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Llebsa umeḥbus Naǧib Meḥfuḍ .pdf



Nom original: Llebsa umeḥbus - Naǧib Meḥfuḍ.pdf
Titre: Microsoft Word - Llebsa ume?bus3.docx
Auteur: Samir

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LLEBSA UMEḤBUS
Tullist
sɣur Naǧib Meḥfuḍ (bu-Nobel 1988)

Tasuqilt n Samir Tighzert

Tullist-a teffeɣ-d deg useggas 1938.

1

Bu-ṭṭabla n ddexxan iwumi qqaren Ǧeḥca, yella seg
imezwura i d-iruḥen ɣer teɣsert1 n Zzaqaziq m’akken tuɣ d
lawan ad d-taweḍ tmacint. Acku taɣsert netta tuɣal-as d
ssuq, dɣa ata yeṭṭef abrid deg ugnenna2 la d-yettseyyiḍ
imsaɣen s wallen-nni-ines timecṭaḥ yeccurfen. D acu,
lemmer ad t-yesteqsi ḥedd ɣef lexdama-yi ixeddem ahat ad
tt-id-yenεel d anεal, imi ula d netta am waṭas n medden
yelfa-d yeεya deg iman-is d yir ẓẓher i yesεa.
Di tilawt ur yeksan ara kan, uma lemmer d lebɣi-s ad yili
d anehhar n ḥedd imerkantiyen akken ad yels si llebsa-s, ad
yečč seg wayen itett u ad iteddu dɣa yid-s s anda ma iruḥ d
amḍiq ifazen, d ccetwa neɣ d anedbdu, acku imir di zzhu ara
d-iḥelli aɣrum-is, mačči deg leεtab. Yerna ur yessarem
axeddim am wa armi tella ssebba. Meḥsub seg wasmi yeẓra
Lɣerr, anehhar n yiwen seg imeqqranen n temdint,
yeddawar-as i Bedweyya Xadem-Lmamur, yiwet n teqcict
akken iwumi yeggar awal s nnefxa ; yessaweḍ armi s-yenna
yiwet n tikelt : « Aql-iyi ur ttεeṭṭileɣ ara ad d-saɣ s
txatemt,!» akken la yekkat deg ifassen-is s lecraha. Ǧeḥca
iwala dɣa taqcict-nni mi tezmummeg s ineḥwan, teεreḍ
zeεma ad tseggem timeḥremt-is, netta iban iwakken kan ad
d-tessken acekkuḥ-nni-ines berriken idehnen s zzit... ma d
Ǧeḥca imiren i teceεel tmes deg wul-is, bdant tismin la
qqazent deg-s din din, acku rḥant-tt wallen-nni berriken daɣ
i d-yeǧǧan deg-s yir aṭṭan.
1
2

Gare, station
Agnenna : quai

2

Yuɣal seg wass-en yeṭṭafar deffir-s, anda terra ad t-tafeḍ
din, armi d yiwwas mi tt-id-yufa weḥd-s deg yiwen n wezniq
yenṭeq ula d netta ɣur-s iεawed-as ayen akken i s-yenna
Lɣerr : « Aql-iyi ur ttεeṭṭileɣ ara ad d-aseɣ s txatemt ». Maca
tezzi s umgerḍ-is akkin, teqqen aεenbur-is terra-yas-d s
ustehzi, tenna-yas : « Xaṭi, glu-d s uqabqab axir ! » Dɣa
Ǧeḥca mi d-yuɣal s iman-is imuqel deg iḍarren-nni-ines
imeqqranen i yemmugen ad s-tiniḍ d leḥwafer-nni n
welɣem, ajellab-is yerkan, d tcacit-is i tuli tɣebbart... yenna
deg wul-is : « Iban, d annect-a kan i d ssebba n lhemm-iw d
yetri-w iɣaben ! » Ihi d aya i t-yeǧǧan yettmenni-d lḥirfa am
tin n Lɣerr, ɣas akken asirem-a-ines ur t-yessefreɣ ara ɣef
lxedma-s tamezwaurt, yezga yeddenfir kan ɣer zzat, imi s
tirga-s i iεewwel ad yennaɣ d lejruḥ-is.
Ata ihal-d ihi tameddit-nni ɣer teɣsert n Zzaqaziq s
tsenduqt-is, yettraju w’ara d-iruḥen. Mi yerfed asekkad-is
ɣer lebεid iwala tejba-d tmacint i d-yettbinen am unzaḍ kan
n tagut ; tkemmel dɣa la d-tettaẓ, syin bdan yeḥricen-is
ttwaεqalen kra kra, d zzhir-is yettiεlay, armi tḥbes ɣer yiri n
n ugnenna. Ihi Ǧeḥca yuzzel din din ɣer zzat ifuga
yemrussan, maca yenneqmas m’akken i iwala iεessasen i
ibedden s yemrigen1 deg ifassen-nsen ɣef tewwura, akked
kra n wudmawen akken ibeṛṛaniyen i d-yettmuqulen seg
isfuyla s wallen-nsen yeεyan iɣef banent lewhayem. Mi
steqsan medden nnan-asen-d wiyi d imeḥbas iṭalyanen i dyeɣlin s tuget gar yifassen n yeεdawen-nsen, tura akka
teddun ad ten-awin ɣer tkurmuyin2 i ten-yettrajun.
1
2

Amrig : (sslaḥ) arme
Takurmut : (lḥebs) prison

3

Ǧeḥca ibedd imir yetḥeyyer, yettqeyyin kan deg
wudmawen-nni yeččuren d takka ; taswiεt ikad-d am akken
iɣaḍ-it lḥal, acku yeḥṣa belli imdanen-a yeslawen akk, iwumi
yezzi lhemm d lmeḥna, ur sεin swayes ara kksen ccihwannsen si ddexxan-is... iwala-ten dɣa ččan-d tasenduqt-nniines s wallen, ihi ixẓer-iten s wurrif, akken ara tenyesseḥqer. Syin, akken kan iruḥ ad sen-yezzi s uεrur
iwakken ad yuɣal s ansi d-yekka, ata yesla i yiwet n taɣect i
s-d-yessawlen s taεrabt, maca iban d Aṛumi i yettmeslayen la
s-d-yeqqar :
— Yella ddexxan ?...
Dɣa ur yumin ara, imuqel deg-s yerna iḥukk akka
ddebbu-s ɣer ccahed-is amek ara s-yinin ilaq idrimen. Winna
yefhem, ihuzz aqerru-s, ihi yuẓa acemma ɣer ɣur-s, s ukukru
kan, armi d anda ur t-id-yettaweḍ ufus userdas1-nni. Syin
aserdas-a yekkes-d abalṭu-s s leεqel, iwehha-yas-d yess,
yenna-yas :
— D wa i sεiɣ d idrimen.
Dɣa Ǧeḥca yenεetbar, ibedd kan yettḥekkir deg ubalṭunni aqehwi yesεan tiseqfal d tizegzawin, acku si tama
yewhem, si tama nniḍen iger-it ṭṭmeε. Taswiεt yefra-tt d
yiman-is, d acu mačči d nneyya i yella, yugad ad s-tt-yezreg
Uṭalyan-nni. Ihi ilεeb-itt zeεma yekkes-d yiwen upaki n
ddexxan s ttawil maḍi, syin iger afus-is akken ad d-yeṭṭef
abalṭu-nni, maca aserdas yeqqen aεenbur-is, yuẓẓaf-d fell-as:
— Abalṭu s yiwen upaki kan ? awi-d ɣer da εecra !
1

Aserdas : (aεsekri) soldat

4

Ihi Ǧeḥca yexleε, yuɣal-d ɣer deffir. Yeẓra ur d-yewwi ara
ṭṭmeε-is, daymi iεedda ad yeṭṭaxer syin, maca yuɣal-d
userdas deg wawal yenna-yas :
— Awi-d ayen ilaqen... tesεa, tmenya...
Imir ilemẓi s tɣennant i ihuzz aqerru-s akken ad
yeggami, dɣa yenna-yas userdas :
— Sebεa, ihi.
Maca Ǧeḥca ihuzz daɣen aqerru-s am yizgelli-nni, yerna
tikelt-a yerra iman-is iteddu ad iruḥ s tidet, ihi aserdas
yesteqneε s setta, syin iṣubb-d ɣer xemsa ; yerna ɣas akken,
iwehha-yas-d Ǧeḥca s ufus-is am win i s-yennan belli dayen
kan, ur yeksan ara ad yeqbel, syin yuɣal s amkan-is yeqqim.
Acemma kan ata isuɣ-d userdas iruḥen ad yemxell :
— Eyya !... qebleɣ s rebεa.
D acu, win nniḍen ur s-yerri ara yakk ddhen ; yerna
iwakken ad s-d-ibeyyen belli ur yecliε ara deg-s, yecεel
agaṛṛu yeqqim yettkeyyif, yestbennay-it s leεqel-is maḍi.
Dɣa aserdas ulint-as, armi win ara t-yeẓren akken deg
teswiεt-nni ad s-yini wayi iswi ur t-yesεi di ddunit ala
iguṛṛa-nni i yebɣa ad yawi. Ihi iṣubb-d deg ccerṭ-is ɣer tlata,
ikemmel ɣer sin. Ma d Ǧeḥca yeqqim kan yettnaɣ d tasa-s
akked ṭṭmeε i t-yenɣan, dacu mi d-iṣubb akken winna armi
yeqbel sin ipakiyen kan, iḥerrek akken acemma war ma ifaqd dɣa iwala-t-id userdas yenna-yas-d :
— Awi-d.
Dayen, imir yegra-yas-d kan ad yekker. Ata ihi yuẓa ɣer
tmacint yeṭṭef-d abalṭu sɣur userdas, yefka-yas sin ipakiyen
n ddexxan. Mi imuqel deg ubalṭu iban belli iεǧeb-it lḥal, dɣa
s lferḥ i yezmummeg. Taswiεt, isers tasenduqt-is ɣef tɣalaṭ
5

iɣef yella yeqqim, yerra-tt ɣer tama, yebda la t-yettlus. Mi tyesseqfel ikad-d hraw acemma fell-as, maca ur yecliε ara,
imi yuɣal yewhem deg iman-is ; yeddem-d kan dduzan-is
yeṭṭef taqibalt deg ugnenna iteddu yettzuxxu... acu ara dteṭṭfeḍ seg-s si lferḥ imiren ! Acemma kan iruḥ-d lexyal n
Bedweyya gar wallen-is am akken kan i tt-iẓerr s uḥayek-is,
ihi yetewtew d yiman-is, yenna : « A lemmer ad yi-d-twali
akka ! Ih... ur tettuɣal ara ad terwel fell-i neɣ ad yitesseḥqer, ma d azewwax-nni n Lɣerr ur yesεi s wacu ar diyagar tura. » Maca din din yemmekta-d belli Lɣerr netta
yettlus akustim yekmel, mačči d abalṭu kan, ihi tura netta
ixuṣṣ-it userwal.
Ata dɣa Ǧeḥca ibedd yettxemmim, syin imuqel ɣer
imeḥbas i d-yettbinen deg isfuyla n tmacint, ixẓer-iten s
yiwet akken n tmuɣli yebɣan ad d-tini kra. Akk yuɣal yewwit ṭṭmeε ɣef lqaε rnan leǧwareḥ-is mbawlen seld mi ruḥen ad
d-rsen ; ihi ur iεeṭṭel ara iderreḍ ɣer tmacint, iεeyyeḍ war
ma ikukra :
— Eyya-w ddexxan... apaki s userwal, i wid ur nesεi ara
idrimen... apaki s userwal.
Iεawed i tiɣri-ya-ines acḥal, acku yugad ur fehhmen ara
acu d-yeqsed, syin icewwer ɣer ubalṭu-nni yelsa yerna
yessken-asen apaki n ddexxan, dɣa akka i iεedda yizen-is. Ihi
yiwen userdas iεedda din din ad d-yekkes abalṭu-ines, maca
yenna-yas ad yerju, yuɣal iwehha ɣer userwal-is, am win i syennan belli d win i yebɣa, mačči d abalṭu. Dɣa aserdas
yefqeε acemma, maca yuɣal yekkes-d aserwal-is, ɣer tagara
mbaddalen tiɣawsiwin.
6

Ihi Ǧeḥca ixuṣṣ kan ad yefferfer si lferḥ m’akken i dyeṭṭef aserwal-nni i d-yehbej d ahbaj seg ufus n winna, yerna
dqiqa kan yelsa-t, dɣa yuɣal d aserdas aṭalyan ikemlen... D
acu, ahat yella kra i t-ixuṣṣen... ih, d asḥissef, imi imeḥbasnni ur ttarran ara iṭerbac1 ɣef yiqerra-nsen. Maca ggaren
iḍaren-nsen deg isebbaḍen, yerna ilaq-as kan yiwen ma
yebɣa ad yeεdel d Lɣerr i s-yessreẓgen tudert-is. Daymi
yeddem daɣen tasenduqt-is yuɣal yuzzel ɣer tmacint la
yettεeyyiḍ :
— Eyya-w ddexxan... apaki s usebbaḍ... apaki s usebbaḍ.
Tikelt-a daɣen iεawen iman-is s ucewwer amek ara tfehmen. Maca qbel ad d-yerbeḥ amsaɣ-iḍen, atta tṣeffart n
tmacint tsuɣ ɣer tikli, ihi yuqeε-itt umhirweḍ gar yiεessasen
merra yellan din. Iḍ tuɣ dayen idel-d taɣsert ; deg igenni
yegra-d ala yiwen n wefrux i iteddun ad yens ; dɣa imir i
yeḥbes Ǧeḥca ula d netta s yiwet akken n tirɣi deg wul-is, d
wurrif, d lɣiḍ akked layas i ibanen ɣef allen-is.
Syin, mi temebawel tmacint tettuddu ad tṣidd, ziɣ
ilemmeε-it-id yiwen uεessas i yellan deg ufagu n zzat, dɣa
yefqeε, yuẓzaf-d fell-as s tneglizit yerna-d s tṭalyant, yennayas :
— Γiwel, ali-d ! ali-d ay ameḥbus...
Maca Ǧeḥca ur yefhim ara d acu s-d-yeqqar, ihi iwakken
ad yekkes ɣef wul-is, yebda yettḥaka-t-id amek akken i
yettḥerrik, yettaḍsa fell-as, am win iḍemnen iman-is mi s-dyezga akken deg lebεid. Aεessas si tama-s yuɣal isuɣ-d, netta
tamacint tuɣ tettibεid cwiṭ cwiṭ.
1

Aṭerbuc : fez

7

— Ali-d !.. ɣur-k, aql-i nniɣ-ak-d... uɣal-d !
Kikif, Ǧeḥca izemm imi-s maḍi amek ara yestehzi ugar
yess, yezzi-yas s uεrur, ikemmel abrid-is. Ihi aεessas iga-d
tummeẓt s ufus-is azelmaḍ la d-yetteggez1 ilemẓi
yeṭṭeglellin... yuɣal yeqreṣ fell-as. Dɣa tufeg yiwet akken n
teldunt tesεuẓẓug, ḍefrent-tt-id tɣiwsin n leqriḥ d jjiεran.
Akka i yeqqur Ǧeḥca deg umkan, teɣli tbewwaṭ-nni seg ufusis rnan nḍeqqaren ipakiyen n ddexxan d zzalamiḍ, syin
yenneqlab ɣef wudem, tegra-d lǧetta-s di lqaεa.

***

1

Ggez : menacer

© 2017 Samir Tighzert
8


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