Robotic and elderly care, Belgium 2019, France delegation (1) .pdf



Nom original: Robotic and elderly care, Belgium 2019, France delegation (1).pdf
Titre: ICTs AND THE CARE OF THE ELDERLY IN INSTITUTIONS
Auteur: Ibrahim Moumeni

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International Robotics Congress, Belgium
(16/12/19)
French Delagation.

ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY FOR
THE CARE OF DEPENDENT
ELDERLY PEOPLE LIVING IN
GERIATRIC INSTITUTION
Dr. NPOCHINTO MOUMENI Ibrahim1,2,3

reeducation & rehabilitation, Gerontology expert

1

PLAN


Introduction.

Problematic,
Research object (Robot Pepper).
Modus vivendi in geriatric institution


Modus operandi (Methodology and tools for data collection.
Results and video
Limit, Ethic and Improvement possible.

Opening on new tracks.


Conclusion



Take home message



bibliography
8:25:23 PM

2

KEYWORDS
1.

CARE

2.

ELDERLY

3.

GERIATRIC

4.

ICT

5.

INSTITUTION

6.

NON-DRUGS CARE

7.

PEPPER ROBOT

8:25:23 PM

3

INTRODUCTION- Why Important?
❑ By 2030, 1 in 5 Americans will be age 65 or older
❑ Average life expectancy 81 years
❑ By 2040: Alzheimer related costs will be 2 trillion dollars
30

,

25
20
15
10

5
0
1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

2010

2020

2030

2040

By 2050, +1 in 5 person in the world will be age 60 or older
4

UN Report, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division , 2011

❑ Scope
- 8.5 million seniors require some form of assistive care
- 80% of those over 65 are living with at least one chronic disease
- Every 69 seconds someone in America develops Alzheimer’s disease
❑ Costs
- Alzheimer’s Disease: $18,500-$36,000
- Nursing home care costs: $70,000-80,000 annually

❑ Caregiver gap
- Nurses shortage: 120,000 and 159,300 doctors by 2025
- Understaffed nursing homes: 91%
- 70% of caregivers care for someone over age 50

5



the scientific subject that we present today, is at the
crossroads of the fields of ICT and gerontology to
improve the care of the elderly people dependent at

geriatric institution, living with Alhzeimer Desease


The loss of autonomy therefore becomes a central issue
for France. Thus, the care of dependent seniors is a
major issue, it becomes necessary to think about new
care methods that can complement or supplement
traditional modes of assistance
6

WORLD PROBLEMATIC


What do residents of this establishment think about the Pepper robot? Will it be accepted by the
elderly and health professionals in this residence? Can he really participate in the care of residents?
If so, in what way and how can it assist professionals,



And we as our self, whether Technology can also meet the challenge of non-drug care needs of
elders peoples living in geriatric institution through PEPPER robot?

Befor my research,
I knew that The advantages of technology are indisputable today, and even inevitable. Because the
Pepper robot would be accepted in this geriatric institution by the residents, and health staff of this
institution. Yes, he can help treat patients, but will find limits in certain areas.

7

Research object
- PEPPER robot :

8

Research object, what can Pepper do? Emotion

9

Research object, what can Pepper do? Care or help

10

Modus Vivendi of Elderly people at Geriatric Institution

11

Senior, with reduced mobility

Daily activity in geriatric institution

dependent elderly person

Modus operendi / Research Methodology and tools for data collection.
❑ Method chosen:
• Observational, for residents.
• and semi-structured interview for health personnel
❑ Data collection tools:
• semi-directive interview guide for nurses, audio
recording.
• Resident observation guide and video recording
SOURCES OF INFORMATION

❑ Source population, among the caregivers, we selected five as advised by Patton M, Q
2015, in his book, qualitative research.
❑ Source A source of population for residents, "residents who regularly attend
entertainment" generally have 36 peoples.
12

Results

We have in all, 103 participants. The
average participation rate is 34.33%
of people per session,
which represents more than a third
of the 90 residents

1st observation: out of 32 seniors, 24 showed interest in Pepper and 12 remained silent.
2nd observation: out of 45 seniors, 31 showed interest in Pepper and 14 remained silent.
Observation
3rd observation, 26 seniors, 16 show an interest in Pepper and 10 remained silent.
In general, 71 of the 103 residents who participated in the workshops expressed interest
in Pepper
13

Results continued…
RESULTAS DES OBSERVATIONS
31% was
silent

69%
intereted

RESULTS OF INTERVIEWS WITH CARE STAFF
Staff consulted following our semi-structured interviews
is unanimous in accepting the subject
Study (Pepper robot) and then recognize it, also as a
support care for the elderly institutionalized.
But, the limit his help to social care, not more.

Summary: a total of we have 103 participants during the 3 observations, 71 therefore expressed their interest
in Pepper and 32 remained silent. The health personnel consulted recognize the usefulness of the Pepper robot,
RESULTS OF INTERVIEWS WITH CARE STAFF:
Staff consulted following our semi-structured interviews is unanimous in accepting the subject
study and then recognize it, also as a support care for the elderly institutionalized. 14

Pepper video, during an animation, afternoon tea break, video

Chapter lll: THE LIMITS OF PEPPER IN GERIATRIC INSTITUTION
the can not replace a person :
- it is an automaton, the can not make a decision, because
the do not have a real brain

- it is not autonomous, because it depends on a
programmer

- It need electric energy, and good internet speed,
-

The price of this robot is expensive

-

he has no physiological movement, it is repetitive and
does only what is asked of him

8:25:24 PM

16

Ethics and difficulty
Difficulty/ scientific limites
the scarcity of scientific work carried out on the Pepper robot
Risk of abuse of interpretation of the facts on our part
Absence of tools that can be used to dissociate, really delimit the apathy manifested by seniors,
due to neuro degenerative diseases, and the real disinterest in the face of the Pepper robot.

Ethical Problems
❑ Assistance robotics poses technical ethical and socio-economic problems.
robotics must assist, help and optimize caregivers, not replace them. This is to
avoid going to what Géneviève Laroque calls the “dehumanization” of care.
❑ Perfect transparency
❑ Control over the system
❑ Fight laziness

17

CONCLUSION
Despite its many limitations, in practice, considering my experience and from the
point of view of the literature, robot PEPPER participates well, and is a major player in
the social care of dependent elderly in geriatric institution. It appears after our study, that
the Pepper robot is a tool to aid the care of seniors in this geriatric institution, our starting
hypothesis is validaded.

Opening onto new tracks:

The contribution of Pepper robot in the non-drug management of seniors suffering from
major neuro-progressive disorders. A space to explore.
18

PEPPER makes its own presentation, video

8:25:24 PM

19

Take home message

The imagination around robotics is so strong and dense that it
leads to prejudices about robots and their uses. Therefore, it is
not only important to educate the general public, health
workers and families about the existence of pepper, but it is
also necessary to ensure that the actual uses are understood.
The benefits of Pepper can be seen in the specific context of

institutionalized seniors.
Pepper robot is able to assist the elderly person in their daily
social activities.

20

NB: The Study was Published on 10/1019


The pepper book, production date February 8, 2014,



The robotic cair



Preventive gerontology, 3rd edition of Dr Trivalle C.

webography:


www.objetconnecte.com , accessed February 2, 2019 at 6 PM



www.generationrobots.com , accessed February 14, 2019 at 11 AM



www.franceinter.fr , accessed March 1, 2019



Pepper’s manufacturer website, www.Aldebaranrobotics.com accessed on February 28,
2019 at 1 AM



www.lefigarot.fr you tube, accessed on February 25, 2019 at 5PM



www.gerontotechnik.de , accessed February 20, 2019 at 4PM

21

Thanks for your attention, your
questions are welcome

9:20:04 PM

22




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