Rea on Solution to Energy Challenges French Zambia Chamber of Commerce Renewable Energy Conference 27 28th October 2020 SFEA .pdf



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SOLAR TECHNOLOGIES AS A SOLUTION TO ENERGY CHALLENGES
Presentation Made at the
FRENCH ZAMBIA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
RENEWABLE ENERGY CONFERENCE
28th October 2020
Mulungushi International Conference Centre
BY
Mr. Clement Silavwe
Chief Executive Officer
Rural Electrification Authority
ZAMBIA

OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION

1.

INTRODUCTION

2.

STATUS OF ELECTRIFICATION

3.

SOLAR POWER GENERATION POTENTIAL

4.

IMPLEMENTED STAND-ALONE SOLAR SOLUTIONS

5.

IMPLEMENTED SOLAR MINI-GRID SOLUTIONS

6.

REA’S CURRENT ACTIVITIES TO PROMOTE SOLAR

7.

7.0 CONCLUSION

1.0. INTRODUCTION
›

The Rural Electrification Authority (REA) is a statutory body
created through an Act of Parliament- Rural Electrification Act
No. 20 of 2003.

›

REA is mandated to facilitate increased access to electricity in
rural areas in order to contribute to improved productivity and
quality of life of the rural populations in Zambia.

›

The Authority promotes renewable energy resources such as
solar, mini-hydro, wind and biomass.

›

Targets are set in the Rural Electrification Master Plan (REMP) to
increase electricity access rate from 3% in 2006 to 51% in 2030
in rural areas.

2.0 STATUS OF ELECTRIFICATION

›

Currently rural electricity access rate is 4.4% from grid power
while 7.4% is from solar power (CSO 2015).

›

Given a national electrification rate of 31% and more than 2
million off-grid households, there is a huge market opportunity
for off-grid solar solutions

›

The deployment of decentralized off-grid solar solutions can
substantially accelerate progress towards reducing the
country’s energy access deficit.

›

The private sector participation is considered to be key in the
implementation of rural electrification projects.

›

The commercialization of off-grid solar solutions follows lighthanded regulation, as Solar Lanterns and Solar Home Systems
are treated as consumer goods.

2.0 STATUS OF ELECTRIFICATION
›

The population of Zambia was estimated at 15.5 million in 2015
with an average population density of 20.6 persons per square
kilometre.

›

With low population density and the limited power demand in
rural areas, extending the national grid may be inefficient in
some remote areas.

›

Installation of SHS on each premise as a kind of distributed
onsite energy resources can increase and improve
electrification rate in remote areas.

›

Further, isolated Solar Mini Grids can complement SHS where
the population seems to be concentrated but far from the
national grid.

3.0 SOLAR POWER GENERATION POTENTIAL
›

Zambia is located at coordinates 13.1339° S, 27.8493° E and
has an area of 752,600km2.

›

Most of the county is highland plateau of 1,000m–1,350m and
has a tropical climate.

›

Zambia enjoys an average of 2,000 to 3,000 hours of sunshine
per year.

›

Average global horizontal irradiation (GHI) is 5.5 kWh/m2/day,
with southern and part of the northern areas recording the
highest global solar irradiation, up to 2,300 kWh/m2/year

›

Therefore, utilization of highly potential solar generation is one
of effective measures for rural electrification in Zambia.

4.0 IMPLEMENTED STAND-ALONE SOLAR SOLUTIONS
›

According to LCMS 2015, just under 5% of Zambian
households use solar PV as a main source of lighting, with
flashlights remaining as the main source of lighting for nearly
half of all Zambian households.

›

This implies that off-grid and stand-alone renewable capacity
contributes negligibly to generation in Zambia.

›

However, the situation is changing due to entrant into this
market by several private sector players who are providing
Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) solutions.

›

Zambia has implemented SHS projects starting as far back as
the 1990.

4.0 IMPLEMENTED STAND-ALONE SOLAR SOLUTIONS
›

SIDA supported the Energy Service Company (ESCOs) to
supply Solar Home Systems where a total of 400 systems were
targeted for installation in Nyimba, Chipata and Lundazi.

›

Zambia Social Investment Fund (ZAMSIF) was established and
started its business operation in 1993 using funds from the
World Bank and Solar Home Systems with various scales were
installed in a total of 750.

›

Since 2005 the Zambian Government has carried out the
installation of Solar Home Systems in 544 locations, which
include residences of local leaders and other public
institutions, using Rural Electricity Fund (REF).

›

The world Bank funded the Sustainable Market Packages
project which closed in 2015 and about 7,037 connections
inclusive of the Solar Home Systems which were sold to private
households and those installed at public facilities.

5.0 IMPLEMENTED SOLAR MINI-GRID SOLUTIONS
›

Apart from SHS, the SMG business has started gaining
prominence in Zambia with several players including the
private sector leading the way.

›

REA was among the first to develop the SMG in Mpanta area
of Samfya District with a capacity of 60kWp.

›

Other private companies such as Muhanya, Engie Power
Corner, Solera, Standard Microgrid have developed at least
one SMG.

›

Solar Microgrids have also been installed in selected hospitals
with support from cooperating partners.

6.0 REA’S CURRENT ACTIVITIES TO PROMOTE SOLAR
›

REA is currently developing two solar PV mini-grids in Chunga
and Lunga, sized at 200 kW and 300 kW respectively.

›

REA has received support from the European Union to
implement the Increased Acess to Renewable Energy
Production (IAEREP) Project to implement solar projects across
the country through grant support to the private sector.

›

REA has signed a memorandum of understanding with ZCF in
a bid to the utilize excess power from the installed Solar Milling
Plants.

›

Excess power would be distributed to the surrounding
beneficiary communities to support household connections
and energy for productive uses within the communities where
the Solar Milling Plants are located.

6.0 REA’S CURRENT ACTIVITIES TO PROMOTE SOLAR
›

REA is working with a private company to implement a pilot
project for utilization of excess power from the Solar Milling
Plant in Chongwe District.

›

REA has received support from the World Bank under the
Electricity Service Access Project to utilize part of the funds to
undertake pilot project under the ZCF Solar Milling Plants.

›

A feasibility study to prioritize the sites for piloting using funding
from the ESAP was conducted by REA and approved by the
World Bank.

›

REA is further planning to provide Capital Smart Subsidies to
private firms to develop Solar Mini Grids and implement Solar
Home System Projects in 2021 using GRZ funds.

7.0 CONCLUSION

›

The country has a huge task of electrifying all areas of
Zambia, especially the underserved rural areas.

›

Implementation of Renewable Energy technologies such as
solar technology is key in accelerating rural electricity access
rate.

›

There is a huge market for electricity demand as the level of
electrification remains low and more people need to be
provided with electricity.

›

Zambia has received goodwill from cooperating partners
who are supporting electrification projects using solar
technology.

7.0 CONCLUSION

›

Private sector participation is crucial in the promotion of solar
technology in rural areas.

›

They are
therefore encouraged to take advantage of
available opportunities and projects to partner with REA.

›

Government through the relevant institutions has endeavored
to create an enabling environment for increased private
sector participation in the implementation of rural
electrification projects.

60kW MPANTA SOLAR MINI GRID PLANT

THANK YOU


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