Aseggas wis 4 n Ulmud Amenzu .pdf



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TAGDUDA TAZZAYRIT TAMAGDAYT TA¨ERFANT
A©lif n Usedwel A©elnaw

t
m
n
azi$t
s
i
l
d
A
Sw4M

Aseggas wis 4 n Ulmud Amenzu

Imeskaren :
* ˜ERRUC Muhub
* LEWNIS A§li
* ¦ACUR Rem¤an
* KEBIR Buse§d

2010-2011

ISBN : 9947-20-423-05

MS : 407/05

Dépôt légal : 2005-673

AGBUR
Asenfar

Agatu n ulmad

Tagzemt

1

01
Sb.07

2

I¤risen
-

Furulu
sb.10
M§emri sb.14
Asefru : A lxir-iw
sb.15

-

Aheggi n tu©alin s
a©erbaz
sb. 21
Asmi kecme© ©er
u©erbaz
sb. 18
Asefru : Muggre©
Bubri™ sb.23

-

3

4

02

Sb.33

5
6

7

03

-

- Ti„gi n lewŸuc sb. 34
-Tirzi ©er unanar sb. 37
Asefru : Ers-d ay i¤es sb. 39
-

Izem sb.41
Ifis sb.44
Asefru : a©yul sb.46

- Tudert n yizmawen sb. 48
- Tudert n yifisen sb.51
- Asefru : A§eqqa n
yired
- Ibki d uslem sb.57
- Tayuga temmeáá ...
sb.60
- Asefru : Tayazi¤t d...
sb.62
-

Sb.56

Amastan sb.25
Tasedda
sb.28
Asefru : A tiwiziwin
sb.30

8

-

9

-

-

-

Abare© d wa¤il sb.64
Ameyyez qbel
aneggez sb.67
Asefru : Ssendu sb.69
Ayazi¤ d wuccen
sb.71
Neyya tugar tixidas
sb. 74
Asefru : A mmi §zizen
sb.77

AGBUR
Iferdisen n tutlayt
Tirawalt : ti©ra : a, i, u, e.
sb.11
Tajerrumt : awal. sb.12
Taseftit : amqim ilelli sb.13

Afares s tira
Asewsen n umdan
Sb.16

Tirawalt : tirgalin : f, j, l, m, n.
sb.19
Tajerrumt : isem amagnu d
uma„lay sb.20
Taseftit : amyag sb.22

Ameslay ©ef unekcum
©er u©erbaz
Sb.24

Tirawalt : tirgalin : r, s, w, z,
y. sb.26
Tajerrumt : isem : tawsit
sb.27
Taseftit : ana¤ sb.29

Ameslay ©ef yiramen
n ugrud
sb.31

Tirawalt : tirgalin : c, q, ©, x.
sb.35
Tajerrumt : isem : am¤an
sb.36
Taseftit : amatar udmawan
sb.38

Aglam n yi©ersiwen
Sb.47

Tirawalt : tirgalin : ¤, ™, „.
sb.49
Tajerrumt : addad sb. 50
Taseftit : izri sb. 52

Ameslay ©ef tudert
n yi©ersiwen
sb.54

Tirawalt : tirgalin : b, d, g, k,
t. sb.65
Tajerrumt : amqim awsil n
yisem sb.66
Taseftit : urmir ussid sb.68
Tirawalt : tussda sb.65
Tajerrumt : tinza© sb.66
Taseftit : urmir s "ad" sb.68

Sb.32

Asewsen n yi©ersiwen
Sb.40

Tirawalt : tirgalin : h, Ÿ, §.
sb.42
Tajerrumt : arbib sb.43
Taseftit : afeggag sb.45

Tirawalt : tirgalin : á, ã, tt.
sb.58
Tajerrumt : amernu sb.59
Taseftit : amyag n t©ara sb. 61

Aktazal

Sb.55

Aseqe§ed n tenfusin
Sb.6
Tuqqna ger tefyar d tugniwin
Sb.70

Tira n tenfusin
Sb.78

Sb.79

Tazwart
I keáá ay anelmad
Aql-ik deg Useggas wis 4 n Ulmud Amenzu maca d aseggas-ik amezwaru deg
ulmad n tmazi©t.
D wagi i d adlis ara tesxedme¤ aseggas-agi di tmazi©t. Yis-s ara tlemde¤ ad dtmeslaye¤ ©ef yiman-ik, ©ef yimeddukkal-ik, ©ef takat-ik, ©ef u©erbaz-ik akked
temna¤t ideg tettidire¤. Yis-s ara tlemde¤ ad te©re¤, ad taru¤. Yis-s ara ara tissine¤
a™as n t©awsiwin timaynutin.
Adlis-agi inek llan deg-s 3 n yisenfaren: asenfar amezwaru d takalast n tesmilt s
yismawen d tewlifin nwen. Asenfar wis sin d takalast n kra n yi©ersiwen yettidiren deg
umen„aw n tefriqt.
Asenfar wis 3 d amud n tmucuha ideg ara d-tgemre¤ a™as n tmussniwin d termiyin.
Yal asenfar llant deg-s 3 n tgezmin.
Yal tagzemt teddes akka :
l Ameslay ©ef tugna
l Ta©uri d tegzi n tira
l Almad n umawal s usemres n wa™as n tugniwin.
l Tirawalt
l Tajerrumt
l Ta©uri d tegzi n tira
l Taseftit
l Ccna d uzuzen
l Tira n u¤ris amec™uŸ
Nefren-d igburen itlayanen ara k-yilin d isulal i ulmad n tira d t©uri s yi¤risen
ime„„yanen. Nessaram s yi¤risen-agi ad tŸemmle¤ ta©uri. Nsedda-d deg-sen a™as n
tugniwin igerrzen ara k-yeswesnen idles-inek, tamurt-inek d uma¤al.
Imeskaren

Tal©iwin n ugemmay
Asekkil ameqqran n tira s tmacint
A B C
Q ¨ R

D ¥
S

E F G
¢ T š

H ˜ I J K L M
U W X Y Z ª ¦

N

Asekkil ame„„yan n tira s tmacint
a b c d ¤ e f g h Ÿ i j k l m n
q © r £ s ¡ t ™ u w x y z „ §

Asekkil ameqqran n tira s ufus

A B C D ¥ E F G H ˜ I J K L M N
Q ¨ R R S ¢ T T U W X Y Z ª ¦Σ
Asekkil ame„„yan n tira s ufus

a b c d ¤ e f g h Ÿ i j k l m n
q © r £ s ¡ t ™ u w x y z „ §

nfar 1
e
s
A

u

1. Ad d-snekde$ iman-iw ne$ amdan niven
2. Ad d-mmeslaye$ $ef wasmi kecme$ $er
u$erbaz (amuken, ass amezwaru, allalen ….)
3. Ad d-mmeslaye$ $ef yiramen-iw

Tagzemt

A¤ris

Tajerrumt

Tasmuli

- Furulu
- M§emri

Ad dmmeslay
©ef wasmi
kecme©
©er u©erbaz

- Aheggi n tu©alin
©er
Isem : amagnu
u©erbaz
Ama„lay
- Asmi kecme© ©er
u©erbaz

Ad d-ini©
- Amastan
d acu
- Tasedda
i Ÿemmle©

Taseftit

Awal : asekkil, Amqim
tasawalt
ilelli

Isem : tawsit

Tirawalt
Ti©ra : a, i, u, e
a/e

Amyag

Tirgalin : f, j, i,
m, n,

ana¤

Tirgalin : r, s,
w, z, y.

Ase

nfar 1

u

Takalast n tesmilt nne£

Ad wali£, sakkin ad d-mmeslaye£

argaz,

tame™™ut,

aselmad

i©rem,

taqcict,

a©erbaz,

tasmilt,

anelmad,

taddart,

azadu©,
azeglal,

8

tasukt,

a©lad ,

u™™un

Tagzemt 1ut
Ad sle£, sakkin ad mmeslaye£
Ad nemyussan gar-ane£

Azul a Mayas ! Nekk d
Tilelli, zed©e© di ....
ad ©re© di tesmilt...........

Azul !
Nekk isem-iw Mayas.
Zed©e© di ... i kemm ?

Ad swesne£ ameddakkel-iw

Ma d wagi d Mayas,
ameddakkel nne© di
tesmilt

Tagi d tameddakkelt-iw
Tinhinan.
Akken kan i netturar.
.

Azul a Mayas !
FerŸe© a™as imi k-ssne©

Azul a Tinhinan !

9

Ase

Avris

nfar 1

u

NEKK D FURULU

Nekk isem-iw ...

Nekk isem-iw Furulu. Lule© deg useggas 1912, sin wussan uqbel amer¤il. Zed©e©
di Tizi-Hibel, di t©iwant n At MeŸmud deg wasun n At Dwala, di tmurt n Leqbayel.
Tsemma-iyi setti Furulu i wakken ur iyi-tta©en medden s ti™.
Imi d nekk kan i d aqcic deg uxxam nne©, Ÿemmlen-iyi akken ma llan. Baba, yemma
d yessetma teddun-iyi di leb©i. Setti, tesse£wa-iyi ti„idanin. ¦emmi, iŸemmel-iyi amzun
d mmi-s.
Mulud FER¦UN
D tasuqilt

Asegzi n wawalen
Amer¤il : d ass aneggaru n yennayer i d-yer¤el s-©ur furar akken
ad ine© tam©art i as-yeddan di nneqma.
Asun: tagrumma n t©iwanin yellan deg yiwet n temna¤t.

Isestanen
1. Isem-is uqcic-agi?
2. Melmi i ilul?
3. Anda ilul?
4. Ayen i as-tsemma setti-s Furulu?
5. Acu©er i t-Ÿemmlen akk deg uxxam?

10

se
Ta

f tit
Amqim ilelli

Tagzemt 1ut

£er imedyaten:
l Nekk isem-iw Furulu.
l I Kemm a taqcict, isem-im?
Di tefyirt : nekk isem-iw Furulu .
1. I wumi yettmeslay furulu mi d-yenna "nekk isem-iw..."?
2. Acu i d-sskanen wawalen-agi : nekk, kemm?
3. Anwi awalen i nessenfel yis-sen?
Awalen-agi qqaren-asen : imqimen udmawanen.

Ad cfu$
Amqim udmawan ilelli yemmal-d:
- Win yettmeslayen : Nekk, nekkni, ...................
- Win iwimi ttmeslayen : keáá, kunwi, ...............
-Win i©ef ttmeslayen : Netta, nutni .....................

Ilu$©ma

 Derrer imqimen udmawanen ilelliyen.
Ameddakkel-iw netta d gma-s, ruŸen ©er tŸanut, u©en-d a©rum d yigumma.
Nekk akked keáá werãin nemsefham.
Nekkni s warrac n Lezzayer ur a©-yezgil yiwen.
Kunemti s tlawin ten©a-kent tasa.
Uguren, d nutni i ten-id-ixellqen, i ten-ittqabalen d nekkni.

‚ Err amqim udmawan ilelli iwatan.
.......... nruŸ ©er yilel ma d ............ truŸem ©er udrar.
...........tusi¤-d zik, daymi i ten-id-temlale¤.
...........walant asaru-nni Amacahu.
TŸemmlemt i¤es ..........., ma d .............nezga d cc©el.

ƒ Aru tifyar-agi tbeddle¤ amqim " nekk " s "nekkni ",

" keáá " s " kunwi".
Keááini ruŸ, nekk ad qqime©. Anef-iyi d yi©ed asemma¤
Nekk d amdan ur yefhim yiwen.

13

ris
Av

Ase

nfar 1

u

Mulud M¦EMRI

Mulud M¦EMRI d amaru. Ilul di Tewrirt n Mimun deg Wat-Yani deg useggas 1917.
Yemmut ass n 26 di furar 1989 di ¦in-Ddefla. Yem¤el di taddart-is. Mulud M¦EMRI
yefka azal i tutlayt d yidles n tmazi©t. Yura a™as n yidlisen ama s tefransist ama s tmazi©t.
Gar-asen : Isefra n si MuŸend u MŸend, Isefra iqdimen n Leqbayel , Tajerrumt n tmazi©t,
Amawal n tmazi©t tatrart, Ahellil n Tgurarin, Tawrirt yettwattun, Tazegrawt, Yenna-as
ccix MuŸend ....atg.
Asegzi n wawalen
Amaru : d win yettarun idlisen( tiktabin)

Isestanen
1- Anwa i d Mulud M¦EMRI ?
2- Anida ilul?
3- Melmi ilul?
4- Melmi yemmut?
5- Anda yem¤el?
6- Acu yura?

14

Tagzemt 1ut

efru
s
A

A lxir-iw

A lxir-iw a lxir inu
Mmi deg yirebbi inu
˜rez-iyi-t a baba inu
Ad iããuãeg irennu
A lxir-iw...
A lxir-iw tagut tufrar
I™ij yu©-d isummar
S lferŸ ad k-ge© ay urar
S§i© wukud ad nurar
A lxir-iw
A lxir-iw lhemm i§ya
Mmi iwwe¤ d ameksa
˜rez-iyi-t a bab n lqedra
Yis-s teããuãeg lŸara
A lxir-iw...

Seg yisefra n at zik
n Rem¤an AT MENSUR

15

ris
v
A

Ase

nfar 1

u

Asmi kecme£ £er u£erbaz

Cfi© amzun d i¤elli, ©ef wass amezwaru mi kecme© ©er u©erbaz.
D tanezzayt, baba yu©al-d si tejmae§t. Qqime© d tama n lkanun. ¨ef yinyen ittewwa
uyefki. Allen-iw tteqqnent si naddam ma d ta§ebbu¤t-iw tuki. Maca akken kan i d-yen™eq
baba yekkes-iyi la„-nni akked naddam-nni.
Yenna-as baba i yemma : "¨iwel, ©iwel. Ha-t-an yexmumi akk, t©ile¤ ad t-yeqbel
uselmad akkagi !
- Ula d iselsa-s umsen. Ahat ad nerãu kan ar azekka. Ad as-ssirde© iselsa-s akked
tbernust-is.
- Azekka, ad yaf imekwan ttwa™™fen.
- Tessared-iyi yemma, syin yewwi-iyi baba ©er u©erbaz.”
Mulud FER¦UN,
Asegzi nwawalen
Tanezzayt : tasebŸit

Isestanen
1. Ayen i as-yecfa uqcic i wass amezwaru mi iruŸ ©er u©erbaz?
2. Ay©er ur teb©i ara yemma-s ad iruŸ mmi-s ©er u©erbaz ass-nni?
3. I baba-s melmi i yeb©a ad yekcem mmi-s ©er u©erbaz?
4. Acu©er?

18

D tasuqilt

Tagzemt tis 2

rawalt
i
T

Isekkilen: f, j, l, m, n

Tafelwit

adlis

azmam (alug)

anelmad

Ad akze£ isekkilen






Tafelwit
Ajerri¤
Adlis
Azmam
Anelmad

F, f, fa
J, j, ja
L, l, la
M,m,ma
N , n, na

Tal£iwin n yisekkiler

F

J

L

M

N

f

j

l

m

n

Ilu©$ma

 Err deg yilmawen
a....a...
asi....

yiwet si tergalin-a : f, j, l, m, n.
ta....rut
a...rad
i....es
a.....ger
i...di ta...u...ast
u.....
i.....i

‚ Af-d 10 n wawalen s yisekkilen-a : a, i, u, e, f, j, l, m, n.
ƒ Semyezwer akken iwata isekkilen tsuff©e¤-d awalen
[m,a,l,i],

[i,i,n ] [ e, m, l, i] [f, l, e, i]

19

jerrumt
a
T

Ase

nfar 1

u

Isem : amagnu d umaØlay

agadez

iselsa

taf¤ist

Azekka-nni , d ass n ugadez . Yewwi-iyi jeddi ˜med ©er ugadez n Tizi-Uzzu i wakken
ad d-a©e© iselsa ara lse© s a©erbaz.

Isestanen
1. Acu d-mmalen wawalen : agadez, iselsa , taf¤ist ?
2. Awal " taf¤ist " yemmal yiwet n tef¤ist kan ne© kra n wayen yes§an uzzal d
ufus yerna tteddzen yis-s ?
3. Acu d-mmalen wawalen-agi : aqcic , tazemmurt, izem , axxam ?
4. Acu d-mmalen wawalen : ˜med , Tizi-Uzzu ?
5. Deg wacu i mgaraden d yismawen : agadez , iselsa , taf¤ist ?

Ad cfu$©
1- Isem d awal yemmalen amdan ne© a©ersiw ne© ta©awsa. Ta©awsa tezmer ad tili :
a- d ayen i nettwali : amdan , im©i, a©ersiw...
b- d ayen ur nettwali ara: tilelli, talwit, asemmi¤, a„©al ...
2- Yella yisem amagnu : yemmal ta©awsa
3- Yella yisem ame„lay : yemmal : - isem n umdan ... . - isem n umkan .

Ilu$©ma

 kkes-d isem seg tefyar-agi.

- Win yeb©an ad i©ellet deg useggas, yezre§ irden, win yeb©an ad i©ellet yal
aseggas, ye„„u isekla, win yeb©an ad i©ellet lebda, yesselmed tarwa-s.

‚ Err yal isem deg umkan-is di tfelwit i d-iteddun :

argaz, tame™™ut, uccen, awtul, tazdayt, a©rum, abrid, la„, asirem, targit, tadukli
Ta©awsa i nettwali
.................................

Ta©awsa ur nettwali
.................................

ƒ Err yal isem deg umekan-is di tfelwit i d-iteddun :

jeddi, adfel, adrar, Fransa, Tin-hinan, ultma, gma, Mazi©, ˜med, aqrab, tane©rit,
adlis, aman, Lezzayer .

20

Isem amagnu

Isem ama„lay

.........................

.............................

Tagzemt tis 2
efru
s
A

Mmuggre£ BubriÌ

Mmugre© Bubri™
Ibubb taculli¤t
Aniwer a Bubrit
©er tmurt Ugawa
Acu ara d-tawi¤
D irden d nne§ma
Irden d izellafen
Mmi d ssmid yufafen
A lxir-iw...

Seg yisefra n at zik
n Rem¤an AT MENSUR

Isestanen
1- Ayen ibubb Bubri™ taculli¤t?
2- Acu yewwin Bubri™ ©er tmurt Ugawa?
3- Anwa yettmeslayen deg u¤ris-a?
4- Acu©er tcuba tme™™ut mmi-s ©er ssmid yufafen?

23

Ase

nfar 1

u

D nekk ara yarun
Ilu©$ma

 Smed ilmawen s wawalen a : imru, azmam, tasdart, taynust.

Ass-nni amezwaru di tesmilt , ddme©-d ........ azegzaw ,uri© isem-iw ©er .......
Uri© da©en azemz n wass-nni . Isuter-a©-d uselmed ad d-nessken allalen akk
i d-nu©. Mli©-asen-id ......,

‚ Yal tafyirt, err-as tugna i as-iwatan:

Masin ha-t-an di tnedlist netta d baba-s.
Masin yesskan-d i yemma-s ayen i d-yu© : iselsa , agra , izmamen...
Masin iteddu ©er u©erbaz

24

Ase

rawalt
i
T

nfar 1

u

Isekkilen : s, r, z, y, w.

Sikked tugniwin te©re¤-d isem nsent.

Tisura

izi

aruy

uraw

¨er-d awalen-a : argaz, awal, izem, ayla.
Qqen ger wawalen i§edlen :
- Agraw
- Azal
- Tamurt
- Ayefki

azal
ayefki
agraw
tamurt

Ad aru£

R

S

W

Y

Z

r

s

w

y

z

Ilu$©ma

 Err di twinest

isekkilen r, s, z, w, y, yellan deg wawalen-a :
ayen, azekka, awren, tasa, ayla, yemma, crew, azrem, ussan.

‚ Smed awalen s tergalin-a : r, z, s, w, y.
a..al, i..i, aw..en, a..ger, afu.., a..efki.

26

Tagzemt tis 3
Tasedda

Nekk qqaren-iyi Tasedda. D tanelmadt deg u©erbaz amenzu n
taddart-iw. ˜emmle© ad ©re© idlisen n tmucuha. Ttwali© unu©en yettembiwilen
i d-yett§eddin di tili„ri. Deg wussan n usgunfu tturare© tixxamin ne© alqafen.
˜emmle© da©en ad wali© deg uselkim iwnes-ussid i d-yesskanen i©ersiwen.
Asegzi n wawalen
Asgunfu : aste§fu

Isestanen
1- Tasedda d taqcict ne© d tame™™ut?
2- Suffe©-d seg u¤ris tafyirt i d-yemmalen ma d taqcict ne© d tame™™ut.
3- Acu i tŸemmel Tsedda?
4- Anwi uraren i tŸemmel?

27

je
a
T

Ase

rrumt

nfar 1

u

Isem : tawsit

£er imedyaten
l Amastan d aqcic.
l Tasedda d taqcict.
l Tasedda tessawal-as-id setti-s tamacahut n Briruc.
l Mi ye©li yi™ij issefqad Umastan i tqerracin-is.
1- Isem amezwaru " aqcic " qqaren-as : isem amalay
2- Isem wis sin " taqcict " qqaren-as : isem unti.
3- Isem tamacahut, d unti ne© d amalay ? Nezmer ad as-nbeddel tawsit ne© ala?
4- Isem i™ij, d unti ne© d amalay ? Nezmer ad as-nbeddel tawsit ?

Ad cfu$©
Isem di tmazi©t is§a snat n tewsatin : amalay (aqcic ) akked wunti (taqcict).
Llan kra n yismawen s§an yiwet n tewsit kan : zemren ad ilin d untiyen kan
(tamemt) ne© d imalayen kan (a©rum).

Ilu©$ma

 Smel di tfelwit yellan s-wadda ismawen-agi: argaz, tala, a©rum, ageffur,
tamurt, tara.

Amalay

Unti

‚ Ger yismawen i d-nefka, wali ma s§an akk unti d umalay ne© llan wid yes§an

kan unti ne© amalay kan :
- Tanelmadt
- Ass
- Taddart
- Uccen

ƒ Af-d s-©ur-k / s-©ur-m, sin yismawen yes§an unti d umalay.

28

se
Ta

Tagzemt tis 3

f tit
AnaŽ
Tarda

Deg uxxam, awal sin ad iyi-d-inin " RuŸ sired ifassen-ik ! RuŸ sired i¤arren-ik !
RuŸ sired tu©mas-ik ! "

Rachid ¦ELLIC

- D acu i as-qqaren wat-uxxam i mmi-tsen ?
- Anwi awalen i ssexdamen ?
- Melmi i nessexdam awalen-ina ?
⇒ At-uxxam ssexdamen imyagen ruŸ sired i wakken ad snedhen mmi-tsen.
- Ger yimqimen ilelliyen, af-d anwa udem i nezmer ad nessendeh. Err ticre¤t (+)
sdat-s.
Imqimen ilelliyen

Ticre¤t

Nekk
Keáá
Kemm
Netta
Nettat
Nekkni
Nekkenti
Kunwi
Kunemti
Nutni
Nutenti

Ad cfu©$
Amyag mi yefti ©er wana¤, d asendeh i nessendah yis-s. Ana¤ ifetti d
wudem wis2 kan (amalay d wunti), ©ur-s : keáá, kemm, kunwi, kunemti,
acku d wigi kan i nezmer ad nessendeh.

Ilu©$ma

 Akez anwi i d imyagen swayes i nezmer ad nessendeh :

- I¤fer mmi-s ©er lexla, yenna-as : " U©al s axxam, ini-as i yemma-k ad ak-idtefk imekli ".
- Yeááa lmal, yefreŸ bab-is.
- Tenna-as tyazi¤t : " Anfet-asen i warraw-iw ! "
- Tenna-as yemma-s i Briruc : " Eáá imensi ne© ad as-ini© i u§ekkaz ad
k-iwwet ".

‚ Ha-ten-a yimyagen, sefti-ten akken ara tesnedhe¤ yis-sen :
Twala¤, teááamt, turam, ad tesle¤.

29

Ase

efru
s
A

nfar 1

u

A tiwiziwin
A tiwiziwin
Huzzemt afriwen
Tura d tameddit
LeŸwal d ilmawen
Anfemt i wanu
A sut u©balu
I™ij i©li iruŸ
Idda d umalu
A sut u©balu
Huzzemt ifassen
I™ij i©li iruŸ
Idda d yisaffen
A§eqqa a§eqqa
Ad immed meqqa
A Sidi Rebbi
â§el lbaraka
Seg yisefra n at zik
n Rem¤an AT MEN¢UR

Isestanen
1. Iwumi yettmeslay umedyaz ?
2. Acu xeddment ?
3. Acu i asent-yessuter ?

30

Tagzemt tis 3
D nekk ara yarun

 Smed tifyar s wawalen-a : asafag,

ayis, idlisen, tt§ummu©.

˜emmle© ad rekbe© ©ef ...........

Mi ara ruŸe© ©er yilel, ..................

Asmi ara inige©, ssarame© ad ddu© deg ............

Taqcict-a, tŸemmel ad t©er ...............

‚ Smed tifyar s wawalen-a : ti„gi, isura, Mazi©.
Nekk, isem-iw .............., kkre©-d di taddart, Ÿemmle© ad rzu© ©er ................ n
Yi§ekkuren. Mi rezzfe© ©er temdint ttwali©-d .............. di ssinima.

31

Ase

nfar 1

u

Ad ktazle$© iman-iw
Wali ma tzemreŽ...
1. Ad teswesne¤ iman-ik?
2. Ad d-tmeslaye¤ ©ef yimdanen ni¤en?
3. Ad d-tefke¤ isem nsen?
4. Ad d-tefke¤ a©ara nsen?
5. Ad d-tefke¤ azemz n tlalit nsen?
6. Ad d-tefke¤ tansa nsen?
7. Ad d-tesmerse¤ awalen swayes i nzewwir deg usewsen?
8. Ad d-tmeslaye¤ ©ef yiwen s utram?
Melmi i tettafeŽ iman-ik? mi ara...
1. ...txeddme¤ weŸd-k ?
2. ...txeddmem di sin ?
3. ...txeddmem d agraw ?
4. ...txeddme¤ d yinelmaden n tesmilt akken ma llan ?
Muqel ma tzemreŽ...
1. Ad takze¤ amyag?
2. Ad d-takze¤ isem amagnu?
3. Ad d-takze¤ isem ama„lay?
4. Ad d-takze¤ ana¤?
5. Ad d-takze¤ tawsit n yisem?
6. Ad taru¤ isekkilen te©ri¤ akken iwata di yal tagnit n tira?

32

Ih

Ala

nfar wis 2
e
s
A
1. ad issine$© ismawen n yi©$ersiwen
2. ad issine$© ad d-gelme$© i©$ersiwen.
3. ad d-awi$© awal ©$ef tudert n yi©$ersiwen

Tagzemt

A¤ris

Tajerrumt

Taseftit

Tirawalt

Asemmi n - LewŸuc n te„gi Isem :
yi©ersiwen - Tirza ©er unanar am¤an

Amatar
Tirgalin: c, q, ©,
udmawan x.

Aglam
nsen

- Izem
- Ifis

Afeggag Tirgalin :
n umyag b,d,g,k,t

Tudert
nsen

- Tudert n
yizmawen
Isem : addad Izri
-Tudert n yifisen

Arbib

Tufayin : ¤, ™, „.

Tagzemt 1ut
A M A WA L

Izem

Tafunast

Ikerri

Tawtult

AnziŽ

Abare£

AyaziŽ

Uccen

Ta£aŽt

Ilu
Amayas
Amde£

Ifis

Amcic
Azrem

A£yul

Inisi

Aydi
AgŽiŽ

Amej£ud

35

Ase

nfar wis

2

Lew§uc n teØgi

Di zzman amezwaru, nnejma§en lewŸuc; mesgallen ur u©alen ad myeááen. Rran izem
d agellid fell-asen. Rran tilas d yinigan: wa ur yettawe¤ wa.
Izem yezde© ti„gi tameqqrant netta d wuccen, d yilef, d tewtult, d tyazi¤t akked tfunast;
llan akk d ixeddamen-is: ilef, yeggan fell-as; uccen, yeddal yis-s; tawtult, isummut-itt;
abare©, yettagem-as-id aman; a©yul, izeddem-as-id is©aren; tayazi¤t, tettarew-as-id
timellalin; ma d tafunast, tettakk-as-id ayefki.... Ala uccen ur nefriŸ ara.
Brahim ZELLAL Seg : le Roman du chacal
FDB,1964

Isestanen

 Ayen d izem i rran d agellid ?
‚ Anwi i©ersiwen i ized©en yid-s?
ƒ Acu i ixeddem yal yiwen deg-sen?

36

Tagzemt 1ut
awalt
Tir

Isekkilen: c, £, q, x,

Ad muqle£ tugniwin, ad d-ini© d acu d-mmalent.

uccen

a©erda

aqjun

tixsi

Ad d-£re£
A©rum
Icuba©,

amcic
acruf,

aqerruy
i©i,

axxam
a©enja,

C

¨

Q

X

c

©

q

x

abuqal,

aqrur.

Ad aru£

Ilu$ma

Œ Qqen ger wawalen i§edlen
A©rum
Aqerdac
Axenfuc
Iciwi

Axenfuc
Iciwi
Aqerdac
A©rum

 Sdukkel awalen yes§an isekkilen i§edlen :c, §, q, x, deg umku„-agi.
I©i,
a©yul, acruf,
aqahwi, ixmir,
Aqfal, acbayli, aqendur, taxabit, taxerrubt,

Ž Smed awalen-a s tergalin : c, ©, q, x.
a..ebbub, a..rab,
yen..ef,
a...enfir, a..acfal, af..al,

a...urar,
a..rab,

axrib, iclem,
tacelŸit

am..ar,
awina...

a..enfuc
a...edmir.

 Derrer isekkilen i te©ri¤ ass-a

Taqucci¤t, taqacuct, a©enja, axlenã, ixef,
©ef, adrar, uffur,
Tamendit tamasit, agdaz, acengu, takatut, ise©, alemsir
Ifecka,
azwel,
amu¤in, akafu, tamettant, afniq

37

Ase

rrumt
Taje

nfar wis

2

Isem : amŽan

Imedyaten

l Nnejma§en lewŸuc.
l Rran izem d agellid fell-asen.
l Tayazi¤t tettarew-as-id timellalin..
1- ¨er imedyaten tekkse¤-d ismawen.
2- Deg wacu mgaraden yismawen-agi : izem, izmawen ?
3- Acu n umgired yellan ger yismawen : tamellalt, timellalin?
l Mi ara yili yiwen i yellan neqqar-as : asuf ; ma llan si sin d asawen neqqar-as : asget

Md : izem : d asuf - timellalin, lewŸuc d isegten.

Ad cfu$
Isem d awal yemmalen : amdan, ta©awsa, a©ersiw... ©ur-s sin yim¤anen:
- Asuf: argaz (yiwen)
- Asget : irgazen (si sin d asawen)

Ilu$ma

ΠEfk-d asget
- am©ar ...
- tam©art ...
- abrid...
- afud...
- a„ar...

n yismawen-a .

 Smed tafelwit-agi .
Asuf
Am©ar
...
I™ij
...

Asget
...
iberdan
...
ulli

Ž Efk-d asget n yismawen-a ternu¤-d tamawt

38

- tixsi
- seksu
- tafunast
- aman
- tame™™ut
- tizizwit

Tagzemt 1ut
Tirza £er unanar

Ifawas yerza ©er unanar n yi©ersiwen n Ben ¦eknun. Mi d-yu©al, isteqsa-t umeddakkel-is
Meqqran d acu i d-ye„ra dinna.
Meqqran: Ani©er truŸe¤ i¤elli?
Ifawas: I¤elli, ruŸe© ©er unanar n yi©ersiwen n Ben ¦eknun.
Meqqran: Acu i d-twala¤ dinna?
Ifawas : „ri©-d a™as n yi©ersiwen. Widak akk ttwali© di tili„ri, ufi©-ten dinna. Win i iyiiswehmen d ibki. Yeááa-a© akk tagella-nni newwi yid-ne©.
Meqqran : Isem nsen akk yi©ersiwen-agi?
Ifawas: Maáái d kra: izem, abare©, uccen, ta©a¤t, ikerri, amayas, ilu, amde©, anzi¤,
anhil, awtul, ibki, ifis...

Isestanen
1. Ani©er iruŸ Ifawas?
2. Anda i d-yezga unanar-agi?
3. Acu i d-iwala dinna?
4. Ayen ala i yibki kan iwumi yefka ad yeáá?
5. Anwi i©ersiwen ger wid n unanar i yettidiren d umdan?
6. I wiya¤ ni¤en anda ttidiren ihi?
7. Ay©er i ten-id-wwin ©er unanar ihi?

39

Ase

Taseftit

nfar wis

2

Amatar udmawan

Ad kemle$ tifyar

l Yezde© di te„gi
l Yezde© wuccen di te„gi
.......... wuccanen.
.......... tuccent.
1- Derrer imyagen yellan di tefyar-agi.
2- Sefti amyag "zde©" d wudmawen ni¤en.
3- "yezde©, zed©en " " tezde© " d imyagen. D acu i d-yemmalen aya ?
4- D acu i yettbeddilen deg umyag? Ay©er?
5- Sefti amyag "ali" d wudmawen akk.
Uli© ...
6- Acu yemmal wayen akka yettbeddilen deg umyag?
7- Amek i as-sawalen ?

Ad cfu$
Amyag d awal yemmalen tigawt ne© ta©ara.
Amyag mi yefti, yettili deg-s wayen i d-yemmalen win ixedmen tigawt :
d ayen iwumi neqqar amatar udmawan. Md : uli© ... " ©" d amatar
udmawan
Tuli¤ " t...¤" d imataren udmawanen
Yuli "y " ... d amatar udmawan

Ilu$ma

Œ Suffe©-d imyagen yellan di tefyar-agi.
Izem yu©al d agellid fell-asen.
Tafunast tette„„eg.
Tawtult yessummut-itt.

 Muqel amedya amezwaru n tfelwit tkemmle¤ akken.
Amyag

Amatar udmawan

Amqim ilelli

Tedda
Yeááa
Nerwel
Ff©en
Tsawle¤
Yugi

t...

nettat

Ž Sefti amyag "ffe©" d yimqimen-agi.

40

Nekk

Keáá

Netta

Nettat

Nekkni

Kunwi

Tagzemt 1ut
Asefru

Ers-d ay iŽes

Ers-d ers-d ay i¤es,
Mmi-tne© yeb©a ad ye™™es,
Awer ya¤en, awer yehlek,
Ers-d ers-d a naddam,
Mmi d amgud n rremman,
Awer ya¤en, awer yehlek,
Ala seŸŸa d tezmert yeqwan,
Ttuha ay imeksawen,
Ma ur twalam ara uccen,
Yewwi izimer d aksas,
Itbe§-it mmi yekkes-as-t,
Mmi yewwi-d ikesman,
Uccen yewwi i©eswan.

Ccna n uzuzen

41

Ase

nfar wis

2

D nekk ara yarun

Œ - Seq§ed

tifyar-agi terre¤-tent i tugniwin iwatan.
- tzerzert umayas deffir yettazzal
- teydit arraw-is tessuttu¤.
- aksum yuker wuccen.
- tme™™ut akraren teksa.

 Mmeslay-d s kra n tefyar ©ef u©ersiw i tŸemmle¤.
Ž Seq§ed awalen tsuff©e¤-d tifyar.

- izem - di te„gi - d a©ersiw - d agellid n lewŸuc - yettidir - d netta - i.

42

Tagzemt tis 2

Avris

Izem

Izem d a©ersiw n te„gi. ¨ur-s tafekka d tuntimt, d ta©ezzfant. Aqerruy-is
d ameqqran, d amubrin, ma d tiqejjirin-is d tiwezzlanin. Di te©zi, ad yes§u ger 1,5m ar
2,5m. Ma di tiddi, yes§a azal n 1,20 m. Ta„eyt-is, ad tili ger 150 ar 250 kg. Aqerruy-is,
amger¤-is d tuyat-is dlen akk s wan„aden.
Ti©mi ines d awina© d uwras. Tifednin-is s§ant accaren d umsiden, d i©ezzfanen. Izem
yezmer ad yidir alamma d 12 n yiseggasen.
Asegzi n wawalen
- Tuntimt : teãhed
- Ti©mi : amellal, aberkan, azegga©, awra©...

Isestanen
- Acu i d-yeglem umeskar n u¤ris-agi ?
- Mi d-yemmeslay ©ef yizem, ibder-d a™as n yiferdisen n tfekka-s. Acu-ten ?
- Amek i d-yeglem yal aferdis ?

Ala$mu
Mi ara te©re¤ a¤ris-agi, smed takar¤a i d-iteddun:
A©ersiw :
Tanzagt n tudert :
Tafekka :
Lqedd :
Ta„eyt :
Ti©mi :
Tiqejjirin :
Accaren :

Te©zi :
Aqerruy :

43

Ase

Tirawalt

nfar wis

2

Isekkilen: §, h, Ÿ

a›arus

ahicur

i§iqel

A§arus

¦

-

§

Ahicur

H

-

h

IŸiqel

˜

-

Ÿ

Tal$iwin n usekkil
H

h

˜

Ÿ

¦

§

H

h

˜

Ÿ

¦

§

Ilu$ma
1- Semyezwer isekkilen tsuff©e¤-d awalen :
i-d-l-§

u-h-l

a-i-h-l

l-Ÿ-a-u-i

a-i-j-m-§-e

2- Qqen tisawalin tsuff©e¤-d awalen :
Tasawalt 1 ut
- A§
- UŸ
- Yel
- IŸ
- A§
- AŸ
- TaŸ
- Tah

44

Tasawalt tis 2
- ha
- der
- bar
- bac
- bult
- rawt
- diq
- rur

Tagzemt tis 2

jerrumt
a
T

Arbib

£er imedyaten
l Izem yes§a aqerru d ameqqran, i¤arren d iwezzlanen maca d izuranen.
1. I wacu-ten wawalen-ina yettuderren ?
2. D acu i a©-id-mlan ?
3. Anwi imyagen iseg d-kkan?
4. Acu i as-nerna i umyag akken ad d-ff©en wawalen-ina?

Ad cfu$
Arbib d awal yemmalen amek iga kra. Ittekk-d urbib seg yimyagen n t©ara
( wid yemmalen amek iga kra).
Imedyaten : - izwi© → azegga©,
ibrik → aberkan,
ihriw → ahrawan,
imlul → amellal,
ir„ig → ar„agan / amer„agu

Ilu$ma

ΠAkez irbiben yellan di tefyar i d-iteddun
l Yeááa a©rum d aquran.
l Yeááa a©rum yeqqur.
l Acebbub-is aberkan, tebra-as ©ef tuyat-is; tecbeŸ, temleŸ.
l Teááur te©zuyt d leŸcic azegzaw.
l Wwi©-d aberhuc d aqahwi.

 Suffe©-d irbiben seg yimyagen i d-iteddun.
l Iwri©, bren, icbiŸ, er„

Ž a- Ger yimyagen i d-iteddun, af-d anwi iseg nezmer ad d-nessuffe© arbib.
l Eáá, a„ay, wali, ini, ihriw, azzel, ifsus, ruŸ, imsus, imri©, anef, rwel.
b-Err di tefyar irbiben i d-tufi¤ seg yimyagen-a.

45

Tagzemt tis 2

Taseftit

Afeggag n umyag

£er-d amedya-agi

l Izem yeááa.
- Kemmel i tefyar-agi:
l Tawtult ..................
l Izem d wuccen ..................
l Tawtult d tsekkurt.............
1. Suffe©-d imyagen
2. Kkes-d amatar udmawan.
3. Acu i d-yeggran deg umyag?

Ü Ayagi i d-yeggran deg umyag qqaren-as : afeggag.
Ad cfu$
Amyag mi ara yefti, ttilin deg-s sin yimuren: amatar udmawan akked
ufeggag n umyag. Mi nekkes amatar itt©imi-d ufeggag. Amedya:
Yeááa
* Y= amatar udmawan
* àáa = afeggag n umyag

Ilu$ma
1- Smed ilem:
-Izem yezde© ti„gi tameqqrant
-Tawtult ... ti„gi tameqqrant
-Izem d wuccen ... ti„gi tameqqrant
-Tawtult d tsekkurt ... Ti„gi tameqqrant
2- Kkes-d imyagen seg tefyar i d-iteddun tsemde¤ tafelwit-agi:
l Azger ye§qel gma-s.
l Yeááa lmal, yefreŸ bab-is.
l Nnu©en yi©erdayen di lbext n umcic.
l Yekcem wuccen taqe¤§it.
l Ma yes§a uqjun tim„in, b©an-t akk medden i nnesba
Amyag

Amatar udmawan

Afeggag

47

Asefru

Ase

nfar wis

2

A£yul

A lmerkub acŸal telhi¤
Asmi tett§ebbi¤
Bab-ik le§tab inqes-as
****
Tett§ebbi¤ am uzal am yi¤
Yal le§tab telli¤
Yerna u§ekkaz d a§essas
***
Tura ikfa lŸal-ik te§yi¤
Ad k-ããen i usemmi¤
Yekfa lxir deg yiwen wass
RabaŸ S¦IDANI
Seg tesfift

48

Tagzemt tis 2
D nekk ara yarun

Œ Aru acu i twala¤ ddaw yal tugna am umedya amezwaru

Aqjun aberkan

..................

..................

..................

..................

..................

 Smed s urbib iwatan : ameqqran, amubrin, a„ayan, amec™uŸ, a©ezzfan

Aqerru n yizem
d ..........................

aqamum n yibellireã
d .............................

Amcic d...................

ilu d .....................

Ayazi¤....................
Ayazi¤

1- Smed ilmawen s wawalen ara d-tafe¤
Ikerri d a©ersiw yettidiren deg .................. Tafekka-s tdel s ..................
.................. Aqerruy-is d .................., yes§a acciwen .................. . Iqejjiren-is
d..................

49

Ase

50

nfar wis

2


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