOPIFORMES
Elopidae
Holcolepis delicatostriatus Yabe & Obata
Albulidae
Pterothrissus sp.
NOTACANTHIFORMES
Halosauridae
Aldrovandia sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Notacanthidae
Notacanthus sp.
ANGUILLIFORMES
Serrivomeridae
Serrivomer sp.
Family indet.
Muraeidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
CLUPEIFORMES
Clupeidae
Eosardinella hishinaiensis Sat0
Sardinella sp.
Sardinella sp.
Clupea tanegashimaensis Saeki
Konosirus sp.
Sardinops melanostictus (Temminck & Schlegel)
Sardinops sp.
Engraulididae
Engraulis japonicus (Houttuyn)
Family indet.
SALMONIFORMES
Eurypholidae
Eurypholis japonicus Uyeno & Minakawa
Argentinidae
Nansenia sp.
Bathylagidae
Bathylagus sencta Sat0
Bathylagus toyohamaensis Ohe
Bathylagus sp.
Plecoglossidae
Plecoglossus cf. P. altivelis Temminck & Schlegel
Salmonidae
Oncorhynchus sp.
Oncorhynchus sp.
STOMIIFORMES
Gonostomatidae
Ohuus kitamurai Sat0
Gonostoma spp.
Icht hyococcus sp.
Maurolicus sp.
Vinciguerria sp.
Cyclothone sp.
Polymetme sp.
Sternoptychidae
Polyipnus sp.
Chauliodontidae
Chauliodus sp.
AULOPIFORMES
Enchodontidae
Enchodus spp.
Polymerichthyidae
Polymerichthys nagurai Uyeno

Period

Locality

Cretaceous

Hokkaido

Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture

Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene
Pleistocene

Nagano Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene
Pleistocene
Pleistocene
Pleistocene
Pleistocene
Miocene

Akita and Niigata prefectures
Tottori Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Ooyama and Yoshida, Kagoshima Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Pleistocene
Oligocene

Ooyama and Yoshida, Kagoshima Prefecture
Tsushima, Nagasaki Prefecture

Cretaceous

Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture

Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene
Miocene

Shizukuishi, Iwate Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Pliocene
Pleistocene

Shibetu Town, Hokkaido
Shiria, Aomori Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene

Shizukuishi,
Chita, Aichi
Chita, Aichi
Chita, Aichi
Chita, Aichi
Chita, Aichi
Chita, Aichi

Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Cretaceous

Iwaki, Fukushima Prefecture

Miocene

Horaiji, Aichi Prefecture

Iwate Prefecture
Prefecture
Prefecture
Prefecture
Prefecture
Prefecture
Prefecture

266

Y. Yabumoto and T. Uyeno

Table 23 (Continued)

MYCTOPHIFORMES
Neoscopelidae
Neoscopelus sp.
Solivorner sp.
Myctophidae
Diaphus rnuraii Sat0
Diaphus hataii Ohe & Araki
Diaphus sp.
Larnpadena nanae Sat0
Larnpadena spp.
Larnpanyctus spp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gen. & sp. indet.
GADIFORMES
Moridae
Lepidion rniocenica Sat0
Macrouridae
Coelorhynchus sp.
Ventrifossa sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gen. & sp. indet.
OPHIDIIFORMES
Ophidiidae
Glyptophiurn litheus Sat0
LOPHIIFORMES
Lophiidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
CYPRINODONTIFORMES
Hemiramphidae
Gen. & sp. indet
BERYCIFORMES
Berycidae
Beryx weileri Hatai
Polymixiidae
Polyrnixia sp.
Melamphaidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
SCORPAENIFORMES
Scorpaenidae
Sebastodes kanexawai Niino
Sebastes sp.
Sebastes owstoni (Jordan & Thompson)
Sebastes sp.
Sebastolobus sp.
Scorpaena sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Cottidae
Vellitor centropornus (Richardson)
Family indet.
PERCIFORMES
Percic hthyidae
Lateolabax cf. L. japonims (Cuvier)
Percichthys chibei Saeki
Avitolabrax denticulatus Takai
Howella sp.
Malakichthys sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Teraponidae
Gen. & sp. indet.

Period

Locality

Miocene
Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chita. Aichi Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Cretaceous
Miocene
Miocene

Shizukuishi, Iwate Prefecture
Mie Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Iwate, Yamanashi and Gunma Prefectures
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Nemuro, Hokkaido
Aichi Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene

Shizukuishi, Iwate Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene ?

Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture
Hokkaido

Miocene

Shizukuishi. Iwate Prefecture

Pleistocene

Shiriya, Aomori Prefecture

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Pliocene

Niigata Prefecture

Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene ?

Aichi Prefecture

Miocene
Neogene
Pliocene
Mio-Pliocene
Miocene
Mio-Pliocene
Mio-Pliocene
Pleistocene
Miocene

Azuma, Gunma Prefecture
Himi, Toyama Prefecture
Haboro Town, Hokkaido
Wakkanai, Hokkaido
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Wakkanai, Hokkaido
Wakkanai, Hokkaido
Shiriya, Aomori Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Pleistocene
Pleistocene

Shiriya, Amori Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Pleistocene
Pleistocene
Oligocene
Miocene
Miocene
Late Eocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Fukushima Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Yamaguchi Prefecture

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Japanese Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic jishes 267
Table 23 (Continued)

Kuhliidae
Kuhlia sp.
Carangidae
Scomberoides maruoi Uyeno & Suda
Gen. & sp. indet.
Leiognathidae
Leiognathus tottori Yabumoto & Uyeno
Sparidae
Acanthopagrus sp.
Gen. & sp. indet.
Pomacentridae
Izuus nakamurai Tokunaga & Saito
Mugilidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Scaridae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Stichaeidae
Stichaeus matsubarai Niino
Callionymidae
Gen. & sp. indet.
Gobiidae
Tridentiger sp.
Chaenogobius cf. C. castaneus (0’ Shaughnessy)
Amblychaeturichthys sp.
Trichiuridae
Benthodesmus sp.
Scombrolabracidae
Scombrolabrax sp.
Scombridae
Grammatoreynus sp.
Scomber nomurai Niino
Scomber sp.
Scomberomorus sp.
Scomberomorus sp.
Thunnus sp.
Gen. & sp. indet
Gen. & sp. indet
Percoidei, Family indet.
Percoidei, Family indet.
Family indet.
PLEURONECTIFORMES
Paralichthyidae
Pseudorhombus sonei Shikama
Pseudorhombus sp. cf. P. cinnamoneus (Temminck & Schlegel)
Paralichthys yamanai Sakamoto & Uyeno
Pleuronectidae
Hippoglossoides kumaishi Sakamoto & Uyeno
Hippoglossoides naritai Sakamoto & Uyeno
Clidoderma asperrimum (Temminck & Schlegel)
Clidoderma sp.
Atheresthes sp.
Atheresthes sp.
Chibapsetta dolichurostyli Sakamoto & Uyeno
Microstmus tochigiensis Sakamoto & Uyeno
Saitamapsetta nomurai Sakamoto & Uyeno
Protopsetta kubotai Niino
Family indet.
Family indet.
Tetraodontiformes
Diodontidae
-.
~

Period

Locality

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Miocene
Pleistocene

Tottori Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Miocene

Kokufu, Tottori Prefecture

Pleistocene
Miocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Horaiji, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene

Shuzenji, Shizuoka Prefecture

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Miocene

Azuma. Gunma Prefecture

Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Pleistocene
Pleistocene
Pleistocene

Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture

Miocene

Chita, Aichi Prefecture

Miocene

Chita. Aichi Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Mio-Pliocene
Miocene
Mio-Pliocene
Pleistocene
Miocene
Late Miocene

Toyama Prefecture
Gunma Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chichibu, Saitama Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Wakkanai, Hokkaido
Fukushima Prefecture
Wakkanai, Hokkaido
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture
Tsushima, Nagasaki Prefecture

Miocene
Neogene
Miocene

Akita Prefecture
Himi, Toyama Prefecture
Kokufu, Tottori Prefecture

Miocene
Miocene
Pliocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Late Pliocene
Miocene
Miocene
Miocene
Pleistocene
Oligocene

Kumaishi, Hokkaido
Hokkaido
Soma, Fukushima Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Tottori Prefecture
Chita, Aichi Prefecture
Chiba Prefecture
Tochigi Prefecture
Saitama Prefecture
Azuma, Gunma Prefecture
Tanegashima, Kagoshima Prefecture
Yubari, Hokkaido

268

Y. Yabumoto and T. Uyeno

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